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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Cerebral Palsy Guidance
Cerebral Palsy Guidance was created to provide answers and assistance to parents of a child with cerebral palsy. Our goal is to reach as many members of the cerebral palsy community as possible, building up a network of support, as well as providing necessary assistance.
Onondaga Nation
The Onondaga Nation is a member of the Haudenosaunee (“People of the Long House”), an alliance of native nations united for hundreds of years by traditions, beliefs and cultural values. Also referred to as the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations, the Haudenosaunee consist of the Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, Onondaga Nation’s and Tuscarora nations.
Great Law of Peace Center
The Skä•noñh – Great Law of Peace Center is a Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Heritage Center focused on telling the story of the native peoples of central New York. The history is told through the lens of the Onondaga Nation and covers topics such as Creation, European Contact, The Great Law of Peace, and more. The Onondagas, or People of the Hills, are the keepers of the Central Fire and are the spiritual and political center of the Haudenosaune.
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Named from two Greek words meaning “terrible lizard,” dinosaurs first appeared about 220 million years ago, and then disappeared rather suddenly 63 million years ago. Dinosaurs capture our imagination in many different ways. Their tremendous size, their fearsome looks, and the mystery of their extinction are but a few of the dinosaur wonders worth pondering.
Dino Buzz
"To be truthful, the unfortunate fact about the popularity of dinosaurs is that the science that it is based on occasionally is obscured by the fantasy that surrounds it." From the Museum of Palenotology at the University of California, Berkeley, Dino Buzz dispels some common myths and explores dinosaur debates such as What Killed the Dinosaurs? and Hot Blooded or Cold Blooded? They also include a handful of excellent links to resources both on site and off site.
"The term 'Dinosauria' was invented by Sir Richard Owen in 1842 to describe these 'fearfully great reptiles,' specifically Megalosaurus, Iguanodon, and Hylaeosaurus, the only three dinosaurs known at the time." Start with "things to keep in mind about dinosaurs" to learn a few facts that may surprise you. For example, most dinosaur experts consider birds to be dinosaurs, and popular culture confuses the subject further by calling "everything big and dead" a dinosaur.
PBS Kids: Dinosaur Train
"Dinosaur Train embraces and celebrates the fascination that preschoolers have with both dinosaurs and trains, while encouraging basic scientific thinking skills as the audience learns about life science, natural history and paleontology." Join Buddy and his adopted dinosaur family as you learn interesting things about paleontology and life science. In addition to the website, there is a free smart-phone app for on-the-road learning and fun.
Science Kids: Dinosaur Facts for Kids
"Dinosaurs ruled the Earth for over 160 million years, from the Triassic period around 230 million years ago through the Jurassic period and until the end of the Cretaceous period around 65 million years ago." Visit Science Kids for a dozen general dinosaur facts and even more facts about individual dinosaur genera and species, such as Tyrannosaurus Rex and Velociraptor. You'll find these listed in the right-hand column.

Smithsonian: Dinosaurs
How do scientists identify dinosaur footprints? How do we know what dinosaurs looked like? How do we know that pterosaurs flapped their wings? This nine-part online exhibit from the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History asks and answers many dinosaurs questions for high schoolers, college students, and other curious grown-ups.

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Geologic Time Scale
The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system used by Earth scientists to organize the timing of events in Earth’s history. The largest defined unit is the supereon, which is composed of eons. Eons are divided into eras, which are further divided into periods, epochs and ages. Because there is a relationship between these time frames and the Earth’s layers of rock, there are corresponding terms (eonothem, erathem, system, series, and stage) that refer to the matching layers of rock.
Fossils Facts and Finds: Geologic Time Line
For middle-school students, this site introduces the GTS with a clickable chart. Most of the eras and periods are linked to detail pages for a deeper look. "As a reference tool, you can easily note the sequence of the various divisions and the length of each unit of time. Just like the layers of the earth, the top divisions of the chart represent the most recent time. Moving down the chart, you go further and further back in time." Geologic Time Scale
Unlike hours in a day, the time intervals on the GTS are not of equal length. "Instead the time intervals are variable in length. This is because geologic time is divided using significant events in the history of the Earth." For example, the Permian and Triassic periods are divided by a "global extinction in which a large percentage of Earth's plant and animal species were eliminated." In addition to the smallish graph embedded on this page, there is a printable PDF of the GTS for downloading.
National Geographic: Prehistoric Time Line
This interactive, clickable timeline starts in Precambrian time. You can navigate through it with either the slider, the next/previous buttons, or by clicking on any event that catches your eye. "Earth was created between 4.5 and 4.6 billion years ago, when our solar system took shape around the sun. Born from exploding stars called supernovae, the new star gathered a swirling disk of dust and gases around it. As the sun heated up, this orbiting matter accumulated, and successively larger bodies collided to eventually create protoplanets with their own gravitational pull."
Science Views: The Geologic Time Scale
"The Earth carries the history of geological events in its rock layers. It follows that the oldest layers are at the bottom and the youngest are at the top. With this understanding geologists are able to determine the ages of rock relative to one another." This vertical GTS table includes links to detail pages about the eons and periods. Be sure to scroll down to see the whole table.

UCMP: Geologic Time Scale
This colorful GTS takes you on a "journey back through the history of the Earth." There are also links to articles about plate tectonics, and origins of the GTS. "The first people who needed to understand the geological relationships of different rock units were miners. Mining had been of commercial interest since at least the days of the Romans, but it wasn't until the 1500s and 1600s that these efforts produced an interest in local rock relationships."

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Halloween Recipes
Fun Halloween food is just one of many ways to enjoy the spooky holiday with friends and family. Whether you are looking for ideas for a healthy family dinner before trick-or-treating, or an entire buffet to entertain costumed friends, the following illustrated recipe sites will surely satisfy your Halloween recipe cravings.
365 Halloween: Halloween Recipes with Pictures
"Halloween food is largely about the visual appeal, that's why all of our recipes come with pictures. Every spooky, gross, creepy, and healthy recipe has been tested and given thumbs up by our panel of ravenous ghouls (a.k.a. hungry friends and family)… so you know it will be good." Web developers Lauren and Sean share their passion for Halloween with this fun site. Visit to snag recipes for stuffed intestines, bleedy cake, spooky slaw, and spicy bruised bugs.
Allrecipes: Halloween Recipes
"Allrecipes has over 540 Halloween recipes and food ideas including cookies, cupcakes and cocktails. Find cute or creepy goodies to feed your Halloween fun." Ever wonder what to do with leftover candy? How about making some candy bar popcorn, or a peanut candy bar cake? Just look in the Leftover Candy Recipes category for these ideas (and many more.)
Britta: Halloween Recipes
Britta ("Webmistress of the Dark") reveals recipes for dozens of her Halloween specialties, along with a photo archive of her annual Halloween shindigs. "You can see in the photos that over the years of being a Halloween Hostess, I have not only created more recipes, but also added spooky signs describing what my eerie edibles are, which I think adds to the fun. How else would anyone know they were eating scabs, not just dried cranberries? ;)"
Free-n-Fun Halloween: Recipes
"Cast a spell on your Halloween party with a spooktacular spread of frightfully fun eats that will have everyone screaming for more!" Published by the Oriental Trading Company, this site is chock-full of illustrated recipes such as Monster Munch Popcorn, Eyeball Donuts, Spiderweb Cookies and Apple Monster Mouths. They are available online as well as in a printable PDF format that includes a 3×5 inch recipe card.

Katherine Marie Photography: Gross-ology
Ewww! Bloody band-aid cookies! Actually, I love them. Very clever, and so easy to make. To round out her Gross-ology collection, photographer Katherine Marie also brings us A Pint of Blood, Rat Tails, Scabs + Pus, and Toe Jam. These spooky treats are so easy to make, they don't even include instructions, the photos explain it all.

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Halloween Crafts
Boo! It’s time for all things creepy and spooky. Are you ready for Halloween? This week’s picks of clever do-it-together craft projects are sure to get you in the Halloween spirit.
All Kids Network: Halloween Crafts for Kids
"These Halloween crafts for kids will appeal to kids of all ages and, as always, we have made every one of them in our own home to ensure that they are child friendly and fun! We hope you enjoy them as much as we do!" I liked this craft collection because they all seemed quite doable. For example, the Floating Ghost is made from an old t-shirt and Elmer's Glue, and has just a few steps.
Art Projects for Kids: Halloween
This collection of Halloween art projects goes beyond "crafting" to include painting, drawing and other arts. Some that caught my eye include Cubism Costume (drawn with pastels Picasso-style on a brown paper grocery bag), and the Symmetrical Pumpkin (cut out from black and orange construction paper).
Busy Bee Kids Crafts: Halloween Crafts
"Easy and inexpensive kids projects to add some 'scary' and 'spooky' to your celebration!" Visit Busy Bee Kids Crafts for two dozen illustrated craft projects (for ages two and up) and last, but not least, a whole slew of Halloween printables including coloring pages, mazes, word search puzzles, mad libs, and dot-to-dots.
Disney Family: Halloween Crafts
"Trick-or-treaters can get into the spirit with these spooky Halloween crafts, ghostly Halloween decorations, and scary Halloween house decorations." Spoonful has Crafts for Kids (about midway down the page) as well as ideas for Yard Decorations, Pumpkin Carving, and Front-Door Decor. The crafts you see listed under each heading are just the tip of the proverbial iceberg. For more projects, click on the heading itself.

Pinterest: Jean Van't Hul: Halloween Crafts and Ideas
Next up, Pinterest! Pinterest should always be on your go-to list for crafts, because it is a visual medium, it's a natural place for people to curate their favorite craft projects from all over the web. This Halloween craft collection is from Jean Van't Hul, of the Artful Parent, who describes herself as "passionate about children's art and creativity."

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2016 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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