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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Massachusett Language
The Massachusett language is an Algonquian language of the Algic language family, formerly spoken by several tribes inhabiting coastal regions of Massachusetts, including Cape Cod and the Islands. It was also commonly referred to as the Natick, Wômpanâak (Wampanoag), Pokanoket, or Indian language.
Honoring Nations
Celebrating, documenting, and disseminating the stories of the outstanding programs in self-governance that are daily emerging from the Native nations, Honoring Nations highlights tribal government successes. It helps expand the capacities of Native nation builders by enabling them to learn from each others’ successes. The high public visibility and news coverage of Honoring Nations also permit non-Native policymakers, the media, and the general public to see what Native nations are actually doing in the drive for self-determination. Established in 1998, Honoring Nations’ experiences are the foundation for the teaching, advising, and policy analysis from the partnership between the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development (Harvard Project) and the Native Nations Institute at the University of Arizona.
Be an UPstander and StandUP to Cyber-Bullies
In 2015 Lakota Children's Enrichment launched a campaign to educate people about ways to minimize and report cyberbullying. Check our our UpStander’s guide to cyber-bullying and be an Upstander, not a Bystander.
Lakota Children’s Enrichment
We empower Lakota youth and amplify their voices by providing opportunities in the arts, education, sports, leadership and mentorship. Lakota Children’s Enrichment’s programs are tailored to meet specific needs of schools and community partners, and incorporate input from LCE’s Youth Advisory Board. LCE also provides education about the history and obstacles facing American Indian reservations today.
The Haida Language
Haida, or Xaat Kíl, is the ancestral language of the Haida people. The traditional home of the Haidas is Haida Gwaii (also known as Queen Charlotte Island) off the west coast of what is now British Columbia, Canada. A few hundred years ago, some Haidas moved north to what is now Prince of Wales Island in southeast Alaska. Today, the four main Haida villages are Masset and Skidegate, both on Haida Gwaii, and Hydaburg and Kasaan, on Prince of Wales. There are also quite a few Haidas living in larger towns and cities up and down the Pacific Coast, from Juneau to Ketchikan to Vancouver to Seattle to San Francisco.
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Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis (October 14, 1962 – October 28, 1962) was a two-week escalation between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet nuclear missiles deployed in Cuba, just 90 miles from Florida. The crisis nearly escalated into a nuclear war, but successful negotiations between President John Kennedy and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev brought the confrontation to an end. The Cuban Missile Crisis is also known as the October Crisis, The Missile Scare, and the Caribbean Crisis.
Ducksters: Cuban Missile Crisis
"Prior to the crisis the United States had attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro and the current government of Cuba with the Bay of Pigs invasion. The invasion failed, but it served as a warning to Fidel Castro." Learn all about the Missile Crisis with this one-page summary, and then explore more Cold War topics (links at the bottom of the page) including the Arms Race, Communism, and the Space Race.
History: Cuban Missile Crisis
Visit for a musical history of the Cuban missile crisis, sung and illustrated by Jeffrey Lewis. While here, be sure to peruse the featured article and photo galleries. "In a TV address on October 22, 1962, President John Kennedy (1917-1963) notified Americans about the presence of the missiles, explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba and made it clear the U.S. was prepared to use military force if necessary to neutralize this perceived threat to national security."
JFK Library: Cuban Missile Crisis
"No one was sure how Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev would respond to the naval blockade and U.S. demands." This one-page report includes photos and an audio clip from Kennedy's radio and television remarks. But the best content is found at World on the Brink, a special feature which steps you through the crisis one day at a time. You'll find a link to it at the end of the page.
Layers of Learning: Cuban Missile Crisis for Kids
Learn history by reenacting it! Print out this Cuban Missile Crisis role playing script, and assign six parts: President Kennedy, CIA advisor, Secretary of Defense, Latin America expert, advisor, and military advisor. Set the stage with a discussion of the Cold War. "Basically the Cold War was a war of ideas between the United States with a freedom loving capitalist society and the USSR with a totalitarian centrally planned communist society. Both sides wanted to prove that their ideology was best."

Nuclear Files: Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline
Starting in 1959, when President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba, and Fidel Castro proclaimed victory after a six-year revolution, this timeline takes us step-by-step through the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. The last entry is dated June 30,1963, when the US and the Soviet Union opened a direct hot-line between their leaders. "The Hot Line has been tested every hour since 1963, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union has not altered this procedure."

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Christmas Crafts
“Tis the season to be jolly.” And Christmas crafts certainly add to the season’s jolliness, don’t you think? This week’s website picks showcase Christmas craft projects for kids of all ages.
All Free Crafts: Christmas
With more than 150 original Christmas crafts, All Free Crafts is quite a find. Organized into six categories (such as Santa Crafts, Light Bulb Crafts and Easy Tree Trims) many of the projects focus on using recycled household items, and all have photos of the finished project. Other featured holidays include Valentines Day, Mother's Day, and Halloween.
All Kids Network: Kids Christmas Crafts
"All of these Christmas themed crafts were made in our own home so we know that they are fun and child-friendly. So light a fire in the fireplace, make some hot cocoa, put on your favorite holiday movie and gather the family around the table to make some of our great kids Christmas crafts!" This Christmas page has a couple dozen projects, with links to printable worksheets, coloring pages, and mazes in the right-hand column.
Busy Bee Kids Crafts: Christmas Crafts for Kids
"This Christmas why not create a Posable Reindeer, make your own homemade Christmas Ornaments with our Salt Dough Recipe, or design your own Winter Window card for a special homemade teacher gift?" Visit Busy Bee Kids Crafts for three dozen illustrated craft projects (for ages two and up) and last, but not least, a whole slew of Christmas printables including coloring pages, word search puzzles and dot-to-dots.
Enchanted Learning: Christmas K-3 Theme Page
"These crafts projects use materials found around the house, like egg cartons, cardboard, paper, boxes, string, crayons, paint, glue, etc. See the page about color mixing to see how to combine paint to make all the colors of the rainbow." Enchanted Learning hits the mark with oodles of Christmas crafts and printable activity pages (which are my personal favorites.) Those looking for Hanukkah projects, will find them here.

Pinterest: Sassy Sites: Christmas Crafts for Kids
This beautiful Pinterest board was created by user Sassy Sites. If you are new to Pinterest, you do not need an account to view any of the boards, but just browsing this collection may be enough to get you hooked. To visit the actual craft sites, click on any of the pins (the photos) to open the image in a new window, then click one more time to visit the originating site. In addition to this board, you can search for more "Christmas crafts for kids" using the search function in the upper left-hand corner.

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A cloud is a visible mass of condensed water vapor floating above the earth. In 1802, amateur meteorologist Luke Howard named three principal categories of clouds: cumulus, stratus, and cirrus. These categories became the basis of today’s cloud classification system, which also includes a fourth component: nimbus.
Ducksters: Earth Science for Kids: Clouds
"Most clouds form as warm air rises in the atmosphere and cools down. All air contains some water vapor and warm air can hold more water vapor than cold air. As warm air cools the water vapor turns into tiny droplets of water or ice. As more and more air cools down, more droplets form and they eventually become a cloud." Visit for a one-page introduction to clouds, with links to additional weather topics, including atmosphere, climate, weather forecasting and seasons.
NASA: Kids Cloud Identification Guide
Educator Paula McKean created this printable guide to cloud classification and identification. Using both the altitude system (how high is the cloud?) and the characteristic system (what does it look like?), this handy e-book includes checklists for verifying your classification. The cumulus checklist begins, " Is it a sunny day? Is the cloud low in the sky? Does it look like a big puffy cotton ball?"
UCAR Center for Science Education: Clouds
How do clouds form? What are the cloud types? These are just a few of the questions answered at this University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) site for teachers and students. Play a matching game, browse a cloud gallery, or peruse the resources on thunderstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes and winter storms.
Weather Wiz Kids: Clouds
"Why are clouds white? Since light travels as waves of different lengths, each color has its very own unique wavelength. Clouds are white because their water droplets or ice crystals are large enough to scatter the light of the seven wavelengths (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet), which combine to produce white light." Scroll to the bottom of this long page for lesson plans, cloud experiments, and science fair project ideas.

Wired: Weird Clouds Look Even Better from Space
"Cloud-watching from Earth can be endlessly entertaining, but some of the most amazing cloud patterns can only be properly appreciated from space. Satellites can take in thousands of miles of the Earth's surface in one shot, revealing complicated and intriguing cloud patterns we could never see from below. " Enjoy a gallery of weird clouds seen from space, photographed by NASA satellites.

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Gingerbread Houses
Gingerbread is a baked treat that dates back to the Middle Ages. It is thought to have first appeared in the U.S. in the nineteenth century, when the Swiss monks of St. Meinrad Archabbey in Indiana baked gingerbread on holidays, and gave it to the sick. Over the years, baking gingerbread cookies and building gingerbread houses developed into a popular American Christmas tradition.
Celebrating Christmas: Gingerbread House 101
"From very simple designs for busy moms and dads to challenging art projects for those artists among us, we've got it all.… Let the decorating begin!!!" Celebrating Christmas offers a potpourri of gingerbread house advice, from how to plan a gingerbread party to recipes for gingerbread tree ornaments. Highlights are six gingerbread house blueprints (including a log cabin, chapel, country store and Victorian) although you will need to enlarge the patterns before using them.
Highlights Kids: Design Your Own Gingerbread House
To add a little computer fun to today's topic, this pick is an online game. Decorate your virtual gingerbread house with the usual Candy and Icing, or go crazy with silly Food and Stuff such as a whole fish, a tennis ball, or alphabet blocks to spell out your name. Move items onto the house by clicking once to pick up, then again to release onto your house. Controls include Rotate, Resize, Flip, Start Over, and Print (so you can hang your finished creation on the refrigerator door.)
King Arthur Flour: Building a Gingerbread House
This fourteen-page PDF from King Arthur Flour offers the most detailed gingerbread house building instructions I found online. It includes a printable pattern, oodles of photos, and tips you won't find anywhere else. For example, to create multi-colored stained glass panels, try melting hard candies in the oven. Or to create the look of window panes, paint diagonal muntins on gelatin sheets. And to help your gingerbread people keep their balance, attach mini-marshmallow kick-stands to their backs.
Pinterest: Gingerbread Houses
Searching for gingerbread inspiration? Look no further than this Pinterest search. You can refine the search by adding keywords to the search function box in the upper left-hand corner, or jumping directly to some of the featured boards and pinners (which you'll also find in the upper left-hand corner.) If you are new to Pinterest, just remember that you need to click twice on an image to actually visit the associated web page.

Wilton: Gingerbread House Fun
Wow! Wilton (the baking supply company) brings us the mother lode of gingerbread ideas. Visit for 181 gingerbread houses, eleven answers to frequently asked questions, four gingerbread recipes, and countless decorating ideas. "If you plan to keep your decorated house or cookie kit longer than the current season, consider assembling with a hot glue gun, then cover the dried glue with icing."

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2015 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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