Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians
Centuries ago, ancestors of the Agua Caliente Cahuilla Indians settled in the Palm Springs area.
The Cahuilla
The Cahuilla people live in the Sonoran Desert and Mojave Desert regions of Southern California.
California Tribes-Misc. Links Pages
This site documents the construction of a California earth lodge inspired by Native American dwellings of the region. The structural plan of this lodge was based upon:
  • Information and pictures from "Indian Tales" by Jaime de Angulo
  • A description by Ishi in the book, "Ishi in Two Worlds" by Theodora Kroeber
  • Information from the Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology, UC Berkeley
As a reference for building other lodges, these notes were then primarily based upon the experience we gained building the 20 foot lodge. This was done in April, 1971 at Dutch Flat, California in the Sierras by a group of Berkeley High School students. The trip and the work was intended to enhance the sense of community of the group.
California Indians
In 1990, California had the second-largest Native American population of any state, with approximately 242,000 Native American residents, second only to Oklahoma.
California Indians and Their Reservations
An Online Dictionary (A - C)
California Native American Page
This page gives a picture of the way Native Americans lived in California in the past. There is also some information about where the groups live today, and some information about festivals and places where artifacts are exhibited, as well as mention of contemporary artists.
Chemehuevi Indians of Southern California
Pathfinder-priest Father Garces became the first white man to ‘discover’ the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe by entering the Shoshonean Territory with the help of the Mohave Indians.
Costanoan-Ohlone Indian Canyon Resources
A Resource of Information about Costanoan (Ohlone) and other Indigenous Californians: History, Current Events, Contacts, Native American experience
History of American Indians in California
The history of California Indians is a different story from that of other ethnic groups who came in the last few centuries as immigrants to an already populated land. For Indians, this is their homeland, and their history spans more than 10,000 years of occupation.
Language Map of the Kawaiisu
The Northern California Indian Development Council, Inc.
The Northern California Indian Development Council, Inc. is a private nonprofit corporation that annually provides services to 14,000 to 15,000 clients statewide. NCIDC was established in 1976 to research, develop and administer social and economic development programs designed to meet the needs of Indian and Native American Communities; to provide support and technical assistance for the development of such programs, and the conservation and preservation of historic and archeological sites and resources.
Round Valley Indian Reservation
The Round Valley Indian Reservation began in 1856 as the Nome Cult Farm, an administrative extension of the Nome Lackee Reservation located on the Northwestern edge of the Sacramento Valley, one of the five reservations in California legislated by the United States Government in 1853.
San Manuel Band of Mission Indians
The San Manuel Band of Mission Indians are of the Native American tribe known as "Serrano," a name given to us by the Spaniards which means "mountaineer."
Canada's First Nations
Alberta First Nations
The languages of the Cree, Blood, Ojibway and Blackfoot First Nations of Alberta are derived from the Algonquian linguistic family, while the language of the Dakota is derived from the Siouan linguistic family. The languages of the Slave, Chippewayan, Beaver and Sarcee are derived from the Athapaskan linguistic family.
Canada's Native Peoples-Heirloom Series
The aboriginal peoples of Canada have long suffered indignities, both from a lack of recognition of their contributions to our heritage, culture and social structure, and from limitations imposed upon them that have inhibited their development. CANADA's Native Peoples helps provide that recognition as well as an impetus for the private sector to work together with native people for a future of great promise, not only for native people themselves but for the benefit and enhancement of all Canadians. It is a responsibility and a challenge....
Eel Ground's Leaders
Many people have contributed to making Eel Ground a beautiful community and one that shows a positive outlook as we move into the 21st century. In recognizing those who have contributed, we as students will acquire a knowledge of what it takes to make a great community and a deeper respect for those people who have dedicated much of their time and energy towards making the community what it is.
Haisla Totem Pole Repatriation Project
Welcome to the Haisla Totem Pole Repatriation Project website! Learn about the Haisla First Nation’s efforts to finally bring home one of its most culturally significant treasures from a museum in Sweden. In these pages you will discover how this project is promoting a rediscovery of old traditions and at the same time creating new cultural exchanges.
Kid's Information Sheets
Download PDF format information sheets about Canada's First Nations
Kuh-ke-nah Smart Communities Launch
The Kuh-ke-nah Network of SMART First Nations is a practical expression of Indigenous community development. Six First Nations - connected by water in the summer and ice in the winter - have built an electronic road to Canada and the world. We are using this resource to stimulate and manage change in our communities.
Catawba History
Catawba means "river people," and only came into common use in the Carolinas after 1715. The name used by themselves was Iyeye (people) or Nieye(real people).
Catawba Indian Nation
Catawba means "River People" and only came into common use in the Carolinas after 1715. Our original homeland before contact with European invaders is uncertain. Today, 1,200 descendants are living in the vicinity of Rock Hill, SC. The Catawba's are recognized as a tribe by the federal government and the State of South Carolina
Catawba Cultural Preservation Project
Catawba Language
Legacy of Survival-7 Master Potters
The Catawba Nation, located 8 miles east of Rock Hill, South Carolina, is the home to a highly creative group of Native American potters.
Looking Back
First of all, it should be clear that there was no "Catawba Nation", or "Catawba Tribe", or "Catawba" people. There were many tribes (some records indicate 40 to 50) of different names who lived in the Piedmont sections of North Carolina and South Carolina.
See Haudenosaunee
Official Site of the Cherokee Nation based in Tahlequah Oklahoma
Since earliest contact with European explorers in the 1500s, the Cherokee Nation has been identified as one of the most advanced among Native American tribes. Cherokee culture thrived for thousands of years in the southeastern United States before European contact. After contact, Cherokee society and culture continued to develop, progressing with acquisitions from European settlers. Soon, they had shaped a bicultural government and a society that matched the most "civilized" of the time.
Cherokee Alphabet and Pronunciation Table
Each picture of a Cherokee letter is followed by its romanization, a comma, and the key to which that letter is mapped in.
Eastern Band of Cherokee
Thank you for visiting the official home page of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The Cherokee Indian Reservation is located in western North Carolina and is home to 12,500 enrolled members. We are adjacent to both the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Blue Ridge Parkway.
Museum of the Cherokee Indian
Southeastern Clothing
Southeast regional clothing with drawings and descriptions
Freeware Cherokee Font Information
Developed under Fontographer 3.5 for Windows running under OS/2 Warp 4, this font represents the 85 character syllabary of the Cherokee standard written language. All 6 columns of the syllabary are accessible through standard and shifted keystrokes on any extended keyboard. Additionally, standard punctuation is still available, such as commas, periods, and quotation marks
Cheyenne Cultural Center
You are welcome here in this exhibit house
Cheyenne language pages
Cheyenne language pages and history.
Northern Cheyenne Official Site
Welcome to the Northern Cheyenne Tribal ISP Website! This site is provided as a service to the Northern Cheyenne Nation and the Northern Cheyenne Reservation. It is meant to provide access to tribal government, programs, it's announcements and events of the Northern Cheyenne Tribe.
Northern Cheyenne Tribe
The Northern Cheyenne Reservation is located in Big Sky country in southeastern Montana and is home to the Northern Cheyenne people.
Tse-tsehese-staestse (Cheyenne)Literature
"A nation is not conquered Until the hearts of its women are on the ground. Then it is finished, No matter how brave its warriors Or how strong their weapons."
The Chickasaw Nation.
We have provided current information about our events, locations, news and employment opportunities here as well as brief overviews of what makes the Chickasaw tribe unique and special. With our boundaries encompassing more than 7,648 square miles of south-central Oklahoma and our citizens here and around the world, we are still known as the "great unconquered and unconquerable nation; a nation known for its bravery and more especially for its intrepid warriors and its dynamic women; never known to have lost a battle."
see Ojibwe - Anishinaabe
Chitimacha History
The delta of the Mississippi River and the adjoining Atchafalaya Basin of south-central Louisiana. According to their tribal tradition, the boundary of the Chitimacha homeland was originally defined by four sacred trees: the first was at Maringouin, Louisiana; the second southeast of New Orleans; another at the mouth of the Mississippi; and the last a great cypress located in present-day Cypremort Point State Park.
Brief History of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw
Exactly when the Choctaw moved into what would become eastern central and south Mississippi is not known yet. It was probably some time in the late 1500s or early 1600s, after Spanish introduced plagues of the mid-1500s wiped out an estimated 70% - 90% of the population in the Southeast.
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Through this technology you will be kept abreast of the latest happenings within your tribe, and advised of upcoming events. Historic information will be accessible, and the Programs section will provide highlights on all tribal programs and services available to the Indian people. We are heading into our second year on the world wide web, and we still have great plans for this Website. We hope that you find more and more valuable resources on the site this year, and in the years to come. It will provide the tribal headquarters with a direct link to all Choctaws. Log on often, and enjoy our progress.
The Choctaw Nation
I am now 47 and in the last 5 years I have learned who I am and also found my Grandfather, an Aunt I did not know I had also many cousins. I am Runswithponies Great Granddaughter of Dennis Trammell Price and Joanna Carr. Both of the Cherokee /Choctaw Nations. My family traveled on the Trail of Tears, stayed in Arkansas and then moved to Oklahoma. I am proud to be a part of them. And proud that my father has a sister and now knows his father.
Mississippi Band of Choctaw
The history of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians bears a sad resemblance to the stories of so many other Indian nations in America:
Chumash Indian Life
The Chumash Indian homeland lies along the coast of California, between Malibu and Paso Robles, as well as on the Northern Channel Islands. Before the Mission Period, the Chumash lived in 150 independent villages with a total population of about 18,000 people. In different parts of the region, people spoke different but related languages.
Cocopah Tribe
The Cocopah Indian Reservation is approximately 13 miles south of Yuma, five miles north of San Luis, and 180 miles west of Phoenix.
Coeur d'Alene
Coeur d'Alene Tribal Home Page
Because there was always a commitment to the future, so will there always be a commitment to the past. The modern Coeur d' Alene Tribe is the sum of uncounted centuries and of untold generations.
Idaho Natives
A Special Report - A team of University of Idaho journalism students traveled the state over the last year to examine life on Idaho’s five Indian reservations. Under the leadership of tribal journalist Lori Edmo-Suppah, the students pursued stories related to key tribal issues, including natural resources, economics, sovereignty and cultural preservation.
Comanche Language and Cultural Preservation Committee
The Comanche Tribe has increased efforts in recent years to insure the language of our ancestors remains a constant part of everyday Comanche life.
Comanche Nation
Before contact, the Comanches were part of the southern groups of Eastern Shoshoni that lived near the upper reaches of the Platte River in eastern Wyoming.
Comanche Nation of Oklahoma
The Comanche people call themselves Numunuh, meaning "The People." Early French and American explorers knew the Comanches by their Siouan name, Padouca.
Coquille Indian Tribe
This is the starting point for you to explore the dynamic facets of the Coquille Indian Tribe.
Welcome to
The name Cree, comes from "Kristineaux", or "Kri" for short; a name given to Native Americans from the James Bay area by French fur traders.
An online resource where you can learn more about the history and language of the Cree.
Cree Language Lessons
The phrase book is a compilation of materials from the course "Introduction to the Cree Language" developed in the IMPACTE programme at Brandon University and first taught in the winter of 1972. The text is based on the dialects of Manitoba.
Creek History 
Prior to the early 18th Century, most of Georgia was home to Native Americans belonging to a southeastern alliance known as the Creek Confederacy. Today's Creek Nation, also known as the Muskogee, were the major tribe in that alliance.
Muscogee History
The Muscogee (Creek) people are descendents of a remarkable culture that, before 1500 AD, spanned all the region known today as the Southeastern United States.
Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma
The Muscogee (Creek) Nation is a tribal government located in east central Oklahoma.  The Creek Nation boundary includes eleven (11) Counties: Creek, Hughes (Tukvpvtce), Mayes, McIntosh, Muskogee, Okfuskee, Okmulgee, Rogers, Seminole, Tulsa and Wagoner.
Apsáalooke Cultural Landscape Project
Welcome to the Apsáalooke cultural landscape page. Cultural landscapes are settings that human beings have created, either physically or cognitively, in the natural world.
Crow Tribal Council Page
The Crow Reservation is home to the Crow people. The Reservation is located in south-central Montana, is bordered on the south by the state of Wyoming with its northwestern boundary bordered by the city of Billings, Montana's largest metropolitan area
Plenty Coups-Crow Language Page
Hi! I'm SHE-LISH-GA, and you are about to go on an awesome field trip using this computer. The best part of it is that we are going to meet a great chief of the Crow Indian people - Chief Plenty Coups.
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Canku Ota is a free, bi-weekly, online Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law. Please read our privacy policy.

Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
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