Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
Issues - Advocates/Activists
Issues - Health
Issues - Environment
Issues - Youth
We are proud to bring all people together in such a broad forum. is proud to present a forum for governing issues surrounding all of us and how we can bridge the gap with understanding and caring.
Advocates for Indigenous California Language Survival
When Native American languages die, we all lose part of our heritage. Beyond the linguistically important loss of grammatical, semantic and cognitive aspects of these native languages so much more is being lost. Unique world-views, oral literature and whole bodies of knowledge disappear with each vanishing tongue. More importantly, language loss is a human rights issue. The native communities of California have had their languages taken from them involuntarily. Indigenous people view their languages as the bearers of their culture, transmitter of their ceremonies and record of their history, their way of life and their very identity.
Americans for Indian Opportunity
Americans for Indian Opportunity (AIO) is a national non-profit advocacy organization headquartered on the Santa Ana Pueblo reservation in New Mexico. The organization draws upon traditional tribal values in its effort to promote innovative problem solving, develop leadership, and create contemporary institutions that can face the challenges of the 21st century. Visit our website at:
Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Home Page
The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is the national representative/lobby organization of the First Nations in Canada. There are over 630 First Nation's communities in Canada. The AFN Secretariat, is designed to present the views of the various First Nations through their leaders in areas such as: Aboriginal and Treaty Rights, Economic Development, Education, Languages and Literacy, Health, Housing, Social Development, Justice, Taxation, Land Claims, Environment, and a whole array of issues that are of common concern which arise from time to time.
Appleseed Foundation
Appleseed has engaged a diverse spectrum of lawyers, other professionals, and citizen-leaders committed to creating a better society.

Montana Appleseed

Association on American Indian Affairs
For 87 years, AAIA has been working to promote these goals and provide the critical elements that Native American Indian children and families need to live happy, healthy and productive lives. Our programs focus upon youth/education (scholarships, child welfare, summer camps), health (diabetes education and prevention), cultural preservation (sacred lands protection, Native language preservation) and the empowerment of tribal communities (federal acknowledgment, funding for tribal programs). Please visit the rest of our website to learn more about our vital initiatives.

The Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nations Chiefs Secretariat Inc
Nikanitaiek - "People's Moving Forward"
On behalf of our Chiefs and our Mi'kmaq/Maliseet/Passamaquoddy people we welcome you to our web site. Development of our efforts into the computer age and the net clearly reflect our ability to meet the challenge of the world and the future, which awaits all people. Rebuilding our Nations one step at a time. A strategic voice, collective approach to develop our policies of self-government by self-determining peoples and First Nation Governments
BRIDGES, a student organization at the University of North Dakota, is committed to fighting racism and the systems which make it possible. One such system is the very school name of UND, the "Fighting Sioux."
This group has the stated purpose of countering racially-based 'special rights' and 'termination' discourse targeting American Indian Nations, Alaska Native Nations, and Canadian First Nations.

Charles Trimble, Welcome to my Web . . .
Like most writers, I want to be read. I am a Lakota journalist, a columnist. You may have read some of my writing in Indian Country Today ( or on All my columns, as well as other writings, are here in the archive, and you are most welcome to read them, download them, or send them to others.

Chief Joseph Foundation
The Chief Joseph Foundation was established on the Nez Perce reservation of Idaho in 1991. The philosophy of the Foundation is to promote Nez Perce cultural preservation, community pride, and community healing through activities primarily centered around the Appaloosa horse. The Appaloosa horse and the Nez Perce people have cultural and emotional bonds that have historical prominence and significance.
Christopher Columbus
"Christopher Columbus is a symbol, not of a man, but of imperialism.... Imperialism and colonialism are not something that happened decades ago or generations ago, but they are still happening now with the exploitation of people. ... The kind of thing that took place long ago in which people were dispossessed from their land and forced out of subsistence economies and into market economies -- those processes are still happening today."
Code Talker Petition to Congress
Many of the American public know that in World War II a large number of Navajo served as "code talkers" for the Marines in the Pacific. There have been books and articles published which cover their service, and they have been highly honored in many ways. Fewer people are aware, however, that there were other code talkers in both World Wars from many tribes who served in the Pacific and in Europe.
Columbus Mythbusters
MYTH: Columbus set out to prove the earth was round.
FACT: At the end of the 15th Century, most everyone knew the earth was a sphere. What was in question, however, was the size of the earth--its circumference. Columbus underestimated the size of the earth by one-fourth
Council of Indian Nations
Our mission: to help Native American people improve the quality of their lives by providing opportunities for them to bring about positive changes in their communities.
Diversity Database-UM
The University of Maryland's Diversity Database is a comprehensive index of multicultural and diversity resources.
Fighting Whites
This is the official store of the Fightin' Whites from University of Northern Colorado. All proceeds from this store will go to the FIGHTING WHITES SCHOLARSHIP FUND INC.
Fire on the Prairie
The purpose of this website is to support Lakota Treaty Rights, and to further efforts being made to secure social and environmental justice in the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty Area. The current hot treaty issue on this site involves the struggle against the so-called Mitigation Act.
First Americans Education Project
This year, the First American Education Project, a non-profit organization founded by Tribal leaders will seek to educate the public about issues of importance to Indians and the general public.
First Peoples' Cultural Foundation
The First Peoples' Cultural Foundation is a not-for-profit charitable public organization that generates support to raise awareness and funding for Aboriginal language revitalization. The Foundation works with its sister organization, the First Peoples’ Heritage, Language and Culture Council to ensure fair and equal access for all funds raised and to all programs available.
First People's Fund:
Founded in 1995, First People's Fund is committed to supporting the creative work of American Indian artists. First People's Fund supports the advancement of American Indian arts by focusing on two funding areas:
  • The Annual Community Spirit Awards - A national recognition and fellowship award for American Indian artists.
  • Artists in Business Leadership Program - This program provides artists with technical assistance, access to capital and to new marketing opportunities.
There is a special place that art occupies in the minds and lives of American Indians. Artistic creation serves as a visual demonstration of the persistence of Indian culture and community. Art was and is an important part of the ways of American Indians because it is thoroughly rooted in the land, the cultures and the communities. Even today, art continues to represent Indian people's original, ancient meaning and purpose
Fourth World Documentation Project
THE FOURTH WORLD DOCUMENTATION PROJECT was organized by the Center For World Indigenous Studies (CWIS) in 1992. Its mission is to document and make available to tribal governments, researchers and organizations, important documents relating to the social, political, strategic, economic and human rights situations being faced by Fourth World nations and create a historical archive of the political struggles waged by Indigenous Peoples to assert their rights as sovereign nations.
Freedom Forum Online
The Freedom Forum, based in Arlington, Va., is a nonpartisan, international foundation dedicated to free press, free speech and free spirit for all people. The foundation focuses on four main priorities: the Newseum, First Amendment issues, newsroom diversity and world press freedom.

A Look At The History Of Gambling
A look at the history of gambling in the United States shows that it has evolved in waves, with public sentiment shifting back and forth from embracing gambling to prohibiting it.Gambling was largely practiced in the early U.S., primarily in the form of lotteries, until it was completely banned in the 1890’s.

The Grotto Foundation
The mission of the Grotto Foundation is to benefit society by improving the education and the economic, physical, and social well being of citizens, with a special focus on families and culturally diverse groups.
The foundation is further interested in increasing public understanding of the American cultural heritage, the cultures of nations, and the individual's responsibility to fellow human beings.
Welcome to the new HaidaBucks web site.
If you're as dull-witted as Starbucks® thinks you are, you may not realize you've reached this site by mistake. You might've entered our address into your browser, thinking you'd somehow end up at anyway. So if you're looking for a cup of coffee with a mermaid on the side, you're in the wrong place.
Honor Your Spirit
This group is committed to supporting the children, single mothers and elders who are in need, first and foremost on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation. The aim of our projects is to provide help when requested, through trusted contacts only, and thanks to the generosity and solidarity of all those who care, no matter where they live.
INDIAN BURIAL AND SACRED GROUNDS WATCHThe Indian Burial and Sacred Grounds Watch web site exists as a tool for purveying and disseminating news on relevant issues which may appear on the internet and email lists. Its purpose is not to duplicate the efforts of others but hopefully to assist in the directing of individuals to items of interest. As many preservation efforts call for petition, letter and phone campaigns, the Indian burial and Sacred Grounds Watch web site has compiled a number of links to state and federal representatives, and other pertinent, potential contacts as an aid to individuals who would wish to pursue activism.
Inventory at the Natural History Museum of the Three Affiliated Tribes
This report provides an inventory and assessment of the human remains and funerary objects potentially affiliated with the Mandan and Hidatsa of the Three Affiliated Tribes (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) in the collections of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH).
In Whose Honor?
In Whose Honor? is a one-hour documentary that takes a critical look at the long-running practice -- and controversy -- of using American Indian mascots and nicknames in sports.
Katherine Siva Saubel
Katherine Siva Saubel is an internationally known Cahuilla scholar whose work on the history, literature, and culture of her people has appeared in numerous publications. In addition to making significant contributions in such varied fields as ethnobotany and linguistics, she helped to found the Malki Museum, the first non-profit tribal museum on a Native American reservation in California.
Kennewick Man
It started in July 1996 when two young boat-racing enthusiasts stumbled across a skull alongside the Columbia River in Kennewick, Wash. It has evolved into a skirmish between American Indians who believe nature should be left to take its course with the remains and scientists who want to study them
KOLA is a grassroots human rights organization which was founded in September 1987 near Red Scaffold, on the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation, South Dakota. In 1990, we opened the international campaign office in Brussels, Belgium.
Lakota Oyate Home Page
Adhering to traditional Lakota philosophy, as an extension of the group, this website will be a forum for grassroots Lakota people to share their views so voices from traditional tiospayes can be heard internationally without censor or misinterpretation. The purpose of this website is to inform and educate.
Language Development Institute
The American Indian Language Development Institute (AILDI) was founded in 1978 by Hualapai tribal educators, Native American parents, and experts in linguistics to help several Southwest tribes develop a written language and curriculum materials that reflect attention to Native American students' heritage, needs, and learning styles. According to the current project co-director, "It started simply to meet the needs of the community and to develop Native-language materials. The 1970s were a period of growth of Native American languages throughout our country. There needed to be materials written specifically for Native Americans."
Leadership for Change
Leadership for a Changing World seeks to recognize, strengthen and support leaders, and to highlight the importance of leadership in improving peoples’ lives. The program seeks to confirm that resourceful leaders are bringing about positive change in virtually every community. Through the inspiring stories of these leaders, our knowledge of how leadership of created and sustained will be deepened, and the variety of leadership that abounds in American communities will be demonstrated.
Leonard Peltier
Leonard Peltier is a Native American activist who has been imprisoned since 1977 in Leavenworth (Kansas) federal penitentiary for the deaths of two FBI agents that took place on June 26th,1975 during a shoot-out between the FBI and the American Indian Movement (AIM) on Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.
Main Index for American Indian Sports Team Mascots
"...[M]ascot came into English as a borrowing of the French word mascotte, meaning ‘mascot, charm.’ The English word is first recorded in 1881 shortly after the French word, itself first recorded in 1867, was popularized by the opera La Mascotte, performed in December 1880. The French word in turn came from the Modern Provençal word mascoto, ‘piece of witchcraft, charm, amulet,’ a feminine diminutive of masco, ‘witch.’ This word can probably be traced back to Late Latin masca, ‘witch, specter.’ ...." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition copyright 1992 by
Measure Your Attitudes
This site provides a test of attitudes regarding age, race, gender and self-esteem. Created by Anthony Greenwald and Mahzarin Banaji. Your responses are measured by your speed of associations. Most of us do have biases (preferences) that may conflict with our values. Biases can work invisibly and give us a tendency to treat others unfairly (with prejudice). By uncovering our biases, we can combat our prejudices more effectively.
Midwest Treaty Network
The Midwest Treaty Network is an alliance of Indian and non-Indian groups supporting Native American sovereignty.
Native Movement
Native Movement is a non-profit organization dedicated to Grassroots Awareness, Action, and Advocacy
Native Vote 2003 - Every Vote Counts
In recent years, American Indian and Alaska Native voters have begun to flex their muscle at the polls, demonstrating that they are a critical constituency throughout a number of key states. Politicians have taken note of this development, and many members of Congress have begun taking steps to woo the Native vote for 2004.
My Native Wisdom -- Stereotype Images
"My people, Native American Indians, have among the non-Indian American people, almost as many stereotypes as we have tribes: the stoic, the drunk, the savage, the noble red man, the meek "squaw", the proud princess, the pathetic Indian; all of these types drawn against the image of a nickel Indian profile or dreamworld valiant Pocahontas."
National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation
The establishment of the National Aboriginal Achievement Awards best exemplifies the efforts of the National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation to encourage and celebrate excellence in the Aboriginal community. In 1993 NAAF established the awards in conjunction with the the United Nation's International Decade of the World's Indigenous peoples. The awards recognize career achievements by Aboriginal professionals in diverse occupations. Now entering their eleventh year, these awards have become a Canadian institution.
The documents related to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act are organized in the five categories listed below. The date following a document indicates its publication date.
National Indian Gaming Association
NIGA operates as a clearinghouse and educational, legislative and public policy resource for tribes, policymakers and the public on Indian gaming issues and tribal community development.
Native American Holiday
United Native America was formed in 1993 as a nation wide grass roots movement to bring about a federal national holiday for Native Americans.
Native American Rights Fund
Indian lives are governed by hundreds of treaties, thousands of federal statutes, and numerous regulations and administrative rulings -- many of them which contradict each other. There must be resolution of these legal barriers if Indian people are to have any chance for an improved day-to-day existence. The Native American Rights Fund provides the necessary legal representation to Native American tribes and villages, organizations and individuals to help untangle the maze of laws impacting their lives.
Native American Veterans History Links
This site is full of links to sites dealing with our NA Vets and their history.
The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), founded in 1944, is the oldest, largest and most representative national Indian organization serving the needs of a broad membership of American Indian and Alaska Native governments. Our founding members stressed the need for unity and cooperation among tribal governments and people for the security and protection of treaty and sovereign rights.
The Northern California Indian Development Council, Inc. is a private nonprofit corporation that annually provides services to 14,000 to 15,000 clients statewide.
NDN Rights Project
The NDN Rights Project first and foremost is an American Indian Civil Rights organization made up American Indian students and student organization. In the furthering of its mission the Project seeks to unite often isolated American student organizations in cooperation, with the hope of supplying them with information and support that will allow them to be more effective both on their campus and in the local and national Indian community.
Night Walker Enterprises
Night Walker is dedicated to improving distressed conditions on Native American reservations while promoting dignity and pride in the Native American heritage, its traditions and spirituality.
1999 Mascot Retrospective
Plaintiffs in a lawsuit against the Washington, D.C. NFL team concerning its racially disparaging nickname win their case in a U.S. Patent and Trademark Office ruling.
Oceti Sakowin
La Framboise Island in the Missouri River - South Dakota Camp protests planned turnover of nearly 200,000 acres to the state.
Peace Corps-World Wise Schools
World Wise Schools is the multi-cultural educational program of the U.S. Peace Corps. It includes curriculum materials designed to "engage students in inquiry about the world, themselves, and others."
Redwire Headquarters are based in Vancouver BC. The uncensored mag has been around for 3 years. We now publish 2 different mags 4 times a year. One is an uncensored National magazine. The other is a BC-wide Native Youth Job-Infozine. We have a radio show and are on air 3 times a month.
Repatriation and Reburial Information
Many groups, especially indigenous peoples, have profound concerns about the ethical and respectful treatment of the dead by archaeologists, physical anthropologists and museums. The issue is complicated with concerns ranging from academic freedom to the rights of the dead. There is a continuum of opinion about these matters
Roberta Jamieson
Chief Roberta Jamieson is a member of the Mohawk Nation of the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory where she has lived throughout her life. As Chief, Commissioner, Ombudsman, and activist, she has thirty years experience in conflict resolution involving governments at all levels. She is a dynamic and highly skilled leader with a unique ability to succeed in complex political environments. Her expertise includes social justice, critical analysis, problem-solving, consensus building and organizational change.
Say NO to Racism
Racial discrimination and what you can do to combat it
Sequoyah Alumni Foundation
alumni of the Sequoyah Indian School, which the Cherokee Nation started for Cherokee orphans of the Civil War in 1872.
Seven Fires Foundation
The Seven Fires Foundation was born out of a deep commitment and desire to help our relations, preserve our ancient traditions and heal our Earth Mother. We are a vehicle for people of all faiths, colors and traditions to join together in mutual respect to address the problems that face us all. Together we foster ways of remembering and honoring the interconnectedness of all life.
SFSU Dept. of Anthropology NAGPRA Compliance Project
This web site is a product of the San Francisco State University and is part of a very comprehensive site on the subject.
The definitions provided below have been adapted from the text of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990
Sovereignty Run
The Sovereignty Run is a cross-country relay spanning twelve states, beginning in Washington State on September 11, 2002 and ending in Washington D.C. on October 7, 2002. The primary goals of the Sovereignty Run are to unite tribes and tribal supporters throughout Indian Country; to create sovereignty awareness and support on a national level; and to raise over $1,000,000 for the Tribal Sovereignty Protection Initiative.
Spirit of Peace
The vision was started by Robert Peele a native American Indian of the Haida Tribe. Roberts Haida name is Saaduuts which roughly translates to "awakening the spirit to all". It is his goal to bring awareness to us all through the log canoe. So the spirit of the 600 year old tree can continue to live in the world.
Welcome to The Spirit of Sovereignty Foundation
The Spirit of Sovereignty Foundation is a non-profit organization created by its parent entity, the National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA), to reward the educational goals of exceptional Native-American students. Started in 2000, the Foundation has awarded eleven scholarships to date to both undergraduate and graduate students. The organization is committed to generating scholarship funds, and welcome contributions of both time and money.
In response to an alarming increase in hate crime among youth, the Southern Poverty Law Center began the Teaching Tolerance project in 1991 as an extension of the Center's legal and educational efforts. Through the generous support of Center donors, Teaching Tolerance offers free or low-cost resources to educators at all levels.
Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
The Hunger Site Home - Donate Food for Free to Give to Feed Hungry People in the World
Since June 1999, over 1,000,000 free meals have been given to starving people across the world. And with a point and click of your computer's mouse, you can do the same!
Treaty News/Land Claims
This site from Canada is devoted to issues involving treaties and land claims.
Tribal Digital Village Project
The Tribal Digital Village in San Diego County, CA, is focused on wireless access and cultural preservation using Internet-based services.
2000 Mascot Retrospective
The National Education Association renewed its position on the use of racial mascots by passing yet another resolution.
Urban Inter-tribal Center of Texas
This nonprofit American Indian corporation works to improve the health and socioeconomic status of Indians who live in the Dallas/Fort Worth area.
Voices of the Wintercount
This site is dedicated to sharing the thoughts, ideas, and words of traditional Native American people. These are original, unedited comments by real people, taking a stand for their way of life.
Walking Shield American Indian Society
The mission of the Walking Shield American Indian Society is to provide educational and humanitarian support to American Indians living throughout the United States.

Of Warrior Chiefs and Indian Princesses: The Psychological Consequences of American Indian Mascots
Four studies examined the consequences of American Indian mascots and other prevalent representations of American Indians on aspects of the self-concept for American Indian students. When exposed to Chief Wahoo, Chief Illinwek, Pocahontas, or other common American Indian images, American Indian students generated positive associations (Study 1, high school) but reported depressed state self-esteem (Study 2, high school), and community worth (Study 3, high school), and fewer achievement-related possible selves (Study 4, college). We suggest that American Indian mascots are harmful because they remind American Indians of the limited ways others see them and, in this way, constrain how they can see themselves.


White Earth Land Recovery Project
The mission of the White Earth Land Recovery Project is to facilitate recovery of the original land base of the White Earth Indian Reservation, while preserving and restoring traditional practices of sound land stewardship, language fluency, community development, and strengthening our spiritual and cultural heritage.
Wilma Mankiller-Bio
Wilma Mankiller, former Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, lives on the land which was allotted to her paternal grandfather, John Mankiller, just after Oklahoma became a state in 1907.
Wilma Mankiller - Wife, Mother, Grandmother, Chief
"I want to be remembered as the person who helped us restore faith in ourselves."
Winona LaDuke
Winona LaDuke is an enrolled member of the Mississippi Band of the White Earth Anishinaabeg, She resides with her two children on the White Earth reservation in northern Minnesota. Along with her local work to restore the land base and culture of White Earth, LaDuke works in a national capacity as Program Director for Honor the Earth, providing vision and leadership for the organization’s Regranting Program and its Strategic Initiatives. She also serves as the board co-chair for the Indigenous Women’s Network.
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  Canku Ota is a free, bi-weekly, online Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law. Please read our privacy policy.  
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
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