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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Coconino Community College Foundation
The vision of the Coconino Community College Foundation is to be a self-sustaining entity that provides support and leadership through community relations, advocacy and fundraising for Coconino Community College.


American Indian College Fund
The American Indian College Fund (the College Fund) provides scholarships to American Indian and Alaska Native students attending tribal colleges and universities. The College Fund also provides a limited number of scholarships to undergraduate and graduate students attending accredited public and non-profit private colleges across the United States.

National Institute of Anthropology and History
The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) investigates, preserves and disseminates the archaeological, anthropological, historical and paleontological heritage of the nation in order to strengthen the identity and memory of the society that holds.
Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS)
The Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS) has been connecting Arctic research since 1988. Because of its regional nature, Arctic research often cuts across multiple disciplines, organizations, nations, and populations. ARCUS provides intangible infrastructure to support the formation and enhancement of connections across these boundaries, working toward a more holistic understanding of the Arctic.
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The Flu
Influenza, also known as the flu, is a viral infection marked by fever, headaches, muscle aches and a cough. This year’s flu season has hit the ground running, with many more cases and deaths reported much earlier in the season (which runs from November to March) than recent years. Learn more at this week’s mix of sites, some created just for kids, and others for learners of all ages.
CDC: About Flu
Although there are no kids' sections here, high school students (and their parents) will find a treasure trove of information here at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) influenza site. Learn key facts, how the flu spreads, answers to common questions, and more. "How do flu vaccines work? Flu vaccines cause antibodies to develop in the body about two weeks after vaccination. These antibodies provide protection against infection with the viruses that are in the vaccine."
KidsHealth: Flu Center
"The enemy sneaks up on you so quietly that you don't even know it's there. Then BAM! Before you know what hit you, influenza (say: in-floo-en-zah) has made you sick, sick, sick!" Written just for elementary-age kids, KidsHealth tells us what the flu is, how you get it, and what to do if you get it. Learn more by clicking on any of the hyperlinked words, such as virus or fever. Related topics, like Who Needs a Flu Shot?, can be found on the orange More Articles Like This tab.
NFID: Influenza
For high-school students and adults, the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) presents a rigorous look at influenza. The Influenza Virus chapter includes fascinating information on how viruses are named, a cool schematic, and an explanation of how viruses are tracked worldwide. For those writing school reports, the site includes an extensive link section (click on More Information.) The entire document is also available as a PDF download, making it easy to print or distribute electronically.
PBS: American Experience: Influenza 1918
The influenza outbreak of 1918 killed over 600,000 Americans "until it disappeared as mysteriously as it had begun." Created as a companion site to the PBS film of the same name, it includes features not found in the movie, and a teachers guide. As you read through the material, contrast the ways in which the public health officials of 1918 tried to combat the spread of the infection ("chew food carefully and avoid tight clothes and shoes") with today's efforts.

Science News for Students: New Ways to Fight the Flu
"Every year, between 5 percent and 20 percent of all Americans come down with the flu. Those numbers come from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in Washington, D.C. Complications send more than 200,000 of these flu victims to the hospital each year. Worse, the flu kills anywhere from 3,000 to 49,000 people annually – and that's just in the United States." This article includes a glossary, a word search puzzle, and links to additional articles via Explainer buttons, such as "What is a virus?"

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Total Lunar Eclipse
A total lunar eclipse happens when the Earth’s shadow blocks the sun’s rays that usually reflect off the moon. This happens when the sun, earth, and moon are aligned in a straight line. For those in North America and the Hawaiian Islands, the 2018 total lunar eclipse will be visible before sunrise on January 31. For those in the Middle East, Asia, Indonesia, Australia and New Zealand, this lunar eclipse will happen after sunset on January 31.

Ducksters: Lunar and Solar Eclipses
"A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes through the Earth's shadow. Lunar eclipses have the same three phases or types as solar eclipses including the umbra (total), antumbra (annular), and penumbra (partial)." Ducksters offers a introduction to eclipses, a ten-question quiz, and links to related topics, such as the solar system and space exploration. Lunar Eclipses for Beginners
"An eclipse of the Moon (or lunar eclipse) can only occur at Full Moon, and only if the Moon passes through some portion of the Earth's shadow. The shadow is actually composed of two cone-shaped components, one nested inside the other." In the outer cone (known as the penumbral zone) the earth only blocks some of the sun's light. In the inner cone (the umbral shadow), all of the sun's light is blocked. Mr. Eclipse is my pick-of-the-day site. Visit to learn about lunar eclipses and how to photograph them.

NASA: What is an Eclipse
This article is part of the NASA Knows! series for grades 5-8. "A total lunar eclipse occurs when the moon and the sun are on exact opposite sides of Earth. Although the moon is in Earth's shadow, some sunlight reaches the moon. The sunlight passes through Earth's atmosphere, which causes Earth's atmosphere to filter out most of the blue light. This makes the moon appear red to people on Earth."

Sky and Telescope: January's Total Lunar Eclipse
This article includes a map illustrating which parts of the world will be able to see which parts of the January, 2018 total eclipse. It also has a time table of eclipse events for EST, CST, MST, and PST. For example, Penumbra is first visible at 6:20 a.m. EST, but the total eclipse will not be visible to anyone, anywhere in the EST time zone.

Time and Date: What Is a Total Lunar Eclipse?
"The Moon does not have its own light, but shines because its surface reflects the Sun's rays. Eclipses of the Moon happen at Full Moon, when the Sun, Earth and Moon are aligned to form an exact or an almost straight line." In addition to this introductory article, there is a calendar of upcoming total lunar eclipses, and links to related additional articles such as What Is the Penumbra?

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Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) was an American poet and short-story author, known as a master of the macabre, but also credited with pioneering work in the detective genre and science fiction. Born in Boston, MA, Poe was orphaned at an early age. The cause of his death at age forty has never been determined, and is the subject of much speculation.
Biography: Edgar Allan Poe
"While he never had financial success in his lifetime, Poe has become one of America's most enduring writers. His works are as compelling today as they were more than a century ago. An innovative and imaginative thinker, Poe crafted stories and poems that still shock, surprise and move modern readers." In addition to an introductory article, this Poe biography includes one feature-length video, and six short films.

Edgar Allan Poe Museum
"The Poe Museum provides a retreat into early 19th century Richmond where Edgar Allan Poe lived and worked. The museum features Poe's life and career by documenting his accomplishments with pictures, relics, and verse, and focusing on his many years in Richmond." Although not all the exhibits are online, reasons for a virtual visit include a Poe biography, family tree, selected works, genealogical records from the Poe family bible (in Museum Treasures) and an interactive quiz (under Educational Resources.)

Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore: Collected Works
"A comprehensive collection of e-texts of all of Poe's prose and poetical writings, from the original sources and with multiple versions as revised during his lifetime – includes poems, tales, sketches, essays, literary criticism, letters and miscellanea."

PBS: Edgar Allan Poe: Buried Alive
"Born in Boston on January 19, 1809, Poe was the son of professional actors. Soon after his father deserted the family, his mother died of tuberculosis, orphaning him at age three. Separated from his brother and sister, he went to live with a well-to-do family in Virginia." This full-length PBS documentary is available online, as well as a Poe timeline and a behind-the-scenes discussion of making the film.
Although best known for his creepy, scary tales, "Edgar Allan Poe also wrote stories about adventure on the high seas, buried pirate treasure, and a famous balloon ride. Poe invented the detective story with tales like 'Murders in the Rue Morgue' and 'The Purloined Letter'. Sherlock Holmes and other fictional detectives would later be based on the characters that Poe created." Focusing on Poe's short stories and poems, offers story summaries, quotes, a glossary of vocabulary words, a Poe biography and timeline.

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Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolutionary War when it was signed (in Paris) by King George III and representatives of the newly formed United States of America on September 3, 1783. The Confederation Congress ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784, which is now known as Ratification Day.

Celebrate America: Timeline for American Independence
To help understand all the events that led up to the Treaty of Paris, here is a timeline. On October 19, 1781, British General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Viriginia. This was the last major battle of the war. Yet the treaty that ended the war wasn't officially ratified until 1784. Visit this timeline to understand all the events in between.

Ducksters: The Treaty of Paris
Nearly two years after the last decisive battle of American Revolution, a peace treaty was negotiated in Paris, France by three Americans: Ben Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay. "King George III ratified the treaty [of Paris] on April 9, 1784. This was five weeks after the deadline, but nobody complained." This Ducksters lesson includes a ten-question quiz, links to related topics, and an audio version.

History: Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris provided British recognition of American independence, and gave America the rights to all territory east of the Mississippi. offers an excellent summary article, and a handful of related videos about John Adams and Ben Franklin, but none directly about the Treaty itself.

Library of Congress: Web Guides: Treaty of Paris
"After the British defeat at Yorktown, peace talks in Paris began in April 1782 between Richard Oswald representing Great Britain and the American Peace Commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams." This Web Guide is a listing of all the online Library of Congress exhibits related to the Treaty of Paris. Highlights include the Treaty itself, congressional publications from 1774 to 1789, George Washington's papers, and Thomas Jefferson's papers.

Our Documents: Treaty of Paris (1783)
"Many treaty documents can be considered as originals. In this case, for example, the United States and British representatives signed at least three originals, two of which are in the holdings of the National Archives." Visit to marvel at a handwritten duplicate of the actual Treaty of Paris, which is also available as a downloadable PDF.

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2018 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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