Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
- Volume 13 Number 9
by Paul and Vicki
Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
The Cow Creek Band of Umpqua
Tribe of Indians upholds Tribal Government, protects and preserves
Tribal sovereignty, history, culture and the general welfare
of the Tribal membership, and serves to provide for the long
term economic needs of the Tribe and its members through economic
development of Tribal lands. The Tribe encourages and promotes
a strong work ethic and personal independence for Tribal members,
while strongly upholding the government to government
relationship with local, State and Federal governments. The
Tribe constantly strives to maintain and develop strong cooperative
relationships that benefit the Tribe and local community.
Indoor Lacrosse Championship 2015
For the first time ever, the
FIL (Federation of International Lacrosse) will hold the World
Indoor Lacrosse Championships at the home of the game: The Onondaga
Nation. This is a significant milestone the Haudenosaunee,
will step onto the world stage and carry their flag, exercise
the sovereignty of indigenous nations, share their culture,
field their national team, welcome guest nations, and proudly
host the game of their ancestors.
and Arapaho Television- CATV47
Cheyenne and Arapaho Television-
CATV47 is making history as the first Native American owned
and operated broadcast TV station in the State of Oklahoma.
It is one of only a handful of Native American TV Stations in
the U.S. The establishment of K47MU-D Cheyenne and Arapaho Television
was made possible by a Facilities Grant from NTIA CATV 47 is
a low power Public Broadcast TV station broadcasting from the
C&A Tribal Headquarters in Concho, OK since July 2012.
| First Nations Experience
FNX | First Nations Experience
is a TV network featuring Native American & Indigenous programming
- created by the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians & KVCR.
FNX launched on September 25, 2011 in Southern California --
the second largest market in the U.S. -- with an audience of
18 million viewers. FNX broadcasts from the KVCR studios in
Southern California's Inland Empire. Through Native-produced
and/or themed documentaries, dramatic series and arts programming,
the FNX Channel illustrates the lives and cultures of Native
American and indigenous people around the world. FNX is truly
the voice of Native American and indigenous communities.
Buffalo Horn artists, Kevin
& Valerie Pourier, welcome you to their site. Please check
out all the Buffalo Horn Jewelry and spoons and also check in
on what Kevin & Val have been up to. If you see something
that interests you, please feel free to contact them and visit
about the art.
Test taking is a skill that can be learned,
and test-taking anxiety can be overcome. Here are some tips
from high school and college counselors that can help students
of all ages.
Young: Test-Taking Strategies
Although there are usually more true answers on a true/false
test, the counselors at Brigham Young University point out that
extreme modifiers such as "always", "never"
or "all" make it more likely that the answer is false.
Visit for additional tips on true/false tests, multiple-choice
exams, essay questions and more.
22 Science-Backed Study Tips to Ace a Test
Each item on this list includes a link to research that proves
it's effective. For example, did you know that during sleep
"the brain strengthens new memories, so there's a good
chance we'll remember whatever we review right before dozing
off ." So, tip one is to study right before falling asleep.
But don't limit yourself to night-before studying. "It
might also help to crack open the books after cracking open
those eyes in the A.M. in the morning, the brain still
has lots of room to absorb new information."
Kids: Test Stress
PBS Kids is the only one of this week's picks especially written
for elementary and middle-school grades. Navigate through the
mini-site by clicking through the topic index in the upper-right
hand corner. "Do you know someone who never gets bothered
by tests and can take them without breaking a sweat? Yeah, some
people are lucky like that. But for most of us, taking tests
can cause a lot of icky feelings and sensations."
Guides and Strategies: Testing with Success
"Answer questions in a strategic order: Easy questions
first to build confidence. Then those with the most point value."
Peruse these tips by following the links at the bottom of this
introductory lesson. They cover taking online tests, multiple-choice
tests, short-answer tests, open-book exams, math exams and more.
"Studying is only a part of getting good results on your
exam. No matter how hard you study as a student if you don't
know how to go about taking a test, whether multiple choice
or essay, you won't score the highest possible mark."
This entire site is about taking tests, and includes sections
on note taking, study tips, cramming, and test anxiety.
success in school isnt always easy, but it is doable
if you put your mind to it. Step one is improving your study
skills. Although many of this weeks study-skill sites
are written by university counselors, their sound advice is
equally applicable to middle- and high-school students.
Corner: Study Skills
"Proven tips and techniques
for studying smarter... not harder. Active listening, reading
comprehension, note taking, stress management, time management,
testing taking, and memorization are only a few of the topics
addressed in our study skills guides for students. " To
view the complete list of study guides, scroll down the page.
Some are general guides for any kind of study, and others are
topic specific, such as English, Chemistry, or Philosophy.
Dr. Charles T. Mangrum
and Dr. Stephen S. Strichart are two former university professors
who joined forces in 1997 to create study skills curriculum
for students from elementary grades to college. Their study
skill recommendations are either articles (look in Study Skill
Articles) or short tips submitted by readers like you (look
in Study Tips). "Don't sit and watch the clock when you
study. Do what it does. Keep going." Submitted by Luca
Fuertes, Student, 6th Grade, Bangkok, Thailand.
Berkeley: Study and Success Strategies
(or boring) subjects first. If your chemistry problems put you
to sleep, get to them first, while you are fresh. Most of us
tend to do what we like first, yet the courses we find most
difficult require the most creative energy. Save the subjects
you enjoy for later." Excellent tips from University of
California, Berkeley, on managing procrastination and building
a seven-day study plan.
of North Carolina: Study Habits & the Ten Traps
The appeal of top
ten lists is universal, and the Ten Traps of Studying doesn't
disappoint. Here's one I remember from college: "I'm Gonna
Stay Up All Night 'til I Get This." Unfortunately exhaustion
takes its toll both physically and mentally, and recall improves
when study time is spread out over time (not crammed into a
single session.) Whenever you study, remember to take plenty
of breaks; the experts seem to agree on ten minutes every hour.
Tech: Study Skills Self Help
Best Virginia Tech
clicks are the five Online Study Skills Workshops (including
Seven Strategies for Improving Test Performance) which are
self-paced slide shows that pop up in their own windows. I
suggest starting with the Study Skills Inventory. After answering
thirty-two questions on a sliding scale from "Very true"
to "Not true at all," you'll be directed to various
sections of the site (such as articles on time management
or note taking) based on your own weaknesses.
classification is a system of organizing living things into
categories, from most inclusive (the biggest one) to least
inclusive (the smallest one.) This kind of hierarchical classification
is also known as a taxonomy. There are seven main divisions
in the system of living things: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order,
Family, Genus, Species. But scientists also use super-divisions
and sub-divisions. A human, for example, is classified as:
Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Chordata; Subphylum: Vertebrata;
Class: Mammalia; Subclass: Theria; Infraclass: Eutheria; Order:
Primates; Suborder: Anthropoidea; Superfamily: Hominoidea;
Family: Hominidae; Genus: Homo; Species: sapiens. Scientific
names (such as Homo sapiens for humans) are created by combing
the genus and species.
Learner: Classifying Living Things
"Species are the basic unit of classification. While there
are different views on what defines a species, in sexually reproducing
organisms, a species has traditionally been defined by the ability
of its members to reproduce together to form fertile offspring."
This unit on scientific classification is just one of eight
sessions that comprise this online Life Science course. It includes
instructions for building a habitat in a large soda bottle.
Bitesize: Science Classification
"The first big division of living things in the classification
system is to put them into one of five kingdoms. These are based
on what an organism's cells are like. " These kingdoms
are Protoctists, Prokaryotes, Fungi, Plants, and Animals. Visit
this BBC mini-site for a 9-page introduction to biology classification,
along with a video activity, and an online ten-question quiz.
Common names are the ones you might use when talking with
your friends. You call your pet a dog or a cat (the common name).
Scientists call those animals by a set of several names like
Canis familiarus. That's a dog. This excellent lesson
includes lots of illustrations, videos, and links to additional
reference sites. For photos of species from different kingdoms,
scroll down to the bottom of the page and click on Taxonomy
A one-page overview of the seven main categories of scientific
classifications, and a fun mnemonic to help you remember them:
King Phillip, Come Out For Goodness Sake! "A species can
be defined as a group of individuals that breed together to
produce fertile offspring. Individuals of a species cannot breed
with other such groups. It is sometimes possible for different
species to breed, but the offspring will be sterile. A mule
is the sterile offspring of a donkey and a horse, and the mule
can never mate and reproduce itself."
Carolus Linneaus was an eighteenth century Swedish zoologist,
who created the first version of the scientific classification
still used today. "The original Linnaean system of classification
did not include two major categories now in common use (phylum
and family), but included all of the others (i.e., class,
order, genus, and species). It also lacked the subspecies
Some things are improved with technology, while others are
better the old-fashioned way. I think interactive crossword
puzzles beat their pen-and-paper counterparts hands down.
I like being able to change letters, get hints, and check
my work as I go. What's a three-letter word for "online crossword
Monday New York Times Crossword Puzzles
Among crossword puzzle fans, the daily New York Times crosswords,
edited by Will Shortz, are legendary. Monday puzzles are the
easiest puzzles of the week, and About.com provides a free archive
of 465 Monday crossword puzzles. These can be played online,
printed, or downloaded in AcrossLite format. AcrossLite is a
popular puzzle format (files end in .puz) and players are available
for Windows, Mac, iPad, and Android.
With topics such as Back-to-School, Dr. Seuss, Egyptian Mummies,
Harry Potter, and Farm Animal Noises, these simple crosswords
are just for kids! Each puzzle page includes links to related
content, such as mazes and word search puzzles. Look for the
PDF icon to print the crossword; there are no interactive puzzles.
Emmett Quigley: Easy Puzzles
Brendan Emmett Quigley is a professional crossword puzzle creator
and a frequent competitor in puzzle competitions. His easy puzzles
can be played online, printed as a PDF, or exported in the AcrossLite
format. For more challenging puzzles, look for the Medium and
Hard links in the second column. Quigley publishes new puzzles
twice a week.
Choose from over 300 15x15 interactive puzzles, or make your
own and save it for future play. "Standard puzzles use
symmetric grids with lots of standard crossword words and a
few words that fit the theme. Crozzle puzzles use only words
that fit the theme." Topics are diverse, and include Cars,
Baseball, Astronomy, Literature, Holidays, and Computers.
"Having trouble getting the last word in that puzzle?
Having trouble getting the first? See if our search engine
can help! Unlike pure pattern dictionary searches, we actually
analyze the clue as well." This is a pretty amazing tool.
To use it, enter the exact clue and an answer pattern. For
unknown letters, use a question mark. For example, for clue
"Cut" and pattern "h???" you get the answer
"hewn" along with other lower rated answers such
as "snip" and "sawn."
The lion (Panthera leo), often called the king of the jungle,
is one of five big cats (others being tigers, jaguars, leopards,
and snow leopards). And big they are; some male lions exceed
550 pounds! Wild lions currently live in sub-Saharan Africa
and in Asia, and some types of lions have disappeared from
North Africa and Southwest Asia. Humans are their only natural
enemy. Although they are not categorized as endangered under
the Endangered Species Act of 1973, some experts say lions
are at risk of extinction by 2020.
"Lions are the only truly social cats, with related females
living together in prides overseen by male coalitions that compete
for possession in fierce and often fatal battles." Visit
for a lion photo gallery, along with quick facts about the distribution,
habitats, classification, behaviors, conservation status (vulnerable).
This is quite a long page, so keep on scrolling!
Geographic Kids: 10 Lion Facts!
"An adult male's roar can be heard up to 8 km away."
"The name for a baby lion is a cub, whelp or lionet."
"In the wild, lions live for an average of 12 years and
up to 16 years. They live up to 25 years in captivity."
These ten lion facts are accompanied by a photo slide show,
and followed by links to facts about jaguars, tigers, and the
Geographic Kids: Lion
"When a new male becomes part of the pride it is not unusual
for him to kill all the cubs, ensuring that all future cubs
will have his genes. The main job of males in the pride is defending
the pride's territory." Elementary and middle-school students
should visit for easy lion facts and interesting features such
as Letters to Lions, and 10 Cool Reasons to Save Lions.
Geographic: Serengeti Lion
"Enter the world of the Vumbi pride. The lions strut and
grimace, bare their teeth. One drapes a paw indolently, another
nuzzles." This photo essay is stunning, but it took me
a few moments to figure out how to traverse it. The trick is
that there is both horizontal and vertical scrolling. You can
use a mouse-click to enter a section, and then use your arrows
(up/down, left/right) to move around. When you mouse over an
image, a menu bar will appear at the bottom of the screen that
will display a caption and commentary link. Click either to
learn more about the image or video.
Diego Zoo: Lion
"The Swahili word for lion, simba, also means "king,"
"strong," and "aggressive." The word lion
has similar meaning in our vocabulary. If you call someone
lionhearted, you're describing a courageous and brave person.
If you lionize someone, you treat that person with great interest
or importance." Enjoy a virtual visit to the San Diego
Zoo, complete with a photo slideshow, Fun Facts, and information
about lion conservation.
Students And Teachers Against Racism
announces their new website that offers insight into the Native
American perspective to teachers and educators.
Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund
raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek
to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination,
racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.