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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
We Are Navajo
We hope to create a hopeful, inspiring and welcoming space for mind, body and spiritual growth. We believe Navajo's should be the healthiest people in the world! But many need the tools, resources, and inspiration to do so. We Are Navajo was designed to do just that:
White Earth Nation
All Indian tribes have names for themselves. The largest Indian group in Minnesota calls itself Anishinaabe, which means "the original people." Europeans named them Ojibwe. No one is exactly sure how this name developed. Perhaps it came from the Anishinaabe word "ojib," which describes the puckered moccasins worn by the people. Some Europeans had trouble saying Ojibwe, pronouncing it instead as Chippewa. But both these names refer to the same people. In Canada, the Anishinaabe call themselves Ojibwe. In the United States, many tribal members prefer the name Chippewa. So that is the name we will use in this history of White Earth Reservation.
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
Before European contact, the members of the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla people were 8,000 members strong. Our people lived in the Columbia River region for more than 10,000 years, moving in a large circle from the lowlands along the Columbia River to the highlands in the Blue Mountains to fish, hunt and gather food.
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Interested in astronomy? Backyard stargazing is a simple first step. Experts advise us to learn the sky with the naked eye before investing in a pair of binoculars, and don’t rush to buy a telescope. More great advice can be found online in these marvelous sites.
Our thanks to Learn the Constellations
"If you're a newcomer to amateur astronomy, eager to begin exploring the night sky, you'll have to overcome one of astronomy's biggest hurdles -- learning to identify the constellations." This article is part of their Astronomy for Kids section. It takes you across the sky, starting with the northern sky and the Big Dipper. Did you know that the Big Dipper is not actually a constellation? It is an asterism, and is part of the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation.
Astronomy for Kids: Beginners
Every click is a winner at Rick Morris' Astronomy for Kids, where "grownups are welcome, too, as long as they promise to behave." I recommend starting with Beginner's Corner, for tips on learning the rhythm of the sky, and Sky Maps, for timely advice on what to look for in the sky this month. But don't miss the seven planet word searches in Puzzles, and for oodles of good stuff for school reports, visit Planets.
Earth and Sky: Tonight
Ever wish you had an experienced astronomer standing by your side to guide you to the nightly show? Now you do. Meet Deborah Byrd, Skywatching columnist. "Each day's segment is designed to guide your eye to something you can see that night, or the next morning before dawn. It might be a constellation, a star, or a planet. Or it might be a celestial event, such as an eclipse." In addition to this feature, teachers and lower-elementary kids have their own sections, accessible from the lunar menu at the top of each page.
Ology: Astronomy: A Kid's Guide to Stargazing
"Planets look a lot like bright stars, so telling stars from planets can be tricky. One clue is that planets don't twinkle like stars, although it's sometimes hard to see the difference." Ology offers up a great advice for kids and families, including tips on keeping a Sky Journal to record what stars and constellations you saw on what date.

Sky and Telescope: Stargazing Basics
"How good an astronomer you become depends less on your instrument than on building your knowledge and skills." To get the most out of backyard stargazing, start with this collection of eight articles from Sky and Telescope magazine. Highlights include Words Ya Gotta Know (from arcsecond to zenith) and Understanding Celestial Coordinates (exactly what are declination and right ascension?) Best clicks are the two printable ten-page guides "Getting Started in Astronomy." To find a copy for your hemisphere, look for the link at the bottom of Your First Steps in Astronomy.

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Units of Measurement
What do inches, pints, centimeters, degrees, kilobytes and seconds all have in common? They are units of measurement. Learning when to use which unit, and how to convert from one to another is this week’s topic.
Our thanks to
Convert Me
Convert Me has "interactive calculators for many measurement systems both commonly used like metric and U.S. Avoirdupois and quite exotic like Ancient Greek and Roman." These calculators allow you to specify significant figures (which determines how much rounding is done), a feature not found on other sites. To use, first select the type of unit such as Weight and Mass, or Distance and Length. Enter the measurement you want to convert from (such as 1.5 pounds) and click Convert. You'll get the conversion in all available units, such as .68 kilograms, 18 Chinese taels and 53 old Russian lots. Measurement Worksheets offers digital resources to support teachers, home schoolers, and students. These nearly 400 measurement printables are organized by grade and subcategories such as Comparing Measurements, Units of Measurement and Measuring Volume. To download these worksheets, you will need to sign up for a free account with your email address. Additional resources (such as lesson plans) are available with a paid membership.
K5 Learning: Measurement Worksheets
"Our measurement worksheets begin with the concepts of size comparison (e.g. "longer vs shorter") and measuring in non-standard units ("The pencil is 3 erasers long") and progress to measuring length, weight, capacity and temperature in customary and metric units." Select a grade level from kindergarten to grade 6, and then choose from sub-topics such as Converting Inches, Feet, and Yards or Which Object is Heavier or Lighter?
Online Conversion
Online Conversion is the most comprehensive of today's calculator sites, covering over 5,000 units and 50,000 conversions. Some of the unique units include computer measurements (bit, byte, kilobyte, and so on), cooking (drop, dash and pinch), and acceleration (celo and decigal.) To use, select the units you want converted from and to (such as knot to mach) from the drop-down lists. Results are rounded to seven decimal places. In the Fun Stuff category, you'll find Roman Numeral conversion, a Pig Latin translator, typing speed test and much more.

Teach-nology: Measurement Worksheets
In addition to measurement conversion worksheets, Teach-nology offers comparisons (such as greater than/less than with units of time), reference charts, and measurement word problems. "It was twenty nine degrees before it started raining and temperature dropped by ten degrees. What is the temperature after rain?"

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2021 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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