prepare to enter the TSA Screening area in November 2013 at
Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City. [Oklahoman Archives
Security officials at Will Rogers World Airport will soon modify
the way they handle sacred Native American objects following a federal
Transportation Security Administration agents at the Oklahoma
City airport must avoid touching religious objects whenever possible
and must place them in bins without other items, under guidelines
set to go into effect by late March.
The change follows a lawsuit by the Native American Church of
North America which was founded in Oklahoma but is now based
in South Dakota and an incident in 2015 involving its former
president, Sandor Iron Rope.
As he prepared to board a flight at San Antonio International
Airport, Iron Rope carried with him instruments sacred to his religion:
a gourd rattle, a staff, an eagle feather, an eagle-bone whistle
and a feather fan.
Members of the Native American Church believe spiritual energy
is preserved within certain religious items and may only be handled
by followers of that faith. When handled by those outside their
faith, the spiritual energy within the items can be lost or polluted.
According to a lawsuit filed last February, Iron Rope informed
TSA agents of the fragile relics in his carry-on bag and asked that
agents not handle them. The agents ignored this request "and proceeded
to physically touch and roughly handle" the objects.
Iron Rope filed the lawsuit, claiming his First Amendment right
to practice his religion was violated, along with his Fourth Amendment
protection from unreasonable search and seizure and Fifth Amendment
right to equal protection under the law.
Last month, Iron Rope and the Native American Church reached
a settlement with the TSA. Under the agreement, TSA officials at
Will Rogers and four other American airports will follow the new
'Whole lot better'
Eugene Blackbear Jr., a member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes
and Native American Church, flies out of Will Rogers often with
sacred objects in his peyote box, a wooden container used by adherents
of the Native American faith for the transportation of relics.
"It will be a whole lot better if the TSA person just asks the
Native American Church member, 'Can you please open your box and
show me your items?'" Blackbear said. "They can just look at them.
They don't even need to touch them."
Blackbear, an acquaintance of Iron Rope, compares the handling
of church relics by TSA to invasions of privacy. "How would you
like it if I just walked into your house and sat down and helped
myself to your icebox and turned the TV on? It's like that," he
Blackbear has had only one negative experience at Will Rogers
World Airport, he said, and it was resolved before any sacred objects
were touched. He said TSA agents in Oklahoma City typically know
what a peyote box is and decline to question him about its contents.
Agents need to learn about Native American Church practices,
he said, and Blackbear has volunteered to host an orientation at
the airport. The legal settlement requires the TSA to produce a
video with Iron Rope and church members that will explain the new
guidelines. It will be shown to TSA employees at 10 airports.
"TSA will abide by the terms and timeline of the settlement
agreement," said Carrie Harmon, an agency spokeswoman.
"TSA respects the rights of all passengers during the security
screening process," she added. "If a passenger has religious, cultural
or ceremonial items that require special handling, please inform
the TSA officer prior to the screening of those items."
The new guidelines instruct TSA agents to "not challenge or
question the sincerity of a traveler's professed religious beliefs"
or "contact law enforcement to investigate lawful peyote possession
or transportation by followers of Native American religions."
The church won the legal right to use peyote, a controlled substance,
in 1978. In 1990, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled states can deny unemployment
benefits to Native American Church members who are fired for violating
state prohibitions on peyote.
Forrest Tahdooahnippah, the lead attorney for Iron Rope, said
he expects more church members will fly, rather than drive, to their
destination due to the lawsuit and settlement.
"The fear of a negative experience was a deterrent to travel,"
Blackbear agreed, saying, "I think a lot of them didn't travel
because of this.