Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
Ojibwe - Anishinaabe


Anishinaabe Language Resources
As with many languages, translating Anishinaabemowin into English, word for word, is very difficult without references or more complete phrases. Keep this in mind when visiting the Anishinaabe language pages.Also note that there are three basic Ojibwe dialects (R, L, and N). Spellings may vary in different parts of the US and Canada.
Bois Forte Reservation Tribal Council
The Bois Forte (French, meaning "strong wood") Reservation is home to the Bois Forte Band of Chippewa Indians located in Northeastern Minnesota. The Bois Forte Band is one of six Federally recognized member Bands of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe. These six Bands are organized under a single Constitution; however, each retains complete autonomy in the exercise of sovereign authority and with respect to relationships with Federal, State and local units of government.
Bois Forte Department of Natural Resources
We have a long, rich history in natural resource use and management, much of which focuses on wild rice. The Manoomin, or "food that grows on the water" is a gift from the Creator, and is something that has sustained our people physically and spiritually for centuries. We cherish this gift, and hope to share our interest with you.
Chippewas of Nawash
The Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation occupy Neyaashiinigmiing Indian Reserve No. 27 on the eastern shore of the Saugeen (Bruce) Peninsula on Georgian Bay. The nation is named "Nawash" after Chief Nawash, who fought beside Tecumseh in the war of 1812. The present land base is 63.81 Km2. The community is approximately 26 Km from Wiarton, 64 Km from Owen Sound or 250 Km from Toronto.
Fond du Lac-Little Black Bear Elementary School
The Fond du Lac Reservation is located in east-central Minnesota, about 20 miles west of Duluth.
Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Reservation
Welcome to the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Reservation website. The Reservation lies in Northeastern Minnesota adjacent to the city of Cloquet, MN, approximately 20 miles west of Duluth, MN. The Fond du Lac Reservation, established by the LaPointe Treaty of 1854, is one of six Reservations inhabited by members of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe.
Indian Country Wisconsin-Ojibwe
The Ojibwe speak a language of the Algonkian language family and constitute the largest Indian group north of Mexico.
Ojibwa Culture and History
According to Professor Dennis Jones who teaches the Ojibway language at the University of Minnesota, either Ojibwe or Ojibway are actually correct spellings, but some people feel Ojibwe should be the preferred standardized spelling. I have chosen to use the Ojibway spelling only because that is the way I originally learned it. If I had it to do over again I would probably use Ojibwe.
The Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe | Comics
Aaniin and thank you for looking up the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe’s comic book series on the Internet. Our educational comic books, Dreams of Looking Up and A Hero’s Voice, offer valuable insights in American Indian culture in a unique way that appeals to the imaginations of the young and the young at heart.
Red Lake History
The Red Lake Band has lived here since the Sioux or Dakota people moved from the area in the mid-1700's.
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe
The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe is self-governed by a twelve-member Tribal Council. The Council includes 10 representatives from District 1 (the Isabella Reservation) and one representative each from District 2 (Saganing) and District 3 (members at-large). Tribal Council members are elected by registered voters in their respective districts. The Council then selects its executive officers, the Chief, Sub-Chief, Secretary and Treasurer.
Spirit of White Earth: Winnie Jourdain, a survivor's spirit
It's a mystery that has haunted Winnie Jourdain for all of her 98 years. "This is the land of the free, the land of Lincoln," Winnie said. "How could they have taken everything away from us?" Imagine being born in a place in northwestern Minnesota, not far from Lake Itasca, the source of the Mississippi River. Imagine a place where eagles soar above marshes and into icy blue skies that dazzle squinting eyes and seem too bright and clean to be real.
Waasa Inaabidaa…We Look In All Directions
Waasa Inaabidaa…We Look In All Directions is a six-part television documentary series produced by WDSE in Duluth, Minn., about the second largest tribe in North America, the Anishinaabe/Ojibwe (Chippewa) nation of the upper Great Lakes region. The series includes more than 100 interviews with tribal elders, historians, youth and leaders from the 19 Ojibwe bands in Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota.
Penticton Indian Band
The Penticton Indian Band represents one of the seven communities of the Okanagan Nation.
Omaha-Ponca is a Siouan language. It is part of the Mississippi Valley subgroup. This subgroup consists of three dialect continuums - Dakotan, Dhegiha, and Chiwere - and one more or less uniform language -Winnebago (Hochank or Hochangara)
Omaha Language Curriculum Development Project
This website is being developed to benefit students of the Omaha language and culture, wherever they may live. It has been initiated by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) Omaha language class under the direction of Mark Awakuni-Swetland, instructor. The UNL Omaha language class is housed in the Department of Anthropology-Geography and is supported by the Institute for Ethnic Studies, Native American Studies Program.
The Omaha Tribe
The Omahan, or Omaha, have given their name to the exposition city. The word signifies 'up stream'. They are also the originators of the picturesque Omaha dance, now common to most of the plains tribes. They reside on a reservation about sixty miles northward from Omaha and within the limits of their original country.
Omaha Tribe of NE and IA History
The Omaha Tribe originated because of a division within the Sioux Nation in the early 1500s. They had lived together near the junction of the Ohio and Wabash Rivers, near present-day Cincinnati, Ohio. Migrating westward with the Quapaw, the Omahas settled at the mouth of the Missouri River on the northern edge of present-day St. Louis, Missouri. The Quapaw traveled further south and located on the western side of the Mississippi.
also See Haudenosaunee
The Oneida Indian Nation
The Oneida Indian Nation, one of the original members of the Iroquois Confederacy, enjoys a unique role in America's history having supported the Colonies in the struggle for independence from England.
Oneida Nation of Wisconsin
Through a series of trips to Wisconsin and fractions in the tribe, there are 3 seperate reservations; Wisconsin, New York and one in the Thames, Ontario. Canada. Each community acts independently as its own Nation with no govermental responsibility to the other.
Oneida Cultural Heritage Language Revitalization Program
"The Oneida Language Revitalization mission is to provide our community every opportunity to learn the Oneida language and culture. Our goal is to rekindle a fluent speaking community by providing language and culture resources. By upholding this, we are tying our arrows together so that our language will not be broken."
The Oneida Nation - Proud and Progressive
The mission of the Oneidas is to sustain a strong Oneida Nation by preserving our heritage through the 7th generation. The Oneida Family will be strengthened through the values of our Oneida Identity by providing housing, promoting education, protecting the land, and preserving the environment. Our Oneida Nation provides for the quality of life where the people come together for the common good.
Tsyunhehkwa Center
Playing a pivotal role in the re-introduction of high quality, organically grown foods that will ensure a healthier and more fulfilling life for the Oneida People of the Standing Stone and being facilitators of positive dietary and nutritional change throughout our community and Turtle Island.
Welcome to the Oneida Indian Nation
In Haudenosaunee country, not far from the geographic center of New York State, a miracle is unfolding. A community is being reborn and literally rebuilt; a culture is being revitalized; and economic development and job opportunities are growing at an unprecedented pace. This miracle is taking place at the Oneida Indian Nation, a federally recognized Nation of 1,100 Members which is located in Central New York.
See Haudenosaunee
The Osage Tribe's Official Homepage
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Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe
The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribes' Reservation is located thirty five miles northeast of Reno, Nevada in a remote desert area located in the counties of Washoe, Lyon, and Storey. The area of the reservation contains 475,000 acres or 742.2 square miles. Out of this acreage approximately 112,000 acres cover the surface of a terminal desert lake, Pyramid Lake. Pyramid Lake is one of the most valuable assets of the Tribe and is entirely enclosed within the boundaries of the Reservation. Pyramid Lake is approximately 15 miles long and 11 miles wide. Pyramid Lake measures 350 feet at it's deepest point
Paiute Language
Paiute--sometimes called Northern Paiute to distinguish it from Ute--is a Uto-Aztecan language of the Western Plateau. The language is spoken natively by more than 1000 Paiute Indians in Nevada, California, Oregon and Idaho and also by some Shoshone-Bannock people in Idaho.
Pala Band of Mission Indians
We hope that this web site will assist you in learning more about our people, our history and our culture. We are located in Pala, California, in North San Diego County. We welcome you to indulge in our rich history.
Passamaquoddy Tribe
When Great Britain and the United States established a boundary between Maine and New Brunswick in 1842, the Passamaquoddy People were not consulted. The result, the separation of Passamaquoddy families and the seizure of traditional Passamaquoddy territory.
People of the Dawn-Indian Township
The first to see the rising sun each day, the Passamaquoddy and other peoples of the Dawnland - northern New England - were also among the first to feel the impact of Europeans".
Pawnee Nation
The Pawnee Nation has a long and proud history going back over 700 years. At one time, early in the 19th century, there were over 10,000 members of the Pawnee Nation along the North Platte River in Nebraska.
Spacetalk-Pawnee Sky Observations
The Pawnee Indians living on the Great Plains of Nebraska a century ago were skillful sky watchers. Proof of their observational activities resides in the Pawnee collection at the Chicago Field Museum of Natural History.
Penobscot Nation of Maine
We, the Penobscot Indian Nation, traditionally known as the penawahpskewi, together with the Passamaqouddy, Maliseet, and Mik Maq are collectively known as the Wabanaki Confederacy.
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
The Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma is a confederation of Kaskaskia, Peoria, Piankesaw and Wea Indians united into a single tribe in 1854. The tribes which constitute The Confederated Peorias, as they then were called, originated in the lands bordering the Great Lakes and drained by the mighty Mississippi. They are Illinois or Illini Indians, descendants of those who created the great mound civilizations in the central United States two thousand to three thousand years ago.
Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center
The Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center, a new state-of-the-art, tribally owned- and-operated complex, brings to life the story of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation, and serves as a major resource on the history of the Tribe, the histories and cultures of other tribes, and the region's natural history.
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community
The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community was created by Executive Order on June 14, 1879 by President Rutherford B. Hayes. The Community is located in Maricopa County, aside the boundaries of Mesa, Tempe, Scottsdale, Fountain Hills and metropolitan Phoenix.
Chief Standing Bear of the Ponca Indians
The trial of Standing Bear, a Ponca Indian chief, in a United States District court in Omaha in l879, led to a decision by Judge Elmer Dundy that Native Americans are "persons within the meaning of the law" and have the rights of citizenship.
Standing Bear, Kids! Stuff coloring page
Standing Bear was a chief of the Ponca Indians whose tribe was moved to Indian Territory in Oklahoma in 1877.
Indians of Kansas
The history of the Pottawatomies, even after they were in communication with the Europeans, is difficult and often obscure.
Pueblo People
Pueblo Cultural Center
Many centuries before European explorers found their way to the western hemisphere, the Pueblo Indians of what is now New Mexico developed a distinctive and complex civilization. These peace loving people created an urban life in harmony with the environment and with each other. Their religion was pantheistic and deeply spiritual and constituted an important part of daily life, within which they created an equitable government, a magnificent architecture, intensive agriculture with a sophisticated irrigation system and a highly developed art in pottery, weaving, jewelry, leather work and other crafts.
Welcome to the Pueblo of Laguna
Laguna is surrounded by enchanting mesas and is situated at the foothills of the beautiful mountains of Mount Taylor. Laguna is located 45 miles west of Albuquerque on Interstate 40. The reservation consists of approximately 500,000 acres of land situated in Cibola, Valencia, Bernalillo and Sandoval counties. The residents of Laguna Pueblo live in six villages which are Laguna, Mesita, Paguate, Seama, Paraje, and Encinal. The Tribal administration building is located in the village of Laguna. You can experience the uniqueness of our Pueblo by visiting in person.
San Juan Pueblo
San Juan Pueblo, or Ohkay Oweenge as it is called in Tewa, is the largest and northernmost of the six Tewa-speaking Pueblos. It is located just north of Espanola, New Mexico, near the confluence of the Rio Grande and Rio Chama.
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Quinalt Indian Nation
We are among the small number of Americans who can walk the same beaches, paddle the same waters, and hunt the same lands our ancestors did centuries ago. The Quinault Indian Nation (QIN) consists of the Quinault and Queets tribes and descendants of five other coastal tribes: Quileute, Hoh, Chehalis, Chinook, and Cowlitz .
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