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Alaska Becomes The Second State To Officially Recognize Indigenous Languages
by Casey Kelly - KTOO Public Media
credits: (except as noted all photos by Skip Gray - Gavel Alaska)
An emotional Rep. Charisse Millett, R-Anchorage, holds hands with Liz Medicine Crow during debate on House Bill 216 in the Alaska Senate. The legislation, which passed, would make 20 Alaska Native languages official state languages along with English.

Supporters of a bill to make 20 Alaska Native languages official state languages organized a 15 hour sit-in protest at the Capitol on Sunday. Their dedication paid off early this morning, when the Alaska Senate passed the measure on an 18-2 vote.

The Alaska House passed the bill last week, 38-0. It now heads to Governor Sean Parnell for his signature.

In the Senate gallery, Marian Call, Rep. Neal Foster, Rep. Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins, Liz Medicine Crow and Rep. Charisse Millett (left to right) react seconds after passage of his legislation making 20 Alaska Native languages official state languages alongside English. The vote took place at 3am, April 21, 2014 after an all-day vigil by about one hundred supporters.

Dozens of people of all ages and races, many wearing their Easter finest, gathered in the hall outside Sen. Lesil McGuire’s office. The Anchorage Republican and chair of the Senate Rules Committee had the power to put House Bill 216 on the Senate’s calendar. But with end of the legislative session looming, the bill’s supporters worried it was getting caught up in last-minute, behind-the-scenes politics.

Irene Lampe drums while Ricky Tagabon (to her right) and Della Cheney (to her left) sing while Jessica Dominy dances in traditional Tlingit style in the second floor hallway of the Alaska State Capitol, April 21, 2014. They were a few of the one hundred or so supporters of House Bill 216 that gathered on April 21, 2014, and stayed until 3am the next day waiting for the Senate to pass the bill that makes 20 Alaska Native languages official state languages alongside English.

The group started their vigil just after noon, singing, dancing, and playing drums, and talking about why Alaska Native languages are so important.

“Our language is everything. It’s the air we breathe. It’s the blood that flows through our veins,” said Lance Twitchell, a professor of Native Languages at the University of Alaska Southeast.

Lance Twitchell and Liz Medicine Crow embrace after HB 216 passed. (Photo by Casey Kelly - KTOO)

HB 216 would add the state’s indigenous languages to a statute created by a 1998 voter initiative, which made English the official language of Alaska. While the bill is largely symbolic, Twitchell said it’s important to recognize all languages as equal.

“That’s all we want is equal value,” he said. “And there’s nothing wrong with standing up and saying that. It takes a lot of courage to do that. And it takes a lot of something else to try and go against that.”

Many elders who attended the sit-in recalled being punished as children for speaking their first languages. Irene Cadiente of Juneau said her teachers would hit her with a ruler when they caught her speaking Tlingit.

“Sometimes I wonder when my hand hurts, is it on account of me speaking Tlingit?” Cadiente asked. “My hands were rulered. Is that why it hurts? I never forget that.”

Cadiente said she’s proud that her great grandchildren are now learning to speak the language.

Heather Burge, a student in the Native Languages program at UAS, said she didn’t understand how HB 216 could become controversial.

“We should be at the point where this should be a non-issue,” Burge said. “But it’s still scary to some people, which is a little disheartening. But hopefully we can get past this.”

After the group had been outside McGuire’s office for about 30 minutes, the senator’s Chief of Staff Brett Huber announced the bill would be scheduled for a floor vote. McGuire later made an appearance of her own.

“We just got the bill, so we’re going as fast as we can,” McGuire said. “But it’s nice to see all of you. Thank you for coming, and thank you for your passion. I know you have support.”

It was 3 a.m. by the time the measure finally reached the floor.

Rep. Jonathan Kreiss-Tomkins (front row, second from the right) poses with supporters of House Bill 216, which had passed moments earlier. The legislation, which he introduced, makes 20 Alaska Native languages official state languages alongside English.

Sen. Donny Olson, D-Golovin, who’s Inupiaq, said the bill would not have made it through the legislature without a groundswell of support.

“The elders, the youth, Native and non-Native,” Olson said.

Senate Majority Leader John Coghill, R-North Pole, took responsibility for the delay in getting the bill to the floor. Coghill tried to explain what he hoped to achieve last week when he proposed amending the bill to create a new category in statute for “ceremonial languages.”

“I thought if you had them in that place of honor you would aspire to them and honor them,” Coghill said. “Where if you put them in this place, they’re more likely to be under tension that I think would be harder to get to the honor and easy to get to divisiveness.”

Coghill said he was an apologetic no vote. He added that he would be willing to own up to it if he ends up being proven wrong.

Sen. Pete Kelly, R-Fairbanks, was the other Senator to vote against the bill.

Rep. Jonathan Kreiss-Tompins (center) celebrates by posing for a “selfie” with supporters of House Bill 216, his legislation making 20 Alaska Native languages official state languages alongside English. The bill had passed the Senate only moments earlier at 3 a.m., April 21, 2014.

After the bill passed, supporters gathered outside Senate chambers to embrace each other and shed tears of joy. Twitchell summed up the feeling with a Tlingit phrase.

“We succeeded. We obtained,” Twitchell said after first saying it in Tlingit.

The bill explicitly says the official language designation does not require the state or local governments to conduct business in languages other than English. But Twitchell said putting them in the same part of the law builds momentum for future generations of Native language speakers.

If Gov. Sean Parnell signs the bill into law, Alaska will become just the second state after Hawaii to officially recognize indigenous languages.

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