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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Mazopiya - A Natural Food Market
Mazopiya strives to provide whole food choices and products that are fresh, in season, minimally packaged, reasonably priced and produced by businesses with sound/ethical practices. Our product choices are evaluated carefully using the following selection criteria in order of preference: Locally Produced, Certified Organic, Fair Trade Certified and Produced Using Sustainable Practices.
Osage Nation Foundation
The mission of the Osage Nation Foundation is to promote and enhance the general welfare of the people of the Osage Nation by supporting cultural, educational, health, historical, community and other appropriate activities and programs.

Native American Ethnobotany
A Database of Foods, Drugs, Dyes and Fibers of Native American Peoples, Derived from Plants.

The Paatuwaqatsi Run
This one-day event includes speakers who share their knowledge and work with water issues within their own communities. And whether you run or not, everyone is invited eat a traditional Hopi meal and become a part of the community who is concerned, better informed and reminded about the importance of water in our lives. All the work is done on a volunteer basis with no individuals compensated for their time.
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My 1979 edition of Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style reigns over my workspace from its place of honor on my bookshelf. It’s a slim volume because, like all good writing, the needless words have been omitted. The original, written as a college textbook in 1918 by Professor William Strunk, Jr., is available at
Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation
"Effective Writing. Rule 1. Use concrete rather than vague language." As the title implies, Jane Straus's guide is divided into two sections: grammar and punctuation. Each is further organized into rules with examples (navigate these with the drop-down menus), exercises and tests. The interactive quizzes are graded upon completion. Additional quizzes are available with a paid subscription.
Grammar Bytes: Rules
"Grammar instruction with attitude!" Site creator Robin L. Simmons tackles eleven common grammar problems with rules and tips. Topics include Pronoun Agreement Errors, Comma Splices and Fused Sentences, and Rules for Using Irregular Verbs. Her tips are available as web pages (HTML versions) and as downloads (PDF versions.)
Guide to Grammar and Writing
This comprehensive grammar guide from Professor Charles Darling, is organized into topics at the Sentence Level, Paragraph Level, and Essay Level. If you're not sure where to find your subject, try the Index or search function. You'll also find 170 interactive quizzes, corrected instantly for immediate feedback. Have an unanswered grammar or writing question? Professor Darling's alter ego Grammar English (she's the one in the rocking chair) will be happy to answer queries posted via the Ask Grammar! form.
Purdue Online Writing Lab
"Adjectives modify nouns; adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. You can recognize adverbs easily because many of them are formed by adding -ly to an adjective." With resources on spelling, writing numbers correctly, using adjectives and adverbs, and more, the Purdue Online Writing Lab is an excellent resource. There are also six printable quizzes with answer keys.

Quick and Dirty Tips: Grammar Girl
"Apostrophes are one of the more confounding punctuation marks. If you search for signs with ‘grammar errors' online, most of the results will likely include an apostrophe error (which is actually a punctuation error, not a grammar error, but I digress)." Grammar Girl is a " friendly guide to the world of grammar, punctuation, usage, and fun developments in the English language," and my grammar pick of the week. Her frequent tips include both articles (readable at her website) and podcasts that you can listen to one at a time (via the website) or subscribe to on iTunes.

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Thanksgiving Poems
Thanksgiving is one of my favorite holidays because it revolves around family, good food, and an attitude of gratitude. Here are some resources for sharing the Thanksgiving vibe in the classroom or around the dinner table with rhymes, songs and poems for all ages.
Apples 4 Teachers: Thanksgiving Poems and Rhymes for Kids
Apples 4 Teachers houses a collection of seventeen Thanksgiving poems, some of them modern, others from the nineteenth century. A few (such as "The First Thanksgiving" by Margaret J. Preston) come with short bios of the poet, and discussion questions for classroom or living room. "Margaret J. Preston (1820-1897) was one of the leading poets of the South. She wrote many poems and sketches. 'The First Thanksgiving Day' gives a good picture of the life in the old Pilgrim days."
DLTK: Thanksgiving Songs
"Five little turkeys standing at the door, one waddled off, and then there were four." For lower elementary grades and preschoolers, DLTK has songs, rhymes and printable Thanksgiving crafts. The Thanksgiving poem posters are printable in color or black-and-white (which then can be colored.) The songs are cute rhymes sung to well-known melodies, such as "I'm a Little Pumpkin" sung to the tune of "I'm a Little Teapot." The songs are also available in ad-free printable versions.
Poem Source: Thanksgiving Poems
Joanna Fuchs is a talented greeting card poet, and her Thanksgiving poems are sure to please. She suggests they be used on Thanksgiving cards, or framed and given as Thanksgiving gifts. Additionally, I see a wide range of possible classroom uses, including recitations and Thanksgiving crafts. But please respect her copyright and do not post these poems on the Web or distribute them via email. For more specifics, read the Poem Source Terms of Use. Poems for Thanksgiving
For high school, college and adult students of poetry, introduces seven iconic Thanksgiving poems from poets as varied as Langston Hughes and John Greenleaf Whittier. Thirteen additional poems are suggested for further study. "Because of the evolving meanings and patriotic intentions of Thanksgiving, Americans are left without a singular narrative to attach to the holiday, and may be discomforted by its historical origins as well as distracted by the emphasis on football games and day-after shopping."

Preschool Express: Thanksgiving Songs & Rhymes
Jean Warren presents a page of traditional preschool Thanksgiving rhymes mixed in with her own original creations. "Pies in the oven / Yum, yum, yum. / I can smell them / Oh, what fun!" Some are songs sung to familiar tunes, and others are movement rhymes like this one. "Walk like a turkey, / Woddle, woddle, woddle. / Talk like a turkey, / Gobble, gobble, gobble". Just imagining all those adorable gobbling, waddling "turkeys" flapping their wings has to bring a smile to your face. Doesn't it?

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El Niño
Usually the Earth’s warmest water can be found in the western Pacific, with the east-to-west trade winds pushing the warm water toward Indonesia. Every so often, however, the trade winds weaken and the warm water ends up sloshing eastward against the coast of South America. These oceanic changes cause disruptions in jet-stream winds and effect global weather conditions. This is the occasional weather pattern is known as El Niño. The opposite effect (a sustained cooling instead of warming) is called La Niña. ENSO Blog is a public education project of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) providing "science and information for a climate-smart nation." The ENSO Blog offers timely information about this year's El Niño in a blog format. The site also includes sections on Teaching Climate Literacy, Causes of Climate Change, and the Nature of Climate Science.
Live Science
"Forecasters declare an official El Niño when they see both ocean temperatures and rainfall from storms veer to the east. Experts also look for prevailing trade winds to weaken and even reverse direction during the El Niño climate phenomenon." After this introductory article, be sure to peruse the related articles listed in the right-hand column. You'll learn why snakebites increase in Costa Rica during an El Niño cycle.
NASA JPL: El Niño/La Niña
Since its launch into orbit in August 1992, the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite has mapped 95% of the ocean's surface topography, noting liquid hills and valleys. From its vantage point 826 miles above us, TOPEX/Poseidon can measure sea surface height within two inches. The birth of El Niño can be seen in Pacific Ocean snapshots from the fall of 2015 that show both increases and decreases in normal sea height.
NOAA: What is an El Niño?
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's mission is to analyze changes in the Earth's environment and conserve our nation's marine resources. To that end, they are keeping a close eye on El Niño. Filled with graphs and technical explanations, this site is an excellent starting point for student research. For example, you can view real-time data such as ocean temperatures transmitted via satellite from buoys in the tropical Pacific Ocean.

UCAR: El Niño, La Niña & ENSO FAQ
"El Niño and La Niña are normally accompanied by variations in the tropical Pacific Ocean's Walker Circulation, as well as a vast see-saw in atmospheric pressure – the Southern Oscillation – that modifies the Walker pattern. The term El Niño – Southern Oscillation, or ENSO, refers to the combination of atmospheric and oceanic effects associated with both El Niño and La Niña." This University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) article is an excellent ENSO tutorial, with links to many additional resources.

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Women’s Suffrage
Women’s national suffrage was fought for for more than fifty years, until the Nineteenth Amendment become national law on August 26, 1920. The idea began to gather steam at the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention in New York, and then again two years later at the National Women’s Rights Convention in Massachusetts. In 1869, the first two national suffrage organizations were established. One led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the other by Lucy Stone. Years later, in 1890, the two competing organizations merged and became the National American Woman Suffrage Association, under Anthony’s leadership.
The Atlantic: 100 Years Ago, The 1913 Women's Suffrage Parade
Learn about milestones in the fight for suffrage with this gallery of annotated photos from The Atlantic. "At an open air meeting in Washington, District of Columbia, in March of 1913, calling upon Congress to pass the national woman suffrage amendment. This photograph shows Mrs. John Rogers, sister-in-law of former Secretary of War, and a member of the Advisory Council of the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage, speaking in front of old Corcoran Art Gallery."
EDSITEment: Women's Suffrage: Why the West First?
It was 1920 when Congress approved the 19th amendment, giving women the right to vote in all states. But Wyoming and eight other western states granted women voting rights as early as fifty years earlier. Why was that? Explore more with this online lesson. In the introduction, there is a link to another, more general EDSITEment lesson: Voting Rights for Women: Pro- and Anti-Suffrage.
History: The Fight for Woman's Suffrage
"On Election Day in 1920, millions of American women exercised their right to vote for the first time. It took activists and reformers nearly 100 years to win that right, and the campaign was not easy: Disagreements over strategy threatened to cripple the movement more than once." Visit to read this short history article, accompanied by a gallery of video clips and recordings of speeches and news reports.
Library of Congress: Teachers: Women's Suffrage
The efforts of the suffragists went beyond petitions and parades. "Testing another strategy, Susan B. Anthony registered and voted in the 1872 election in Rochester, NY. As planned, she was arrested for ‘knowingly, wrongfully and unlawfully vot[ing] for a representative to the Congress of the United States.'" You can read her handwritten petition to Congress declaring her $100 fine "unjust," along with eight other primary source documents (and teaching activities) from the National Record Archives.

National Women's History Museum: Women in the Progressive Era
"In 1920, due to the combined efforts of the NAWSA and the NWP, the 19th Amendment, enfranchising women, was finally ratified. This victory is considered the most significant achievement of women in the Progressive Era." Visit to learn how voting rights became the primary cause of the women's club movement. "These clubs worked on an almost inestimable number of issues. Some women's clubs opened private libraries, which were eventually taken over by local governments. Others inspected schools and lobbied for the building of playgrounds."

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2015 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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