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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Osage Nation Museum (ONM)
It is the mission of the Osage Nation Museum (ONM) to foster the education of the public about the history, culture, and artistic expressions of the Osage people by preserving and developing collections as well as through exhibitions and educational programs that nurture creativity and encourage active learning.
Office of Native Hawaiian Relations
The Office of Native Hawaiian Relations was authorized by Congress in Public Law 108-199 on January 23, 2004, and in Public Law 104-42 on November 2, 1995. The Office discharges the Secretary's responsibilities for matters related to Native Hawaiians and serves as a conduit for the Department’s field activities in Hawai?i.
National Endowment for the Arts (NEA)
Established by Congress in 1965, the NEA is the independent federal agency whose funding and support gives Americans the opportunity to participate in the arts, exercise their imaginations, and develop their creative capacities. Through partnerships with state arts agencies, local leaders, other federal agencies, and the philanthropic sector, the NEA supports arts learning, affirms and celebrates America’s rich and diverse cultural heritage, and extends its work to promote equal access to the arts in every community across America. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the National Endowment for the Arts and the agency is celebrating this milestone with events and activities through 2016. Go to to enjoy art stories from around the nation, peruse Facts & Figures, and check out the anniversary timeline.
Buffalo Field Campaign
Buffalo Field Campaign (BFC) is the only group working both in the field and in the policy arenas to stop the harassment and slaughter of America’s last wild buffalo.Formalized as a 501(c)(3) nonprofit in 1994, we also protect the natural habitat of wild free-roaming bison and other native wildlife, and stand with First Nations to honor the sacredness of wild buffalo.Our primary goal is to create permanent year-round protection for bison and the ecosystem they depend on—including respect for the migratory needs of this long-exploited and clearly endangered species.
Introducing the Indigenous Law Portal
At the recent American Association of Law Libraries Conference, Jennifer Gonzalez, Jolande Goldberg and I had an opportunity to unveil a new Indigenous Law Portal. The Indigenous Law Portal brings together collection materials from the Law Library of Congress as well as links to tribal websites and primary source materials found on the Web. The portal is based on the structure of the Library of Congress Classification schedule for Law (Class K), specifically the Law of the Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (Classes KIA-KIP: North America).
Cool Green Science
Welcome to Cool Green Science, the conservation science blog of The Nature Conservancy.Conservation science can help answer some of the most compelling questions out there — questions that have profound implications for the quality of our lives and for all other life on the planet. The Nature Conservancy’s 600 scientists are solving some of conservation’s biggest challenges: investigating the future of sustainable hydropower, challenging conventions about wildlife’s effect on food safety, and harvesting the power of giant clams for solar energy.
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Counting Money
Pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters: can you count them? Can you give change? Money-counting skills require practice, and these online money-counting games make it fun.
ABCYa: Counting Money
"Practice counting money and collect fish for the aquarium!" This game has 3 variations: count to 99 cents, count to 10 dollars, and count to 100 dollars. Additionally, each variation can be played at a beginner or expert level. Scroll down below the game to see three more money games (Dolphin Feed, Learning Coins and Money Bingo.)
Aplusmath: Money Flashcards
"How much money is here?" Aplusmath's interactive money-counting flash cards present one problem at a time, using dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels and pennies. If you prefer an interactive worksheet with ten, twenty or fifty problems on a single screen, visit instead. On both pages, the coins and bills are laid out in order from pennies to dollar, making it a little bit easier to count them than if they were scattered randomly.
FunBrain: Change Maker
Earn money in a virtual piggy bank by calculating change. "If you get the answer correct, the amount of change is added to your piggy bank. If you get the answer wrong, the correct amount of change is subtracted from your piggy bank. The more money you get in your piggy bank, the harder the questions will get." Change Maker has four levels of difficulty (including Big Spender with purchases over $100) and five currencies: American dollar, Canadian dollar, Mexican peso, English pound and Australian dollar.
Kahn Academy: Count Money (US)
"What is the total value of the coins below?" "Renee has 777 one dollar bills, 111 five dollar bill, and 444 ten dollar bills. How much money does Renee have in all?" Get five answers correct answers in a row to earn points! There are also two tutorial videos to watch: Counting Dollars, and Counting American Coins.

Math Fact Café: Money Worksheets
Want printable money worksheets? You've found the mother lode! Select from four problem types (find total, find missing coin, multiple choice, and count the coins), then choose which coins to include (from pennies to half dollars), and a difficulty. Difficulty ranges from easy ("worksheet has the least amount of coins for each problem") to wow ("worksheet has the largest number of coins in each problem").

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U.S. Treasury
The Department of the Treasury is part of the United States federal government. The Treasury prints and mints all paper money and coins, collects federal taxes, and manages government debt. It was established by an Act of Congress in 1789 to manage the new country’s money. The first Secretary of the Treasury was Alexander Hamilton. The current Secretary of the Treasury is Jacob J. Lew.
Alexander Hamilton Exhibition: Treasury Secretary
As the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, "Hamilton consolidated America's debts and paid them fairly, established a modern financial system, and argued for an economy that included manufacturing as well as farming. He also cautioned America against supporting the French Revolution. These policies won him the enmity of his former ally, Madison, and of Thomas Jefferson." Visit this online exhibition for a detailed timeline of Hamilton's term as the Treasury's first leader.
Bureau of Engraving and Printing: How Money is Made
"Currency production at the BEP is quite different from its beginnings in 1862, which consisted of a handful of people separating notes with a hand-cranked machine in the basement of the Treasury building." Each lesson is presented as slideshow, with a link to learn more. The stories of the individual notes ($1, $2, and so on) are listed in the left-hand navigation column. Treasurer of the United States
Meet Rosie Rios, the 43rd Treasurer of the United States, in office from August 6, 2009 to July 8, 2016. In this video (and transcript) Rios explains her job. "I oversee the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and the U.S. Mint. So it's where we produced the coins. And where we produce the money. Coin and currency really represent one of the last ways that we can preserve our history and our American tradition. Every note has a story. If you look on the back of currency, you'll see that there's a building and on the front, you'll see that there's a picture of a notable person in our history."
Treasury Direct: Kids
What is debt? How do Treasury securities work? What are bonds? These are just a few of the questions you'll find answered by the folks from the Bureau of Fiscal Service. "Even before the United States was founded in 1776, debt existed. Paying for the American Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783) was the start of the country's debt. Some of the founding fathers formed a group and borrowed money from France and the Netherlands to pay for the war."

US Mint: H.I.P. Pocket Change
History in your Pocket (H.I.P.) is an educational site about coins, created by U.S. Mint. "With coins, we literally carry the past in our pockets. But most of us seldom stop and think about the historical riches at our fingertips. This site aims to change that! As we discover the hidden stories behind our coins, we can develop a fascination that can last a lifetime."

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Dot-to-dot puzzles, also known as connect-the-dot pictures, are a terrific printable activity for little ones just learning to count or to recite the alphabet. And with a coloring picture as a fun reward, who can resist them?
AZ Coloring: Hard Dot-to-Dots
Although not for the pre-K crowd, I included this unique resource because most of the puzzles have more than 100 dots and no pre-drawn lines! The puzzles aren't titled, so you won't know the subject until you start working on it. But each puzzle includes user ratings (one a scale from one to five stars) and a handful are labeled as "Popular."
Coloring-Page: Connect the Dots
These forty-four printable connect-the-dots puzzles are all numeric, no alphabet games included. The coloring pictures are very cute and the numbers range from 1-10 to 1-120. But in order to find out how hard each picture is, you will need to click through to open it. To print the puzzle without the ad, don't use your browser print function. Instead, click on the image, and as long as you have JavaScript enabled, a print dialog box will open.
Dot to Dot Puzzles
Dot to Dot Puzzles is my pick of the week because of the size of their collection (510 printable puzzles) and the consistent quality of their pictures. The puzzles are all numeric, and organized by categories such as Animals, Flowers, Sports or Toys. The largest puzzle goes up to forty dots, but these are intermingled with the simpler ones, so you'll just have to browse to find what you need. In addition to the free one-at-a-time downloads, Dot to Dot offers a $9 option to download the entire collection all at once.
Kids R Crafty: Dot-to-Dot
Kids R Crafty has a nice collection of numeric and alphabetic dot-to-dot puzzles, including capital and lowercase letters. What I like best about the site is that each puzzle is clearly labeled with the numbers or letters included. And it's the only one of today's sites that includes puzzles for counting by twos, fives or tens. Other preschool activities on the site include printable coloring pages, mazes, shapes, letters and numbers.

Print Activities: Number Dot-to-Dot Printables
Nicely organized by theme and labeled with the numbers included, this collection includes one puzzle with more than a hundred dots. Visit for the seasonal and holiday themes (Valentine's Day, St. Patrick's Day, Easter, Mother's Day, Father's Day, Halloween, and Christmas) and the unusual alphabet puzzles. These alphabet puzzles are numeric dot-to-dots done in the shape of each lower and uppercase letter. For example, lowercase "a" is a 1-20 puzzle, while uppercase "A" is a 1-10 puzzle.

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How to Write an Essay
Essay writing is an essential skill you will need all your life, not only in school. This week’s picks are for students from grade six through college, and cover not only report writing, but also answering essay questions.
Capital Community College: The Five-Paragraph Essay
"A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay. It is not the only format for writing an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills." This online lesson includes a sample essay, where each of the paragraphs is described and analyzed.
Basic Guide to Essay Writing
"Don't let the thought of putting pen to paper daunt you. Get started!" Homeschooling mom Kathy Livingston includes sample essays in her eight-step approach to essay writing for middle-school students. She advocates a diagram (or mind map) to organize ideas that becomes the basic structure for your essay and will lead you into the creation of your thesis statement. "The thesis statement tells the reader what the essay will be about, and what point you, the author, will be making."
Harvard College Writing Center: Strategies for Essay Writing
For college students, and advanced high schoolers, Harvard College Writing Center explains how to structure an essay so that it answers the what, how and why of your subject matter. "Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative."
Online Writing Lab: Writing Essays for Exams
Brought to you by Purdue University Online Writing Lab, this lesson starts with a question. "What is a well-written answer to an essay question?" A well-written exam essay is well focused, well organized, well supported and well packaged. It then continues with dozens of essay writing tips such as how to use common writing devices including providing details, examples, comparisons, classification, or examination of cause or effect. It even lists useful transition words such as: yet, similarly, though, despite, however, conversely, next, subsequently, and so on.

Writing Den: Essays
Designed for students in grades six through twelve, this section of the Writing Den introduces parts of an essay, how to write an essay, and eight kinds of essays: definition, classification, description, compare/contrast, sequence, choice, explanation, and evaluation. "In a compare and contrast essay, you write about the similarities and differences between two or more people, places, or things. You can organize the essay by writing about one subject first and then comparing it with the second subject. A more effective way is to organize the essay by comparing each subject by category."

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2016 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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