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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Native American Scholarships
Native American engineering scholarships (American Indian and Alaska Natives) help to support the most underrepresented group in engineering. Native Americans constitute 0.7 percent of the overall population, and 0.9 percent of both school-aged (nine-to-17-year-old) and college-aged (18-to-24-year- old) individuals, yet only account for 0.4 percent of all engineering bachelor’s degrees earned in the U.S. Native Americans are also the most underrepresented group in the engineering workforce, as they comprise only 0.2 percent of engineering faculty and 0.3 percent of employed engineers. To address this issue, NACME had awarded 726 Native American scholarships since our founding in 1974.
Institute of Museum and Library Services
The Institute of Museum and Library Services is the primary source of federal support for the nation’s 123,000 libraries (link is external) and 35,000 museums. Our mission is to inspire libraries and museums to advance innovation, lifelong learning, and cultural and civic engagement. Our grant making, policy development, and research help libraries and museums deliver valuable services that make it possible for communities and individuals to thrive.
“Carlisle Journeys: Celebrating the American Indian Sports Legacy”
The Carlisle Indian Industrial School (CIIS), the first U.S. Government off-reservation school for American Indian Children, was located at the Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, PA and operated from 1879 – 1918. The Carlisle Indian School left an indelible mark upon the sports that Indigenous Americans have played over the past century and a half. Like the school itself, Carlisle’s legendary athletic teams and rigorous training programs influenced the complex legacies that used sports as a kind of propaganda tool and at the same time modeled the success of the track and football teams for other off-reservation boarding schools.
Cherokee Preservation Foundation
The Cherokee Preservation Foundation’s mission is to preserve our native culture, protect and enhance our natural environment, and create appropriate and diverse economic opportunities in order to improve the quality of life for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) and our neighbors in western North Carolina.
Jones-Bowman Leadership Award Program
The Jones-Bowman Leadership Award Program makes financial awards to undergraduate college students committed to developing their leadership skills. The program honors the memory and leadership of Principal Chief Leon Jones and Mr. James Bowman, who were founding members of the Board of Directors of Cherokee Preservation Foundation.
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How to Make Slime
Whether you call it slime, flubber, oobleck, goo, goop, gak, gunk, ooze, putty, or play dough, we are talking about gooey, homemade polymers that can provide both hours of fun and an introduction to chemistry.
About Chemistry: Slime Recipes
Anne Marie Helmenstine, PhD is's chemistry guide, but you don't need a PhD to follow her recipes for a bouncing polymer ball, electroactive slime, fake snot (eww!), Metamucil flubber, or glow-in-the-dark slime. I was fascinated by her illustrated Floam recipe. "Floam is like slime with polystyrene beads in it, that kids can mold into shapes. You can sculpt with it or use it to coat other objects. You can store it to reuse it or allow it to dry, if you want permanent creations."
Bizarre Labs: The Page that Dripped Slime
Non-Newtonian fluids sometimes behave like liquids and sometimes like solids, thereby defying easy categorization. Quicksand, gelatin, and ketchup are a few examples of non-Newtonian fluids. So is the slime recipe presented here, along with explanations of some of the science principles at work. "The thing that makes this particular slime work is the bonding of polyvinylacetate (PVAC) molecules by the Borax (sodium tetraborate). The molecules (polymers) are long to begin with, and they are tangled, which is why the glue is so viscous." Recipes: Slime
Normally I visit for dinner recipes, so I was pleasantly surprised to find that they also house dozens of recipes for slime, silly putty, goop, and play dough. Simply use the search box to find them. Most of these slime and putty recipes are just for play, but you will find edible treats (such as Green Slime made with lime Jello, lemon pudding, evaporated milk and soda crackers) hiding among the craft recipes.
Kid Activies: Goop, Gak, Slime & Fun Recipes
Although most of these recipes lack photos, there are more than fifty varieties of goo, gak, slime, and play dough here. Additionally, at the bottom of the page, you'll find tips for adding variety to your goo. "For color you can add food coloring, Kool-Aid or fruit-flavored gelatin. For scent, you can add lemon oil, peppermint oil, or vanilla extract."

Kid Science: Slime & Polymers
"The Slime we made is just a demonstration of how certain polymers are effected by other chemicals, such as 'cross-linkers.' Polymers are used in nearly everything these days, such as most kinds of plastics, nylon, and clothes. You can sometimes spot a polymer by it's name: if it ends in -on, like nylon or rayon, it can be a polymer." This page from Household Science for Kids has one slime recipe and a good explanation of the science behind it. You'll find another recipe on their Iso/Thixotropy page, which you'll find on the main horizontal menu.

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Despite the common misconception that “chemical” means toxic and is the opposite of natural, chemistry is the study of all substances (natural and man-made, toxic and non-toxic). It involves the identification of the building blocks of matter, and the ways they change.
American Chemical Society: Adventures in Chemistry
With online games, science experiments, animated video lessons and printable handouts, the American Chemical Society offers elementary and middle school students a fun hands-on introduction to chemistry. Topics include Secret Science of Braces, Diapers - the Inside Story, Soda Pop, Gum, and Flames.
Khan Academy: Chemistry
"This may be your first time taking chemistry, but chances are you know a lot already from observing the world around you. We will be covering the material in a first year introductory high school or college general chemistry course." Videos (and transcripts) are arranged by topic, with a Table of Contents for a typical introductory chemistry class. Kahn also offers a video-based guide to AP Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry.
Periodic Table of Comic Books
Now class, open your comic books. Today we are studying the periodic table — and not just Superman and krypton, either. From hydrogen (H) to lawrencium (Lr), clicking on most of the elements in this periodic table will transport you to a comic strip reference. "I know you have no nerves, but my stinger injects a chemical compound of the world's most potent elemental poisons . . . from lead to arsenic, to chlorine, krypton, selenium, and strontium." This very creative approach puts the fun back in chemistry. Don't miss it.
Rader Studios: Chem4Kids
"So you're asking, what is chemistry? Well . . . here's our best definition. Chemistry is the study of matter and the changes that take place with that matter." Written in a fun, conversational style, this fabulous site can be navigated in several ways. Jump right to the subject that interests you (is it Elements, Reactions, or Matter?) or navigate through the most important pages of each subject with the Guided Tour. The tour can be found on the Key Topics page, along with a glossary and profiles of famous chemists.

Royal Society of Chemistry: Periodic Table
"The Royal Society of Chemistry's interactive periodic table features history, alchemy, podcasts, videos, and data trends across the periodic table." Click the tabs to explore each section, and then on the individual elements for details. "Some see hydrogen gas as the clean fuel of the future – generated from water and returning to water when it is oxidized. Hydrogen-powered fuel cells are increasingly being seen as ‘pollution-free' sources of energy and are now being used in some buses and cars."

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Kindergarten Readiness
August is “Get Ready for Kindergarten” month for almost two million American kids who will be entering kindergarten in the fall. Today’s collection of websites include a mix of online and offline activities for parents to do with their preschoolers. But remember, although worksheets and online games are fun, reading out loud to your child is the single best way to prepare your kids for school and learning.
ABCYa!: PreK
Created by an elementary school teacher, ABCYa! provides free, online Flash games for use in a web browser, and paid apps for your phone or tablet. The Pre-K collection includes games such as Alphabet Bingo, Birthday Candle Counting, Connect the Dots, and Letter Tracing.
Count Us In
This collection of fifteen number games from the Australian Broadcasting Company is terrific; I only wish they had more descriptive titles, and some sound or music. For counting beginners, games one, five and eight are my favorites. All the games are available for free download, so they can be played offline on either a Mac or Windows computer. For a description of each game, click on the yellow "games" menu item.
Kids Learning Station
Kids Learning Station offers hundreds of free printable worksheets for preschool and kindergarten, including Basic Concepts, Reading, Shapes, Colors, Numbers, Writing, Alphabet, and Math. The worksheet thumbnails take a few seconds to load when you visit a category page, so just take a deep breath and have a bit of patience.
Nick Jr: Beyond the Backpack
Beyond the Backpack is an educational initiative from Nickelodeon to help parents prepare their preschoolers for kindergarten with interactive Dora the Explorer games. Start by taking the quiz rating your child's readiness in four areas: language, social/emotional, math, and physical/wellness. Based on your answers, you'll then get a customized learning plan for your child which includes multimedia video and interactive Dora games. As your child progresses through the games, they'll earn virtual stickers to keep them motivated.

Scholastic: Countdown to Kindergarten
This two-page checklist for preschool parents starts twelve months before kindergarten, with the suggestion to visit kindergarten programs in your community to find out what's available. It continues through the first couple of weeks of kindergarten with this advice. "Take your time making the transition. Every child will respond differently. Work with the teachers to help yours adjust."

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Killer Whales
The killer whale (also known as an orca) is a marine mammal and the largest member of the dolphin family. They are found in all the world’s oceans, both cold (Arctic Ocean) and warm (Indian Ocean). Killer whales are social mammals that live in family pods. Their diet varies from fish to marine mammals, depending on where they live. Killer whales are at the top of the food chain, as there is no animal that preys on them.
American Cetacean Society: Orca (Killer Whale)
Cetaceans are an order of marine mammals that includes whales, dolphins, porpoises and narwhals. The American Cetacean Society is a non-profit devoted to protection, public education, and research. "The orca, or killer whale, with its striking black and white coloring, is one of the best known of all the cetaceans. It has been extensively studied in the wild and is often the main attraction at many sea parks and aquaria." Visit for more orca details including feeding, mating, and natural history.
CBS News: Killer Whales
CBS News teaches us about killer whales with an annotated, 23-photo slideshow. Simply use the left and right arrows to traverse from one slide to the next, or click on the gallery icon to see a grid of thumbnails. "Killer whales have long been the subject of fascination. In recent years, however, they have also become the subject of much debate, as news reports and critically acclaimed documentaries examine the potentially averse effects of captivity on these majestic animals."
IP Factly: 15 Facts About Killer Whales
"Did you know that killer whales are the top predator in the world's oceans? Or that some scientists consider them to be smarter than chimpanzees? Or that they have been around for roughly eleven million years?" From one to fifteen, here are the facts you need to get you started on your animal report.
Live Science: Orcas: Facts About Killer Whales
"Orcas are known for their long dorsal fin (the fin on the animal's back) and black-and-white coloring. Just behind the dorsal fin is a patch of gray called a saddle — because it looks like a riding saddle. An orca's body is cylindrical and tapers at both ends to form an aerodynamic shape." Visit Live Science for their orca facts, followed by a list of additional online resources.

NPR: SeaWorld Agrees To End Captive Breeding Of Killer Whales
"SeaWorld's treatment of its killer whales, or orcas, was put in the spotlight three years ago by Blackfish, a documentary that examined the death of SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau, who was killed by an orca named Tilikum." After a long campaign by critics, Sea World has agreed to stop breeding captive killer whales, and phase out killer whale shows (also known as Shamu shows). Learn all about it at NPR.

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Berlin Wall
In 1945, after World War II, Germany was divided by the victors into two countries. East Germany was controlled by the communist regime of the Soviet Union. West Germany was a democracy supported by the U.S. The former capital city of Berlin, although it was entirely within East German borders, was also partitioned in two. In 1961, the East Germans erected a 103-mile barrier to separate East Berlin from West Berlin. The Berlin Wall blocked free access in both directions for twenty-eight years. In November 1989, the Wall was opened, and East German citizens could once again travel without restriction to the West.

Berlin Wall Memorial
Located in the middle of the city, the Berlin Wall Memorial "contains the last piece of Berlin Wall with the preserved grounds behind it and is thus able to convey an impression of how the border fortifications developed until the end of the 1980s." You can visit it virtually, via video, photographs, and articles that cover everything from the construction of the wall, to its fall and eventual demolition.

Berlin Wall Online
"Checkpoint Charlie was Berlin's best known crossing point between West and East Berlin near by the inner Berlin sector boundary between 1961 and 1989." Berliner (and photographer) Heiko Burkhardt offers a look at the Berlin Wall in both English and German. His site includes Facts, Sites, Wall Graffiti Art, FAQ, Maps, and a Timeline.

Google Arts & Culture: East Side Gallery
"The East Side Gallery is the largest open air gallery in the world. In the period from February to September 1990, 1316 meters of the Berlin Wall in the East Berlin Mühlestraße were painted with images. More than 118 artists from 21 countries created 106 unique motives, expressing the joy of the fall of the Berlin Wall on 9 November 1989 and the end of the Cold War in Europe."

History: 10 Things You May Not Know About the Berlin Wall
Who can resist lists? This one offers ten interesting facts about the Berlin Wall, brought to you by "3. The Berlin Wall was actually two walls. The 27-mile portion of the barrier separating Berlin into east and west consisted of two concrete walls between which was a 'death strip' up to 160 yards wide that contained hundreds of watchtowers, miles of anti-vehicle trenches, guard dog runs, floodlights and trip-wire machine guns." Unfortunately, the introductory video is no longer available.

PBS Newshour: Kennedy and Reagan at the Berlin Wall
On June 26, 1963, in the shadow of the Berlin Wall, President John F. Kennedy delivered a speech that paid tribute to the Berliners' quest for freedom. The crowd roared with approval upon hearing the President's dramatic words, "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner). Twenty- four years later, President Ronald Reagan made an appearance at the Berlin Wall and challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall" to demonstrate his commitment to profound change.

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2016 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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