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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Seeds of Native Health: A Campaign for Indigenous Nutrition
Extreme poverty and the loss of traditional foods have caused many Native Americans to suffer from poor or inadequate diets. This has led to increased obesity, diabetes, and other profound health problems on a large scale.
Hoyo Negro - A Submerged Late Pleistocene Cave Site in Quintana Roo
Hoyo Negro is the most important Paleoindian site discovered in the last decade. The complete, well-preserved skeleton of a young girl from the Late Pleistocene period rests at the floor of a large chamber inside an underwater cave in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula. Remains of extinct megafauna are scattered about the floor and walls of the chamber, some of them commingled with the skeleton of the girl.
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Kids' Jokes
In honor of April's appointment as National Humor Month, today's topic is clean, funny jokes. National Humor Month was founded in 1976 by author Larry Wilde, who chose April because of its frequently bleak weather, the fact that it begins with April Fool's Day, and to counteract the stress of taxes being due on the April 15. Have a joke of your own to share? Jokes By Kids would love to read it.
101 Kidz: Jokes
"What do you get if you cross a spider and an elephant? I'm not sure, but if you see one walking across the ceiling then run before it collapses!" With an emphasis on animal jokes, there are pages and pages of kid-friendly jokes and riddles at 101 Kidz. Visit for jokes about chickens, dinosaurs, elephants, cats, insects, spiders and flies. A few of these animals have their categories listed on the main joke page. For the rest of the animals, you will need to page through the Animal Jokes section, looking for the sub-categories.

Aha Jokes: Kids Jokes
"What do you call an ant who skips school? A truant!" " Why were the early days of history called the dark ages? Because there were so many knights!" The Aha kids jokes are divided into Animal Jokes, Doctor Jokes, Knock Knock, Scary Jokes, School Jokes and Silly Jokes. The navigation isn't fancy, but if you follow the green arrows, you'll scroll through the joke collections page by page.

AzKidsNet: Knock Knock Jokes!
As good comedians know, how a joke is presented is just as important as the joke itself. I like the presentation at AzKidsNet because the punchline is hidden until you make it appear. On the Knock Knock Jokes pages, simply hover over "Who's There?" to see the question, and then move over to "Answer" to see the punchline. The other joke pages, such as Elephant Jokes, Riddles and Brainteasers, use a variety of different (but easy to use) click and hover techniques to keep the answers hidden until you are ready for them.
Ducksters: Jokes: You Quack Me Up!
Navigation at Ducksters is simple, but it works. The jokes and riddles are divided into twenty-nine categories and subcategories. Some of the more unusual ones are Tree Jokes, Occupation Jokes and Geography Jokes. "What has five eyes and is lying on the water? The Mississippi River!" "Where do pianists go for vacation? Florida Keys!" "What rock group has four men that don't sing? Mount Rushmore!"

Reader's Digest: Kids Jokes
"What's the difference between a cat and a comma? A cat has claws at the end of paws. A comma is a pause at the end of a clause." Kids jokes are just one of the Reader Digest joke categories. Others include Knock-Knock Jokes, Corny Jokes, Riddles, and Cartoons. You can also submit your own joke. Look for the link in the drop-down Jokes menu near the top of any page. If your joke is selected for the print magazine, you'll be paid $100!

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What is a Digital Footprint?
Your digital footprint is all the bits of information about you scattered across cyberspace. Your digital footprint includes information you deliberately shared (social media, forums, blogging, commenting) as well as data acquired or tracked behind the scenes (for example, with browser cookies). Do you understand the ramifications of your digital footprint?
Common Sense Media: Trillion-Dollar Footprint
These teaching materials for grades six to eight include plenty of resources for kids including the main video lesson, downloadable student packets, and Family Tip Sheets. Common Sense Media also has materials for other age groups. Just search "digital footprint" in the search box in the upper right-hand corner.
Digital Citizenship Adventures
"Bottom line: if the world is listening to us when we are [on] the web, then let's make sure what we say is interesting, engaging, positive and representative of our better selves." This site includes great resources for searching for your digital footprint, and role playing about the possible ramifications of your footprint. How will it affect your college admissions or job opportunities?
InCtrl: Teaching Digital Citizenship
"In a digital world and information-sharing age, it can sometimes be hard to understand where privacy ends and what the real risks are. Everyone cares about their reputation, but many students don't know that what they do online can impact their digital footprint, permanently." This online lesson includes two videos, a printable handout, and notes for teachers.
Internet Society: Your Digital Footprints Matters
"No matter what you do online, it's important you know what kind of trail you're leaving, and what the possible effects can be. While it's not possible to have zero footprints, the first steps toward reducing your digital footprint and managing your digital identity are not that hard." This excellent site features nine video tutorials starting with "What is a Digital Footprint?" You'll find them listed in the middle of the page, under the subhead "Watch These Online Tutorials."

Your Digital Footprint
Developed by graduate students at George Washington University, this site for educators includes sections on assessing your digital footprint, and a Digital Footprint Adventure game. "Your students may be digital natives, but they may also be digitally naive. The purpose of this site is not to scare your students, but to urge them to think critically about their behavior online, and how that may affect them in the present and in the future."

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Annie Oakley
Annie Oakley (August 13, 1860 – November 3, 1926) was an American sharpshooter with a starring role in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show. Her fame cemented her position as America's first female star. Oakley is also known for promoting the role of women in combat, and for her charity to orphans.
Annie Oakley Center Foundation: Frequently Asked Questions
The Annie Oakley Center Foundation is a non-profit promoting Oakley's memory. This FAQ page is actually an Annie Oakley biography in a Q&A format. "How did Annie start shooting? From the age of five, Annie had trapped birds and small animals to help supply food for her family. At about age seven, she tried using the old muzzle-loading gun that had belonged to her father in hopes of bagging even more game."
Biography: Shoot 'em, Cowgirl! 5 Facts on Annie Oakley
"Oakley used her talents of unmatched shooting skills to create a new career for women who revolted against traditional pioneer trades, raising her family out of poverty and starring in Buffalo Bill's Wild West show around the world. Today she is remembered as a heroine whose legacy lives on through film, literature and a Broadway musical." After perusing these five fun facts, follow the link to Oakley's biography (it's at the end of the opening paragraph).
Buffalo Bill Center of the West: Annie Oakley
From the research desk of the Buffalo Bill Museum of Wyoming, comes this Annie Oakley biography. "The United States was pulled into World War I in 1917, and Oakley offered to raise a regiment of woman volunteers to fight in the war. She had made the same offer during the Spanish-American War; neither time was it accepted."
Garden of Praise: Annie Oakley
Garden of Praise is the only one of today's sites specifically written for kids. It includes an Annie Oakley biography, photo gallery, online games, and printable activities such as a study sheet, quiz, crossword puzzle, word search puzzle and coloring pages. For direct links to the various sections, click on "Explore this Page."

PBS: American Experience's Wild West: Annie Oakley
"Both lucky and extremely talented, Annie Oakley used her astonishing marksmanship to escape a poor childhood in Ohio and rise to become the first female superstar in what had been a male-dominated profession." Visit this PBS site to read an Annie Oakley biography, watch an 8-minute video, read a transcript of the Annie Oakley episode of American Experience, or download the Teacher Guide.

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As my kids were growing up, I went through various cycles of nutrition nagging ("Drink your milk!") and nutrition bribing ("I'll trade you one cookie for four green beans.") To those of you on the front line today, fighting the good fight in the nutrition wars and the battle of the bulge, I offer these fun, educational websites.
Choose My Plate
The USDA now uses a plate metaphor instead of the Food Pyramid of yesteryear. What should be on our plate? Vegetables, grains, fruits, and protein (in order from most to least) with a side serving of dairy, such as milk. Choose My Plate uses games, activity sheets, videos, songs, recipes, and ideas for physical activities to teach us about nutrition.
Food Champs
With bright colors and cartoon mascots, Food Champs has fun and games for kids as young as two. Choices include coloring pages, printable stickers, printable recipe cards, interactive games, printable activity sheets, and a gallery of artwork. Games are divided into two age groups: two to five, and six to eight. They include Farm to Fork (learn how food gets from the field to your table), Fruit & Vegetable Math, and Healthy Choices Maze.
Nourish Interactive
"Celebrate National Nutrition Month by setting one goal. This month make the pledge to help kids eat healthier. Pledge to help children choose more fruits and vegetables." Nourish Interactive (created by nutrition professionals) has something for everyone in your family: dozens of printables with healthy tips, puzzles, coloring pages, games, and recipes.
"What should I eat? What is exercise? What should I know to stay healthy and strong? Enter the enchanted world of Playnormous to find out. There's an interactive story unfolding, and YOU play a starring role." With games for kids, learning guides for parents, and classroom activities for teachers, Playnormous is my nutrition pick of the week for K-5 kids and the grownups that love them.

SuperKids Nutrition for Kids
"Saving the World, One Healthy Food at a Time!" This page for elementary ages introduces nutrition concepts through the Super Crew. Click on a character (from Abigail to Carlos) and explore their super powers, as you eat your way though the rainbow. As Abigail says, "I get my powers from all colors of healthy foods."

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Color Vision
Color vision is our brain's response to light reacting with our eye's cone cells. Humans have three types of cone cells, each reactive to a different color: red, green, or blue. But color perception is subjective, and different people see colors differently. Recently a striped party dress caused an online frenzy because there's no consensus on its color. Is the dress white and gold, or blue and black? Mostly, people just felt confused. To help, here's a round up of sites on how we process colors.
Colorblind Home Page
"This web-site defines being colorblind and will educate you about the different types of colorblindness. It explains why you may be colorblind and what teachers, school nurses, and parents should know about being colorblind." Visit to take an online color vision test, and to learn more about what it's like being colorblind.
Color Matters
"Color plays a vitally important role in the world in which we live. Color can sway thinking, change actions, and cause reactions. It can irritate or soothe your eyes, raise your blood pressure or suppress your appetite." This extensive site is my pick of the day for both students and adults. It includes sections on the science, sociology, and art of color, as well as a section just for kids: Color Matters for Kids.
Neuroscience for Kids: Color Vision
Although the site is rather tired looking, it is a must visit if you're interested in doing a color vision experiment. "In the Class Experiment, students discover that afterimages occur because of properties of cells in the retina and because of the way nerve pathways carry color information to the brain. They learn basic facts about photoreceptors, nerve connections, and opponent colors." The site includes a student guide, a teacher guide (both in PDF), background material to introduce the science concepts, and ideas for additional experiments.
Physics of Light and Color
For the high-school and college crowd, this physics primer from Florida State University is part of a larger site on microscopy, which is research using microscopes. My favorite clicks are the interactive lessons. They are integrated throughout the site, but you'll find a listing of them if you scroll to the very bottom of this page, and follow the link to Light and Color Java Tutorials.

Physics Classroom: Light Waves and Color
"Color can be thought of as a psychological and physiological response to light waves of a specific frequency or set of frequencies impinging upon the eye." This illustrated high-school and college physics tutorial is divided into two lessons. The first addresses the "wave-like nature of light." The second looks at color: the "narrow band of visible light is affectionately known as ROYGBIV." Continue to the last page to learn why the sky is blue, the sun yellow, and sunsets red.

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2015 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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