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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development (NCAIED)
The National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development (NCAIED) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. With over 40 years of assisting American Indian Tribes and their enterprises with business and economic development – we have evolved into the largest national Indian specific business organization in the nation. We take our motto, “Putting Indian Country To Work” to heart literally and are actively engaged in helping Tribal Nations and Native business people realize their entrepreneurial goals. Our motto also has meaning figuratively, as we are dedicated to putting the whole of Indian Country to work to better the lives of American Indian people- both now and for generations to come.
American Horse School
American Horse School is a small Public Law (PL) 100-297 Elementary Grant school located in the heart of the Oglala Lakota Nation in Allen, South Dakota. Nearly all students enrolled at the school are members of a federally recognized tribe with the majority being members of the Oglala Sioux Tribe.
Native Voices: Native Peoples’ Concepts of Health and Illness
Native Voices: Native Peoples’ Concepts of Health and Illness explores the interconnectedness of wellness, illness, and cultural life for Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians. Visitors will discover how Native concepts of health and illness are closely tied to the concepts of community, spirit, and the land.
Amazing Women In History
On this site, I write about women most people have never heard of before. I adore Susan B. Anthony, Marie Curie, and Mary Wollstonecraft, but you won’t read about them on this blog. I have a huge long list of amazing women from all over the world and from all different eras that I want to tell you about. I hope you’ll stick around and learn about them with me, and tell others about how amazing they are :)
Hubbell Trading Post NHS
The squeaky wooden floor greets your entry into the oldest operating trading post on the Navajo Nation. When your eyes adjust to the dim light in the "bullpen" you find you’ve just entered a mercantile. Hubbell's has been serving Ganado selling groceries, grain, hardware, horse tack, coffee and Native American Art since 1878. Discover Hubbell Trading Post NHS, where history is made every day.
The Chickasaw Cultural Center
The Chickasaw Cultural Center offers a world of opportunity to learn and connect with Native American history. Watch the story of the Chickasaw people unfold before your eyes through powerful performances, reenactments, demonstrations, collections and exhibits at one of the largest and most extensive tribal cultural centers in the United States. Share in our passion, walk through our past and look to our future – all in one unforgettable experience.
National Endowment For The Humanities: Celebrating 50 Years
NEH has awarded more than 63,000 grants since 1965, totaling $5.3 billion, and has leveraged $2.5 billion in private matching donations. That public investment has led to the creation of books, films, museum exhibits, exciting discoveries, and more.
For its 50th anniversary, we present NEH projects that have enriched and shaped American lives. Explore and enjoy.
National Endowment for the Humanities
Created in 1965 as an independent federal agency, the National Endowment for the Humanities supports research and learning in history, literature, philosophy, and other areas of the humanities by funding selected, peer-reviewed proposals from around the nation. Additional information about the National Endowment for the Humanities and its grant programs is available at:
Saving An Endangered Language
The Tlingit people of the Pacific Northwest have a rich and complex culture, much of which has been preserved orally. Generations of oppression and marginalization have taken a heavy toll and the Tlingit language could have vanished completely. But NEH grants are keeping the language and culture alive.

Sealaska Heritage Institute
Sealaska Heritage Institute is a private, nonprofit founded in 1980 to promote cultural diversity and cross-cultural understanding. The institute is governed by a Board of Trustees and guided by a Council of Traditional Scholars. Its mission is to perpetuate and enhance Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian cultures of Southeast Alaska.

Liicugtukut Alutiiq - "We Want To Learn Alutiiq"
This website was created for educators, learners, and Elders to have one central location to pull resources from, find words and hear the language spoken, as well as help aid all organizations involved in revitalizing the Kodiak Alutiiq language. We invite our partners and community members to share resources for posting.
Alutiiq Museum Archaeological Repository
Native peoples need a place to share, preserve, and perpetuate their cultures, where their unique voices can be heard. Our educational programs tell the Alutiiq story to assist Alutiiqs in knowing their ancestral culture, examining their history, and expressing their identities. We combine Alutiiq and Western ways of teaching to create programs that do more than deliver information–they invite exploration and celebration.
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Day of the Dead
Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated on two days, starting November 1. The focus of the joyous holiday is a celebration of the lives of dead family and friends. It is a melding of the Catholic holidays of All Saint’s Day (November 1), All Souls Day (November 2) and indigenous festivals that date back thousands of years.
Art is Fun: Day of the Dead
"Dia de los Muertos art is (perhaps ironically) one of the world's most colorful and lively art forms. As Day of the Dead approaches, brightly-colored skulls and dancing, laughing skeletons appear on shop windows, in market stalls and on t-shirts. Intricately-cut tissue paper billows in the breeze, draped from buildings and trees and stretched across altars." Artist Thaneeya McArdle displays her Dia de los Muertos art, and explains the history of Day of the Dead.
Day of the Dead in Mexico
"Day of the Dead in Mexico represents a mixture of Christian devotion and Pre-Hispanic traditions and beliefs. As a result of this mixture, the celebration comes to life as an unique Mexican tradition including an altar and offerings dedicated to the deceased." Photographer Mary J. Andrade has been capturing Day of the Dead celebrations throughout Mexico since 1987. This site showcases her books and photography with a gallery organized by city (such as Tlaxcala and Veracruz) and subject (such as altars, toys, and parade of the children.)
Kinderart: Day of the Dead Skull Masks
This beautiful skull mask art project (the Spanish word for skull is "calavera") was designed by teaching artist Anitra Redlefsen. The downloadable templates come in two flavors: one with a design in black and white, ready to be colored, the other a blank mask, ready for your own design. Be sure to also check out Ms. Redlefsen's site, where she has another Day of the Dead art project called Day of the Dead Marigold Sculpture, and the link listed under Resources, which houses lots of Day of the Dead slide-show presentations for classroom or after-school club.
National Geographic: Education: Dia de los Muertos
"Assured that the dead would be insulted by mourning or sadness, Dia de los Muertos celebrates the lives of the deceased with food, drink, parties, and activities the dead enjoyed in life. Dia de los Muertos recognizes death as a natural part of the human experience, a continuum with birth, childhood, and growing up to become a contributing member of the community." Join the celebration with a Day of the Dead introduction, discussion questions, a photo slider, fast facts and a vocabulary list. Don't miss this resource, it is my pick-of-the-week.

Smithsonian Latino Center: Day of the Dead
"The history of Day of the Dead is embedded with Pre-Hispanic and Spanish customs. These customs shaped the common elements of traditional Mexican Dia de los Muertos. Today, Day of the Dead has been increasingly popular with Latinos in the United States." Click on the any of the labeled wall stones to explore Customs & Beliefs, The Ofrenda (an altar or offering), Symbolism, or Build Your Own Altar.

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Halloween Math
It’s Halloween, and your treat bag is full of trick-or-treat candy. If you have 8 Snickers bars, and three times as many Tootsie Rolls, how many more Tootsie Rolls do you have than Snickers bars? Halloween Worksheets
"Halloween worksheets are an excellent tool to help you and your kids get into the spooky spirit! These Halloween worksheets for kids have been made by experts in the education field, and include both educational and purely fun exercises." These free math printables include addition, subtraction, word problems, counting, fractions, multiplication, patterns, and money. An outstanding collection, and is one of two picks of the week.
Math Drills: Halloween Math Worksheets
"Be careful of the monsters on the worksheets; they sometimes bite. Instead of labeling the Halloween math worksheets with letters, we've labeled them with scary words. If you happen to hear a noise when you click on one of the worksheets, we assure you, it is all in your head." This fun collection also earned a pick of week because of their excellent assortment of worksheets, and the inclusion of geometry, probability and other middle-school level topics (along with counting, sorting and ordering for younger grades.) Math Activity Themes: Pumpkin Math
"Fall is the season that students begin the search for their own ‘perfect pumpkin' so these activities were created to help students develop mathematical concepts using a pumpkin theme." For elementary grades, these activities include graphing, symmetry, a dice game, measuring, and other problem-solving challenges. In addition, there are links to pumpkin picture books that are excellent companions to the activities.
Pinterest: Halloween Math Ideas
Pinterest boards are always a fun way to discover new resources. This board is a collaboration by more than 223 pinners. Their rules are to pin at least one free idea for every paid one, so be warned that not all of these links lead to free resources. If you are new to Pinterest, remember that clicking twice on any of the thumbnail images (also known as pins) will take you to the originating website. Create your own Pinterest board to save any pins (click on Pin It) you want to keep handy.

Smarty Games: Halloween Math
This math game is chock full of Halloween ghosts, pumpkins and bats in a haunted house! Start by choosing the skill you want to practice: addition, subtraction, multiplication or division. Use your mouse to move the ghost and his bucket to catch the right pumpkin answer as it falls down the screen. Beware of flying bats, as you will lose a life if you run into one!

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Halloween Writing Prompts
Raise your hand if you love writing prompts! Halloween is a perennial favorite, and can be a great source of writing inspiration. These hand-picked sites offer dozens of ghoulishly-fun writing prompts.
Activity Village: Halloween Stationery
Although this Activity Village page does not have any writing prompts, it does have a dozen printable Halloween stationery templates that will add a bit of seasonal fun to your Halloween stories. Most of the templates come in three flavors: blank (no lines), lined, and handwriting lines (with a dashed line between each solid line.) Designs include jack-o-lanterns, haunted houses, spiders, vampires and witches. Halloween Writing for Kids
"It was a dark and stormy night when..." "Running down the street with candy flying, I saw..." "The silliest Halloween ever started when…" These twenty-seven story prompts can be used for individual or group assignments, and are for early elementary ages. Below the prompts are links to Halloween stencils that can be used to illustrate the stories.
Scholastic Teachers: Scary Starters
For teachers of grades 1 to 5 (or parents of the same age group) Scholastic suggests giving story prompts to students in small groups, compiling the stories into a class book, or alternatively using the scary starters to create oral tales for sharing with the class. In addition to the eleven Halloween story starters, there are more writing resources listed near the bottom of the page, along with a book list of recommended spooky books, such as "10-Step Guide to Living with Your Monster" by Laura Numeroff.
Teach Hub: Halloween Video Writing Prompts
Start by watching this History channel video about the origins of Halloween customs, then choose one of the writing prompts grouped by grade level: K-2, 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. "What is your favorite Halloween costume? Why did you like that the best?" "Do you think our modern Halloween traditions still have value? Why or why not?"

Unique Teaching Resources: October Writing Prompts
"I'm batty about ..." "The old graveyard was filled with..." Created for elementary classrooms by teacher Heidi McDonald, this page includes both free writing prompts, and inexpensive Halloween templates for stationery and classroom bulletin boards. In addition to Halloween, October Writing Prompts features writing prompts for National Book Month, National Pizza Month, National Fire Prevention Month, and Columbus Day. Scroll all the way down the page for a link to general (not holiday related) writing prompts.

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Persian Gulf War
The Persian Gulf War (August 2, 1990 – February 28, 1991) was waged against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. Authorized by the United Nations, forces from thirty-four countries were led by the United States. The war is also known as the Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War, First Iraq War, or Iraq War. Later the term “Iraq War” became identified with the 2003 Iraq War, or Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Persian Gulf War included Operation Desert Shield (August 2, 1990 – January 17, 1991 for the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia) and Operation Desert Storm (the combat phase from January 17, 1991 to February 28, 1991).

Army Live: Timeline of Operation Desert Storm
From the official blog of the U.S. Army, this timeline begins on January 16, 1991 with "massive air and missile attacks on targets in Iraq and Kuwait" and a short quote from President H.W. Bush, "We will not fail." The timeline concludes forty-three days later on February 28, 1991 when Kuwaiti troops raised their national flag in Kuwait City, and President Bush laid out conditions for a permanent cease-fire.

History: Persian Gulf War
"Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring Kuwait in early August 1990. Alarmed by these actions, fellow Arab powers such as Saudi Arabia and Egypt called on the United States and other Western nations to intervene. Hussein defied United Nations Security Council demands to withdraw from Kuwait by mid-January 1991, and the Persian Gulf War began with a massive U.S.-led air offensive known as Operation Desert Storm." Visit to watch the three-minute videos (look for them under Speeches as well as Videos), and read the main article.

PBS: Frontline: The Gulf War
"In the winter of 1991, amid the burning oil wells of Kuwait, two armies faced each other in the desert. At stake were the oil fields of the Middle East and America's leadership in the world. The war in the Persian Gulf would be the first test after the Cold war of the American promise of a ‘new world order.'" Frontline divides their story into seven sections: An Oral History, War Stories, Weapons & Technology, Maps, Voices in the Storm (a BBC radio series), Chronology, and Transcripts (of the 4-hour television special). It is an excellent resource because of its depth of coverage, and is my pick of the week.

Social Studies for Kids: The Persian Gulf War
"The Persian Gulf War was fought in 1991 but was years in the making. To understand both sides, it is necessary to go way back in history, to before World War I, to when the Ottoman Empire ruled much of the Middle East." This two-page introduction to the First Gulf War begins in Constantinople in 1899.

We Are the Mighty: 15 Unforgettable Photos From Operation Desert Storm
"700,000 American troops were deployed to the war; that's more than 2015's entire population of Nashville, TN." We are the Mighty is an entertainment site "for and by the military community." They summarize the Gulf War with fifteen pivotal photos and a short caption. Following the fifteen images is a one-hour BBC documentary 20th Century Battlefields - Gulf War (1991).

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2015 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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