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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
SRI International
We are a 75-year pioneering research institute with a rich history supporting government and industry. SRI International (formerly Stanford Research Institute) is organized around broad disciplines and capabilities, from research and development divisions and labs to groups who excel at identifying new opportunities, developing products and creating custom solutions. Our organization is driven by impact— delivering unique solutions for the world’s important challenges and transforming ideas into reality for clients are partners.
Education Development Center (EDC)
When equal expression, opportunity, and supports exist for all people, society can reach its full potential. Individuals are empowered. Communities can create enduring solutions to pressing problems. Nations can foster peace.
Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women USA
MMIW USA’s number one mission is to bring our missing home and help the families of the murdered cope and support them through the process of grief. We give them hands-on support and guidance and if we don’t have the answers, we get the answers so that these families do not feel abandoned and alone in this struggle like so many have before them. Our broader goal is to eradicate this problem so that the future generations thrive.
First Nations Development Institute
First Nations is the most highly-rated American Indian nonprofit in the nation, meeting strict criteria of top charity watchdogs.
Osage Nation Cultural Center
To ensure the survival of the Wahzhazhe nation of people, we will share, preserve, and celebrate the values, teachings and tribal ways that our elders entrusted to the present and future generation. Our Strength will come from the commitment of our Wahzhazhe people and the knowledge that the Wahzhazhe nation is blessed by Wa-Kon-Da.
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Scientific Evidence
Scientific evidence is data gathered by the scientific method of experimentation in support of or against a hypothesis. To further validate scientific research, before publication in most scholarly journals, scientific research is reviewed by a panel of experts to determine if it meets scientific standards. This process is called “peer review.” With so many clickbait headlines about public health issues in today’s media, it is important to be able to distinguish between scientific evidence, anecdotal stories, misinformation, and opinions. Another important concept to understand is the difference between correlation (two things that happen together) and causation (one thing causes the other thing). The observation that ice cream sales and homicide increase at the same time (correlation), does not mean that buying ice cream causes murders (causation). I hope you find these resources helpful.
Our thanks to
Compound Interest: A Rough Guide to Types of Scientific Evidence
Compound Chem is primarily a chemistry site, but this article is applicable to all fields of science. It starts with an excellent graphic describing seven types of scientific evidence. "Before discussing the two primary types of evidence, it’s worth discussing the outlier: anecdotal evidence, or an expert’s opinion. An example of anecdotal evidence would be someone relating a tale of how they experienced a reaction after ingesting a particular type of food or medication. Whilst anecdotal evidence can act as a precursor to scientific investigation, in isolation it is often considered dubious. Perhaps surprisingly, an expert opinion on a particular topic is considered to be at the same level as anecdotal evidence."
McGill: Why Oh Why Do Scientists Keep Changing Their Minds?
"Headlines may make you think scientists don’t know anything and keep changing their tune, but there are many reasons behind this vexing perception." Terrific article listing a handful of reasons why science reporting can be so confusing. The conclusion is that although scientists so sometimes disagree with each other, the problem is usually the result of poorly done studies, hype in the reporting of results, or interest groups purposely creating fake controversies to spread doubt and confusion.
Sense about Science: I Don't Know What to Believe
"This booklet explains how scientists present and judge research using the peer review process, and how the public can make sense of science stories." Click on the red button to download the "I don't know what to believe anymore" PDF. How can you tell if reported science news is based on research that was peer reviewed? It can be difficult, but usually articles based on peer-reviewed studies will have a bibliography that lists the researchers' names, the name of the journal, the edition number of the journal, and the year it was published.
UC Berkeley: Science Relies on Evidence
From University of California, Berkeley, this article is part of their excellent Understanding Science 101 series. It focuses on why evidence and testing are central scientific concepts. "Ultimately, scientific ideas must not only be testable, but must actually be tested – preferably with many different lines of evidence by many different people. This characteristic is at the heart of all science."

UC Berkeley: Untangling Media Messages and Public Policies
Another great article from UC Berkeley's Understanding Science 101 site. This one addresses how to evaluate confusing media messages and public policies. "Media representations of science and science-related policy are essential for quickly communicating scientific messages to the broad public; however, some important parts of the scientific message can easily get lost or garbled in translation. Understanding the nature of science can make you a better-informed consumer of those messages and policies."

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2021 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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