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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Welcome to the Yurok Condor Program
The Yurok Condor Reintroduction Initiative is now in the final stages of the required, formal process associated with returning the culturally invaluable species to the heart of its historical range. A National Environmental Policy Act project review, which began in January, 2017, is the last hurdle before condors can be reintroduced into the Tribe’s ancestral territory. A favorable NEPA document will pave the way for the Tribe and its partners to build a release facility and release a managed flock of birds into the wild.
Seneca-Iroquois National Museum
The Seneca-Iroquois National Museum proudly houses an extensive collection of Hodinöhsö:ni’ historical and traditionally designed decorative and every-day-use items and archaeological artifacts. SINM, along with the Seneca Nation Archives Department, are the safe keepers of historical documents, including articles, special publications, historical and family photographs and various multi-media productions regarding the Onöndowa’ga:’ and Hodinöhsö:ni’.

LRInspire is a movement that seeks a warrior’s clarity based in spiritual reality. As Indigenous people we have survived attempts at wiping out our cultural identity, social systems, health, wellness, and ultimately our dignity. We must meet our challenges head on to move our people into the future, on our terms. We are defeating and preventing diabetes, substance abuse, suicide, and other challenges.
Have you ever had a question about Choctaw traditional culture, lifeways, or history, but not been able to find the answer? "Iti Fabvssa", is a monthly column in the "Biskinik" (Choctaw Nation newspaper), written by staff members of the Choctaw Nation Historic Preservation Department, which answers questions from readers about anything within these subject areas. Through this column we ultimately hope to create a conversation through which, Choctaws can increase our knowledge about the past, strengthen our Choctaw, and develop a more informed and culturally grounded understanding of where we are headed as a people in the future.
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Easy Christmas Cookies
I do not bake cookies. When my kids were younger they had a hard time accepting this, but eventually they figured out that they could make cookies themselves! For all the bakers at your house (whatever their ages), here are some easy, kid-friendly cookie recipes. Have a safe and happy holiday season!
Betty Crocker: Christmas Cookies to Make with Kids
"From red and green chocolate chip cookies to sugar cookie cut-outs, these are the easy Christmas cookies we look forward to making every year." There are only ten recipes here, but I like this collection because you can see the cookies on this one page, without having to scroll through a slideshow. Visit to check out Easy Reindeer Cookies, Christmas Candy Cane Cookies, and the Snow-Capped Christmas Tree Cookies.
Kids Activities Blog: 75 Cookie Recipes We Adore
This is a giant collection of 75 cookie recipes. How many years will it take you to try them all? "One of our family's Christmas traditions is making a big platter of cookies and handing out small plates filled with goodies to our neighbors. The kids LOVE it and even though it is several weeks away they are already planning on the types of cookies they want to make."
Mrs. Claus' Kitchen
Mrs. Claus' twenty-five recipes are divided into three categories: Elf Bedtime Snacks, Santa's Favorites, and Reindeer Cravings. All her recipes are easy and full of kid-appeal. For example, did you know reindeer love wormy apples? You can make them by spreading peanut butter on apple slices, and topping with yummy, gummy worms. Most of these recipes don't even require baking! When you're ready to leave the kitchen, there's lots to explore in the rest of Santa's Village.
My Recipes: Christmas Cookies for Kids
My Recipes includes several unique recipes, such as Wreath Cookies made from shredded wheat cereal, and Christmas Cookie Puzzles made by punching shapes into 4" dough squares that are still hot from the oven. "Choose cutters with simple shapes; they're easier to handle and less likely to break. If you want to make small puzzles, cut dough into 4-inch squares, and use a single cookie cutter to punch out the center of each square while still hot from the oven." Mrs. Claus' Cookbook
At the, Mrs. Claus has been very busy collecting and sorting holiday recipes from all of her friends, so her cookbook has hundreds of recipes. Focusing on sweets (with four out of six categories) her collection includes Creamy Chocolate Truffles (which actually look pretty easy), Two Minute Microwave Fudge and Microwave Peanut Brittle. Each recipe can be emailed to a friend; and the link to send Mrs. Claus your own recipe is on the cookbook start page.

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Popcorn is fun to make, healthy to eat, and a great ingredient for science experiments. Whether you are entertaining preschoolers or teaching middle-schoolers the scientific method, you’ll find what you’re looking for in these popcorn pages.
Exploratorium: Popping Popcorn
"As a popcorn kernel is heated, water and oil inside the seed heat up and soften the surrounding starch. The surrounding shell is so tough that the water can’t escape when it initially boils into steam. As the steam gets even hotter, the water molecules move even faster and pressure builds up inside the seed. When the seed coat bursts, steam cooks and fluffs the starch molecules as it's released. At some point, the pressure gets so high (up to seven times normal pressure!) that the seed coat bursts." Visit Exploratorium to learn more about popcorn science, and try the "Every Last Popcorn" activity linked to at the bottom of this lesson.
Jolly Time Popcorn Kids Club
Start with this huge recipe collection (Peanut Butter and Maple Gourmet Popcorn, anyone?) , and then explore The Story of Popcorn (look for Virtual Museum below Our Family in the main menu). Popcorn started as street food, but the invention of the electric popcorn machine made it a movie theater staple. Later, in the 1930's, radio advertising brought popcorn making into the home.
Kid Activities: 31 Fun Popcorn Games and Activities
From Popcorn Relay Races to Popcorn Trivia, Kid Activities brings us a varied list of 31 popcorn games and activities. "Corn was first grown about 7000 years ago in the highlands of central Mexico, and by the first century B.C. was a staple crop of all the agricultural peoples in the Americas. One of the first uses of corn kernels was for popping. Archeologists found some popped corn in a bat cave in New Mexico that was 5,600 years old."
Love to Know: Science: Experiments with Popcorn
"Popcorn is unique from the other three types of corn in that its hull is thinner which is why it can break open. Popcorn makes a great experimental material for kids because it's readily available and fascinating to all." After enjoying these three popcorn experiments (Temperature Comparison Experiment, Popcorn Matters, and Grow Popcorn), you can explore the site's related experiments and articles.

Popcorn Board: Fun Facts
My popcorn pick of the day is published by the Popcorn Board, an association created to increase popcorn sales. From the very first pop to the very last kernel, there is fun behind every click. Best educational nuggets are found in the Encyclopedia Popcornica, where you can explore the hows and whys of popcorn science, history and trivia. "Americans consume 17 billion quarts of popped popcorn annually or 58 quarts per man, woman and child. It is one of the most wholesome and economical foods available."

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Supreme Court
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the land, and the only court specifically created by the Constitution. It consists of nine justices, appointed for life by the President, who weigh in the meaning of laws and whether or not they violate the Constitution.
CNN: The Nine
This CNN section is an archive of recent Supreme Court news items. Peruse them to learn more about the kind of cases the Supreme Court hears, and current issues that are being debated now.
Ducksters: Judicial Branch: The Supreme Court
"There is a hierarchy of federal courts in the United States. At lowest level are 94 U.S. District Courts which cover different regions of the country and handle most federal cases. Above the District Courts are the 13 Courts of Appeals. At the top of the Judicial Branch is the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court has the final say." Read this article or listen to it, and then take a ten question quiz about the Supreme Court. Milestone Cases
These twelve Supreme Court decisions are the ones most frequently referenced in popular media. They include Plessy v. Ferguson (the case that asserted separate railroad accommodations for blacks did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment), Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ( which struck down "separate but equal" racial segregation in public schools) and Roe v. Wade (the case that legalized abortion.) Each decision is summarized with a single paragraph and is linked to a longer encyclopedia article.
Oyez Oyez Oyez
The Oyez project takes its name from the phrase (pronouced "o-yay", "o-yez" or "o-yes") used to call the courtroom to order, and is my pick-of-day site. Start with the amazing, virtual tour; you'll feel as if you are standing at the lectern arguing a case. Other highlights include Oyez Baseball, an interactive quiz that compares baseball players to Supreme Court Justices (I'm not making this up), and the databases of justice bios and court cases. And last, but not least, you can hear the Marshall of the Supreme Court announce the arrival of the justices with the audio clip on the FAQ page of the About Oyez section.

U.S. Supreme Court
The official U.S. Supreme Court site has oodles of educational material (downloadable in Adobe Acrobat PDF) in the About the Supreme Court section. Skip the Brief Overview (which only lists hours and other administrative details) and jump into The Court as an Institution, The Court and Its Traditions, The Court and Its Procedures and The Court Building. Biographies of the current justices, and a listing of all past justices, are also found here. A fabulous photo gallery and info for D.C. visitors wanting to hear oral arguments await you in Visiting the Court.

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2020 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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