Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
General Information
Insects and Spiders
Bison (Buffalo)
Mammals - Miscellaneous
Wolves, Foxes, Coyotes and Dogs
Plants and Trees
Reptiles and Amphibians
The Sky

General Information

25 Things You Can Do To Save Coral Reefs
In the United States, the Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is responsible for monitoring and maintaining the health of domestic coral reefs. But all of us can help, even if we don't live near a coral reef. To that end, NOAA offers twenty-five reef-saving activities ("Become a member of your local aquarium or zoo.") that will spur your own reef conservation ideas.
Adventures of Herman
Herman is a red worm that lives in a bin and eats his weight in garbage every day. Of course not just any garbage, but specifically fruit, vegetables, tea bags, egg shells, newspapers and coffee grounds. And as he eats, he leaves behind valuable castings that can be used as fertilizer in your garden. Learn all about him and his cousin the earthworm, and how to build a worm bin at home or your in your classroom.
Animals of the Arctic.
The world has many different animals. In the Arctic we have many animals that are unique to the north that we would like to tell you about
The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
We are a renowned zoo, natural history museum and botanical garden, all in one place. Explore our desert paths and you’re sure to encounter Gila monsters, hummingbirds, boojums, and much more amidst the beautiful Tucson Mountains.
ASU - Ask A Biologist
This site is designed and maintained by Arizona State University's Life Sciences Visualization Group, as an educational resource for students K-12 and their teachers.
Barnyard Webquest
This WebQuest takes primary students on a virtual field trip to a farm.
Bureau of Land Management Conservation
Welcome! This website is produced and maintained by the Environmental Education and Volunteers Group of the Bureau of Land Management (commonly called BLM). It presents learning opportunities associated with the 262 million acres of public lands that BLM manages for all Americans. We have gathered information for students, teachers and adult learners to use both in the classroom, in informal outdoor settings, or in "virtual" classrooms. We have included resources from many of our field offices scattered mostly throughout the Western United States. Explore this site and send us your comments, questions, and suggestions for improvement.
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Title 50--Wildlife and Fisheries
This site is one where can read the regulations that define the scope and purpose of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Canadian Endangered Species Word Search
Chesapeake Bay Biolide
Probably the most dramatic geological event that ever took place on the Atlantic margin of North America occurred about 35 million years ago in the late part of the Eocene Epoch. This was a time when sea level was unusually high everywhere on Earth.
Colorado State Parks for Kids
This web site has pictures that you can print and color, puzzles to solve, nature tips and other fun things to do. I hope you have fun browsing my site!
Composting for Kids
Kids (and parents too!) can learn composting basics in this simple slide presentation. Although the slide show completely skips over what kind of container to use, it excels at explaining how your compost recipe must include both brown stuff (dead leaves or newspapers for carbon) and green stuff (grass clippings or food scraps for nitrogen.) Best pages are those that show which commonly composted items contain the highest amounts of carbon and nitrogen.
Composting in Schools
Composting offers something for all ages. Elementary students will be fascinated by tactile experience, and teens can research the biology, chemistry, and physics of composting. Best clicks are those related to the science of composting: ideas for research projects, composting experiments and background information on microbes and invertebrates. Don't be fooled by the title of this site. It offers plenty to those interested in composting no matter where they do it. Got a problem with an existing compost? Take a look at the Troubleshooting Guide listed under Composting Outdoors.
Coral Reef Photobank
If you're in need of royalty-free coral reef snapshots for a school report (or any other non-commercial use) it's Coral Reef Photobank to the rescue. Click on any of the thumbnails in the geographically-organized gallery to view the annotation and copyright instructions (for example, most require a credit to the photographer.) After perusing the photos, visit the rest of the Coral Reef Information Network. Don't miss the printable PDF fact sheets listed under Tools & Resources.
CritterCam Chronicles -
This is not what you'd expect from a steadfast organization like National Geographic. They actually placed cameras on the backs of marine animals and caught their travels on film. You can even view some of the movies they made right here on the website! Sea turtles, sharks, seals and whales are featured here, and there's a good dose of technical information about the cameras themselves for junior scientists who want to learn more. Note - when you're done looking around check out the link on the Kitty Cam!
Critters for Kids
This is where you will find out about all of the animals, bugs, pets, and fish. From the tiniest bug to the largest mammal, and everything in between Critters hopes to cover it all.
"A desert is defined as a region that receives very little rainfall. It can be hot or cold. There are various types of deserts all around the world, from the harsh elements of the Sahara desert in Africa to the four deserts of the Southwestern United States." From the publishers of the, features seventeen desert animals. Each profile includes basic stats such as diet, habitat, size and description, appropriate for elementary school students but probably not detailed enough for middle-school animal reports.

Desert Museum: Sonoran Desert Fact Sheets
From Anna's Hummer (a green and red hummingbird) to the White-Winged Dove, the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum provides twenty-eight animal fact sheets, and another ten about desert plants. These are excellent for school reports, and include audio recording and fun facts about each creature. Did you know that javalinas are not pigs, but rather a New World peccary related to swine? Or that kangaroo rats have pouches, but they do not carry their young in them?

Desert USA: Desert Animals & Wildlife
There are nearly a hundred animal facts sheets at Desert USA, organized by class: mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and spiders. All include a description and a photo, and many include videos, animal trivia, and links to related articles. "The cottontail's tail functions as an alarm signal. When a rabbit raises its tail, the large white patch of fur on the bottom is exposed, serving as a warning signal to other cottontails."

Digital-Desert : Mojave Desert Wildlife
Digital Desert is the work of photographer Walter Feller, but it is not simply a Mojave desert photo gallery site, it also include gobs of articles about desert life. This section serves as table of contents, and you'll find links to information about Animal Adaptations, Desert Food Chain, Wildlife by Type, and Endangered Species. "Some Mojave animals have developed special physiological structures to enable them to regulate body heat. Mule deer and jackrabbits, for example, have large ears that are densely lined with shallow blood vessels, allowing air to cool their blood as it circulates."

Earth Day Bags Project
Welcome to The Earth Day Groceries Project, 2002 - one of the oldest and largest educational efforts coordinated on the Internet. Earth Day is on April, 22nd (a Monday this year), so it is time to get started for the big event!

Designed to inspire elementary and middle-school kids to become "life-long environmental stewards," EcoKids from Earth Day Canada uses interactive media to teach kids about their impact on the environment. The Games & Activities section is divided into topics such as Wildlife, Energy and Climate Change. And then further segmented by grade and difficulty level (primary, junior or intermediate.) Unfortunately the EcoKids Challenge is limited to entrants in Canada, but the rest of the site is universal.

This site has a comprehensive collection of field guides to plant and animal species, habitat guides, an ask-the-expert section, and more.
Endangered Earth
Endangered Earth is a source of information, pictures, and videos about many endangered species.

Environmental Literacy Council
The Environmental Literacy Council website is a huge library of K-12 lessons, articles and news about environmental studies, including subjects such as global climate change, biodiversity, energy, and land use. Topics can be accessed via the subject menu on the left-hand side, from the site map, or via the site search. Each article concludes with an outstanding collection of Recommended Resources, making this site a terrific first stop for further research and my pick of the day for middle-school and high-school students writing papers or doing science fair projects.

Environmental News Network
The web site is an online destination where users are able to access daily content on environmental issues and interact with others having similar interests.
The Field Trips Site
The Field Trips site has virtual tours on nature topics visiting some of the best sites on a subject. Teacher's resources are included. Trips include some old favorites like hurricanes and oceans, as well as new trips on rainforests, endangered species, and more.
Floating Copper
I often get a startled expression from people when I mention drift copper or float copper. They think: "Copper is dense - how can it float or drift? What is it floating or drifting on?" Drift refers to glacial drift, which is any sediment deposited as a direct or indirect result of glaciation.
Forest Service Fire and Aviation Management
Charged with responsibilities for managing wildland fire on over 191 million acres of national forest system land, and as major contributors to cooperators in all states of the union, including governments and commonwealths throughout the world, Forest Service Fire & Aviation Management is the premiere world leader in wildland fire management operations and research.

Franklin Institute Science Museum: Community Science Action Guides
These sixteen Community Science Action Guides (some for primary grades and others for secondary grades) were created by teachers to support student investigation into local science issues. They include planning resources, activities and ready-to-use material in topics such as water, energy and life science. For example, SWISH (Student Water Investigators Showing How) is a project outline for investigating water usage during toilet flushes and includes two separate tracks: one for middle school and another for high school.

GORP - Great Outdoor Recreation Pages - Outdoor…
Flyfishing ... Backpacking ... Camping Commandments ... Find family vacation and recreation ideas here!
Hilton Pond Center for Piedmont Natural History:
To conserve animals, plants, habitats, and other natural components of the Piedmont Region of the eastern United States through observation, scientific study, and education for students of all ages.

HippoCampus: Environmental Science
HippoCampus (from the Monterey Institute for Technology and Education) is a collection of educational videos arranged not by popularity (as on YouTube) but by topic as a outline for a high-school science class. In fact, the site contains a complete AP Environmental Science class, covering all the material outlined by the College Board as necessary preparation for the AP exam. In addition to the videos, there are labs, discussion questions, and chapter tests with answer keys.

How to Make Compost
How to Make Compost delivers exactly what it promises: two illustrated recipes for making hot and cool compost piles, as well as fact sheets on building or buying a compost bin. Hot composting will produce compost faster than cold composting, but does require more attention. Choose between them based on how much time you have to devote to your pile, and how soon you want results.
International Institute for Sustainable Development
For development to be sustainable it must integrate environmental stewardship, economic development and the well-being of all people—not just for today but for countless generations to come. This is the challenge facing governments, non-governmental organizations, private enterprises, communities and individuals.
Journey North 1999
Engaging Students in a Global Study of Wildlife Migration and Seasonal Change. Help track Spring
Kids' Planet

LiveScience: Environment
LiveScience is an online magazine with an extensive Environment section. Visit for articles, videos, image galleries, and quizzes. Here's a sample question from the "What's Your Environmental Footprint" quiz. "Is going vegetarian better for the Earth? Meat-eaters who switch to a plant-based diet save: 1) A few animals' lives, but not much else. 2) Over one hectare of land per ton of food . 3) Over 10 hectares of land per ton of food."

The Living Desert: Animals
The Living Desert in Palm Desert, California is a specialized zoo dedicated to preserving desert life. You can take a virtual tour with these animal and plant fact sheets, their photo gallery, and exhibit summaries. They also have a section on endangered desert species and cactus rustlers. "Taking desert plants from the wild is illegal, but their sculptural appearance and drought tolerance make them highly desirable. Many grow extremely slowly, so a good sized specimen can be a prized and expensive." Before you leave, be sure to stop by their kids' games page for printable coloring pages and interactive tile sliders.

Mikal Kellner Foundation for Animals
The Mikal Kellner Foundation for Animals is a unique nonprofit foundation dedicated to addressing the critical needs of animals, both domestic and wild. The foundation provides financial assistance to well-managed projects that promote animal welfare, prevent animal suffering, and provide clear and explicit improvements for animals.
National Wildlife Federation for Kids
For more than sixty years, the National Wildlife Federation has been a leader in environmental education, reaching out to the communities where children and adults live, work and play. Explore NWF's educational pathways to understanding, appreciating and safeguarding the natural world.
NatureShift! linking learning to life is a student and Internet-centered, standards-aware and curricula-based project focused on the interaction between the natural world and human society and history.
NatureSound Studio Doorway
Products and Services Featuring the Sounds of Birds, Frogs, Insects, and Mammals
Nexus Endangered Species Lesson Plans
A Joint Project of The Regina Public School Board and Saskatchewan Education
Night Animal Sound Game
Because we rely so heavily on our sense of sight, humans have always been afraid of the night. We hear unknown sounds and our imagination runs wild. In reality, most of the sounds out there are created by harmless animals. Learning to recognize these sounds will help us to feel more comfortable when we are out at night in nature.
Reef Education Network
Reef Education Network from the University of Queensland in Australia is my pick of the day. It's educational but not boring, and kid-friendly but not simplistic. Best clicks are the glossary and all the articles listed on the Contents page. Oddly enough there aren't any activities listed under Activities, but rather a feature on sharks. Free registration will get you a virtual notebook for collecting favorite links from around the site.
Salt Marsh Field Trip
Our virtual field trip on Salt Marshes offers all this AND makes it possible to take field trips without bumpy buses, long rides, and cold lunches. And with the Web-it's even possible to visit places we could never visit before. Our field trips site is devoted to on-line, virtual field trips that take you to places you've never been and teach you things you might not otherwise learn.
Seattle Zoo
See The Baby Elephant Born at The Seattle Zoo.
This site has very little to do with Native America in modern times.
But it so cute! You have to see it!
Signs of Spring
"Signs of Spring" Studies Now Underway!
Please report the unique "signs of spring" from your part of the world! Report your first singing frogs, earthworms, emerging leaves, flowing sap, melting ice--and other spring events. Monday's "Signs of Spring" updates will incorporate your sightings.
The Green Squad
The Green Squad teaches kids about the relationship between their schools and environmental and health issues. The site is designed primarily for students in fifth through eighth grade, but also offers information for younger and older students as well as parents and teachers.
The Hollow Earth
Perhaps some of the most bizarre scientific theories ever considered were those concerning the possibility that the Earth was hollow. One of the earliest of these was proposed in 1692 by Edmund Halley.
The Unnatural Museum - North American Lake Monsters
Loch Ness isn't the only lake with a reputation for a Monster. In North America many large, deep, cold water lakes have stories about monsters that go back to before the arrival of Europeans:
The Wild Rockies Slate
Thank you for dropping by the Wild Rockies Slate! The Slate brings you the best and most up to date information about environmental issues in the northern Rockies. The Slate supports the work of grassroots environmental organizations and activists as they strive to protect the resources that make the Wild Rockies so unique. Come on in!
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Our mission is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.
U.S.Fish & Wildlife Service: Education for Conservation
For students of all ages. Explore and learn about fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats and how you can help conserve, protect, and enhance them.
Vancouver Aquarium
Welcome to Animal Ark
A Wildlife Sanctuary where you can learn about some of your favorite animals.
Yucky Worm World
Wendell the Worm is the host for "yuckiest site on the Internet." In Worm World he explains the worm's role in recycling dead plants. Highlights are the instructions on constructing a worm bin from plywood and the interview with Mary the Worm Woman. Mary is not a cartoon figure (like Wendell) but the author of "Worms Eat My Garbage." You can read the transcript, listen to an audio snippet, and view a video of Mary in her worm bin.
WILDCARE is a non-profit organization dedicated to caring for injured and orphaned wild animals and reducing human impact on nature by enhancing awareness, appreciation, and protection of wildlife through rehabilitation and public education.
Kids Go Wild
The Wildlife Conservation Society, headquartered at the Bronx Zoo in New York, offers this site full of fun activities and information about animals and conservation for children.
Wildlife of the Rocky Mountains Photographs
This website presents the wildlife and nature photography of some of North America's best photographers. It is presented for your viewing pleasure and to encourage conservation of wildlife and the habitat on which wild species depend.
Wild Ones
The Wild Ones provides a place where students and teachers around the world can share information about endangered species and habitats and develop a positive attitude about helping to preserve them.
WWF: Living Planet Report 2002
While the state of the Earth's natural ecosystems has declined by about 33 per cent over the last 30 years (see Figure 1), the ecological pressure of humanity on the Earth has increased by about 50 per cent over the same period (see Figure 2), and exceeds the biosphere's regeneration rate. These are the main conclusions of the Living Planet Report 2000, based on two indices, the Living Planet Index (LPI) and the Ecological Footprint.
World Wildlife Fund for Kids
The Kids area provides educational and fun materials for users of all ages. From WWF Fact Sheets, to teachers guides, to pointers to the fun areas of the site for the younger cohorts, this section has it all.
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  Canku Ota is a free, bi-weekly, online Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law. Please read our privacy policy.  
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