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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
The Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians upholds Tribal Government, protects and preserves Tribal sovereignty, history, culture and the general welfare of the Tribal membership, and serves to provide for the long term economic needs of the Tribe and its members through economic development of Tribal lands. The Tribe encourages and promotes a strong work ethic and personal independence for Tribal members, while strongly upholding the “government to government” relationship with local, State and Federal governments. The Tribe constantly strives to maintain and develop strong cooperative relationships that benefit the Tribe and local community.
World Indoor Lacrosse Championship 2015
For the first time ever, the FIL (Federation of International Lacrosse) will hold the World Indoor Lacrosse Championships at the home of the game: The Onondaga Nation. This is a significant milestone – the Haudenosaunee, will step onto the world stage and carry their flag, exercise the sovereignty of indigenous nations, share their culture, field their national team, welcome guest nations, and proudly host the game of their ancestors.
Cheyenne and Arapaho Television- CATV47
Cheyenne and Arapaho Television- CATV47 is making history as the first Native American owned and operated broadcast TV station in the State of Oklahoma. It is one of only a handful of Native American TV Stations in the U.S. The establishment of K47MU-D Cheyenne and Arapaho Television was made possible by a Facilities Grant from NTIA CATV 47 is a low power Public Broadcast TV station broadcasting from the C&A Tribal Headquarters in Concho, OK since July 2012.
FNX | First Nations Experience
FNX | First Nations Experience is a TV network featuring Native American & Indigenous programming - created by the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians & KVCR. FNX launched on September 25, 2011 in Southern California -- the second largest market in the U.S. -- with an audience of 18 million viewers. FNX broadcasts from the KVCR studios in Southern California's Inland Empire. Through Native-produced and/or themed documentaries, dramatic series and arts programming, the FNX Channel illustrates the lives and cultures of Native American and indigenous people around the world. FNX is truly the voice of Native American and indigenous communities.
Buffalo Horn Artforms
Buffalo Horn artists, Kevin & Valerie Pourier, welcome you to their site. Please check out all the Buffalo Horn Jewelry and spoons and also check in on what Kevin & Val have been up to. If you see something that interests you, please feel free to contact them and visit about the art.
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Test-Taking Tips
Test taking is a skill that can be learned, and test-taking anxiety can be overcome. Here are some tips from high school and college counselors that can help students of all ages.
Brigham Young: Test-Taking Strategies
Although there are usually more true answers on a true/false test, the counselors at Brigham Young University point out that extreme modifiers such as "always", "never" or "all" make it more likely that the answer is false. Visit for additional tips on true/false tests, multiple-choice exams, essay questions and more.
Greatist: 22 Science-Backed Study Tips to Ace a Test
Each item on this list includes a link to research that proves it's effective. For example, did you know that during sleep "the brain strengthens new memories, so there's a good chance we'll remember whatever we review right before dozing off ." So, tip one is to study right before falling asleep. But don't limit yourself to night-before studying. "It might also help to crack open the books after cracking open those eyes in the A.M. — in the morning, the brain still has lots of room to absorb new information."
PBS Kids: Test Stress
PBS Kids is the only one of this week's picks especially written for elementary and middle-school grades. Navigate through the mini-site by clicking through the topic index in the upper-right hand corner. "Do you know someone who never gets bothered by tests and can take them without breaking a sweat? Yeah, some people are lucky like that. But for most of us, taking tests can cause a lot of icky feelings and sensations."
Study Guides and Strategies: Testing with Success
"Answer questions in a strategic order: Easy questions first to build confidence. Then those with the most point value." Peruse these tips by following the links at the bottom of this introductory lesson. They cover taking online tests, multiple-choice tests, short-answer tests, open-book exams, math exams and more.

Test Taking Tips
"Studying is only a part of getting good results on your exam. No matter how hard you study as a student if you don't know how to go about taking a test, whether multiple choice or essay, you won't score the highest possible mark." This entire site is about taking tests, and includes sections on note taking, study tips, cramming, and test anxiety.

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Study Skills
Achieving success in school isn’t always easy, but it is doable if you put your mind to it. Step one is improving your study skills. Although many of this week’s study-skill sites are written by university counselors, their sound advice is equally applicable to middle- and high-school students.
Education Corner: Study Skills
"Proven tips and techniques for studying smarter... not harder. Active listening, reading comprehension, note taking, stress management, time management, testing taking, and memorization are only a few of the topics addressed in our study skills guides for students. " To view the complete list of study guides, scroll down the page. Some are general guides for any kind of study, and others are topic specific, such as English, Chemistry, or Philosophy.
How to Study
Dr. Charles T. Mangrum and Dr. Stephen S. Strichart are two former university professors who joined forces in 1997 to create study skills curriculum for students from elementary grades to college. Their study skill recommendations are either articles (look in Study Skill Articles) or short tips submitted by readers like you (look in Study Tips). "Don't sit and watch the clock when you study. Do what it does. Keep going." Submitted by Luca Fuertes, Student, 6th Grade, Bangkok, Thailand.
UC Berkeley: Study and Success Strategies
"Study difficult (or boring) subjects first. If your chemistry problems put you to sleep, get to them first, while you are fresh. Most of us tend to do what we like first, yet the courses we find most difficult require the most creative energy. Save the subjects you enjoy for later." Excellent tips from University of California, Berkeley, on managing procrastination and building a seven-day study plan.
University of North Carolina: Study Habits & the Ten Traps
The appeal of top ten lists is universal, and the Ten Traps of Studying doesn't disappoint. Here's one I remember from college: "I'm Gonna Stay Up All Night 'til I Get This." Unfortunately exhaustion takes its toll both physically and mentally, and recall improves when study time is spread out over time (not crammed into a single session.) Whenever you study, remember to take plenty of breaks; the experts seem to agree on ten minutes every hour.

Virginia Tech: Study Skills Self Help
Best Virginia Tech clicks are the five Online Study Skills Workshops (including Seven Strategies for Improving Test Performance) which are self-paced slide shows that pop up in their own windows. I suggest starting with the Study Skills Inventory. After answering thirty-two questions on a sliding scale from "Very true" to "Not true at all," you'll be directed to various sections of the site (such as articles on time management or note taking) based on your own weaknesses.

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Scientific Classification
Scientific classification is a system of organizing living things into categories, from most inclusive (the biggest one) to least inclusive (the smallest one.) This kind of hierarchical classification is also known as a taxonomy. There are seven main divisions in the system of living things: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. But scientists also use super-divisions and sub-divisions. A human, for example, is classified as: Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Chordata; Subphylum: Vertebrata; Class: Mammalia; Subclass: Theria; Infraclass: Eutheria; Order: Primates; Suborder: Anthropoidea; Superfamily: Hominoidea; Family: Hominidae; Genus: Homo; Species: sapiens. Scientific names (such as Homo sapiens for humans) are created by combing the genus and species.
Annenberg Learner: Classifying Living Things
"Species are the basic unit of classification. While there are different views on what defines a species, in sexually reproducing organisms, a species has traditionally been defined by the ability of its members to reproduce together to form fertile offspring." This unit on scientific classification is just one of eight sessions that comprise this online Life Science course. It includes instructions for building a habitat in a large soda bottle.
BBC: Bitesize: Science Classification
"The first big division of living things in the classification system is to put them into one of five kingdoms. These are based on what an organism's cells are like. " These kingdoms are Protoctists, Prokaryotes, Fungi, Plants, and Animals. Visit this BBC mini-site for a 9-page introduction to biology classification, along with a video activity, and an online ten-question quiz.
Biology4Kids: Taxonomy
“Common names are the ones you might use when talking with your friends. You call your pet a dog or a cat (the common name). Scientists call those animals by a set of several names like Canis familiarus. That's a dog.” This excellent lesson includes lots of illustrations, videos, and links to additional reference sites. For photos of species from different kingdoms, scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on Taxonomy Examples.
Kidzone: Scientific Classification
A one-page overview of the seven main categories of scientific classifications, and a fun mnemonic to help you remember them: King Phillip, Come Out For Goodness Sake! "A species can be defined as a group of individuals that breed together to produce fertile offspring. Individuals of a species cannot breed with other such groups. It is sometimes possible for different species to breed, but the offspring will be sterile. A mule is the sterile offspring of a donkey and a horse, and the mule can never mate and reproduce itself."

Macroevolution: Carolus Linnaeus
Carolus Linneaus was an eighteenth century Swedish zoologist, who created the first version of the scientific classification still used today. "The original Linnaean system of classification did not include two major categories now in common use (phylum and family), but included all of the others (i.e., class, order, genus, and species). It also lacked the subspecies category."

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Crossword Puzzles
Some things are improved with technology, while others are better the old-fashioned way. I think interactive crossword puzzles beat their pen-and-paper counterparts hands down. I like being able to change letters, get hints, and check my work as I go. What's a three-letter word for "online crossword puzzle"? F-U-N!
About: Monday New York Times Crossword Puzzles
Among crossword puzzle fans, the daily New York Times crosswords, edited by Will Shortz, are legendary. Monday puzzles are the easiest puzzles of the week, and provides a free archive of 465 Monday crossword puzzles. These can be played online, printed, or downloaded in AcrossLite format. AcrossLite is a popular puzzle format (files end in .puz) and players are available for Windows, Mac, iPad, and Android.
Activity Village: Crosswords
With topics such as Back-to-School, Dr. Seuss, Egyptian Mummies, Harry Potter, and Farm Animal Noises, these simple crosswords are just for kids! Each puzzle page includes links to related content, such as mazes and word search puzzles. Look for the PDF icon to print the crossword; there are no interactive puzzles.
Brendan Emmett Quigley: Easy Puzzles
Brendan Emmett Quigley is a professional crossword puzzle creator and a frequent competitor in puzzle competitions. His easy puzzles can be played online, printed as a PDF, or exported in the AcrossLite format. For more challenging puzzles, look for the Medium and Hard links in the second column. Quigley publishes new puzzles twice a week.
Just Crosswords
Choose from over 300 15x15 interactive puzzles, or make your own and save it for future play. "Standard puzzles use symmetric grids with lots of standard crossword words and a few words that fit the theme. Crozzle puzzles use only words that fit the theme." Topics are diverse, and include Cars, Baseball, Astronomy, Literature, Holidays, and Computers.

One Across
"Having trouble getting the last word in that puzzle? Having trouble getting the first? See if our search engine can help! Unlike pure pattern dictionary searches, we actually analyze the clue as well." This is a pretty amazing tool. To use it, enter the exact clue and an answer pattern. For unknown letters, use a question mark. For example, for clue "Cut" and pattern "h???" you get the answer "hewn" along with other lower rated answers such as "snip" and "sawn."

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The lion (Panthera leo), often called the king of the jungle, is one of five big cats (others being tigers, jaguars, leopards, and snow leopards). And big they are; some male lions exceed 550 pounds! Wild lions currently live in sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia, and some types of lions have disappeared from North Africa and Southwest Asia. Humans are their only natural enemy. Although they are not categorized as endangered under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, some experts say lions are at risk of extinction by 2020.
BBC Nature: Lion
"Lions are the only truly social cats, with related females living together in prides overseen by male coalitions that compete for possession in fierce and often fatal battles." Visit for a lion photo gallery, along with quick facts about the distribution, habitats, classification, behaviors, conservation status (vulnerable). This is quite a long page, so keep on scrolling!
National Geographic Kids: 10 Lion Facts!
"An adult male's roar can be heard up to 8 km away." "The name for a baby lion is a cub, whelp or lionet." "In the wild, lions live for an average of 12 years and up to 16 years. They live up to 25 years in captivity." These ten lion facts are accompanied by a photo slide show, and followed by links to facts about jaguars, tigers, and the Eurasian lynx.
National Geographic Kids: Lion
"When a new male becomes part of the pride it is not unusual for him to kill all the cubs, ensuring that all future cubs will have his genes. The main job of males in the pride is defending the pride's territory." Elementary and middle-school students should visit for easy lion facts and interesting features such as Letters to Lions, and 10 Cool Reasons to Save Lions.
National Geographic: Serengeti Lion
"Enter the world of the Vumbi pride. The lions strut and grimace, bare their teeth. One drapes a paw indolently, another nuzzles." This photo essay is stunning, but it took me a few moments to figure out how to traverse it. The trick is that there is both horizontal and vertical scrolling. You can use a mouse-click to enter a section, and then use your arrows (up/down, left/right) to move around. When you mouse over an image, a menu bar will appear at the bottom of the screen that will display a caption and commentary link. Click either to learn more about the image or video.

San Diego Zoo: Lion
"The Swahili word for lion, simba, also means "king," "strong," and "aggressive." The word lion has similar meaning in our vocabulary. If you call someone lionhearted, you're describing a courageous and brave person. If you lionize someone, you treat that person with great interest or importance." Enjoy a virtual visit to the San Diego Zoo, complete with a photo slideshow, Fun Facts, and information about lion conservation.

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2015 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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