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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Indian Legends
StorytellingWhile Native American culture has struggled to survive through centuries of displacement and assimilation, the stories and legends passed on from generation to generation refuse to die; this is perhaps due to their common, timeless message of peace and harmony with nature, which is now more relevant with each passing year.
Alaska Native Language Center
The Alaska Native Language Center was established by state legislation in 1972 as a center for research and documentation of the twenty Native languages of Alaska. It is internationally known and recognized as the major center in the United States for the study of Eskimo and Northern Athabascan languages.
"We Are A Horse Nation"
To present a quality Documentary Film that will tell the story of why we (Oceti Sakowin) are a “Sunka Wakan Oyate” (Horse Nation). This film will present that story through the voices of the Oceti Sakowin (Lakota, Dakota & Nakota). This project will be a working example of the philosophy of the Oceti Sakowin, and as “relatives” we will bring together Traditional & Contemporary Lakota/Dakota/Nakota songs, stories, teachings, experiences, knowledge, thoughts & beliefs, to be compiled for a one-of-a-kind film resource; to be utilized by the intended audience of the future generations of the Oceti Sakowin.

Tiwahe Glu Kini Pi
SGU Tiwahe Glu Kini Pi System of Care program is here to improve the lives and conditions of children and families suffering with Serious Emotional Behavioral Disturbances. To enhance mental health services for children and their families using Lakota cultural practices, contemporary counseling and equine therapy. Develop a counseling center that will partner with all other child and family serving programs and increase mental health services on the Rosebud reservation. Tiwahe Glu Kini Pi serves children, ages 3-21, and their families who live within the 5 county area of the Sicangu reservation.

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Thanksgiving Crafts
With cooler, shorter fall days, now is the perfect time to gather round the kitchen table with construction paper, glue, paint and scissors to make some Thanksgiving crafts. I could never design any of these clever craft projects myself, but I do know where to find them online. Remember, it’s not about coloring within the lines or cutting along them, it’s just about having fun and being together. Enjoy!
Better Homes & Gardens: Thanksgiving Crafts
These Thanksgiving craft projects run the gamut from Kids' Crafts (scroll down the page) to hostess gifts, but all are illustrated and well documented. One preschool craft that caught my eye was the Turkey Keeper made with construction paper outlines of your child's hands and feet. "Write the date on the back of the turkey so you can remember, in the years to come, when it was that your children really were this small."
Danielle's Place: Thanksgiving Crafts and Activities
Although Danielle's Place features bible-based crafts, these Thanksgiving crafts are suitable for families of all faiths. Highlights include several paper-plate turkeys, a cute napkin holder, and a leaf wreath. Many of the illustrated crafts include printable templates to cut, color and glue, although a few of the printable items are only available to paying members.
DLTK-Kids: Thanksgiving Activities
At DLTK, it's not just about Thanksgiving crafts, but also about online games (Thanksgiving Word Searches and Jigsaws), recipes ("some for mom, some for kids"), songs, greeting cards, coloring pages, and printables. A few of my favorites were printable Thanksgiving Bingo cards (great for an after dinner game, look in Printables) and Autumn Leaf Turkey (found in Turkey Crafts.)
Free Kids Crafts: Thanksgiving Crafts
"Kids know that Thanksgiving is not just turkeys! You'll find Native American crafts, place settings to make and even simple recipes for kids. It is a time for giving Thanks for all the good things in our life." One craft that caught my eye was the Bubble Wrap Indian Corn, where bubble wrap is dipped in white and yellow paint and then pressed onto corn-shaped construction paper. Sounds like so much fun. Who can resist playing with bubble wrap?

Pinterest: Thanksgiving Craft Ideas for Kids
Pinner Amanda, known as Arsty Momma, has collected 240 pins on her Thanksgiving Craft Ideas for Kids board. She's done an excellent job curating crafts from all across the web, and along the way has collected 9,989 followers who think so too! Remember, to visit the originating site (to view the step-by-step instructions) be sure to click the pins twice.

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Pumpkin Carving
My childhood pumpkin memories look nothing like these fancy pumpkins. When did pumpkin carving get so elaborate? I can’t say, but these pumpkin patterns do look fun. Whether your interest is just in browsing the photo galleries, or you’re out to learn how to create your own pumpkin masterpiece, these sites are sure to please.

Disney Family: Pumpkin Carving Ideas
"Is a grinning jack-o'-lantern too tame for your family? Light up the party and add a little Disney magic to your Halloween with these pumpkin-carving ideas and printable templates." These Disney pumpkin templates star family favorites such as Maleficent, Vampire Mickey, Cruella De Vil, and Jack Skellington.

DLTK: Pumpkin Carving Patterns
"While you can muddle through some of the simpler designs with serrated knives, tablespoons and a small nail, you'll be well served investing in some pumpkin carving tools if you plan on attempting some of the more detailed designs." I love the patterns here because they come with really simple instructions for beginners. Designs include Sponge Bob, scary cats, Thomas the Tank Engine, spiders, spider webs, skulls, haunted houses, and a number of traditional jack-o'-lantern faces.

Extreme Pumpkins
"Pumpkin carving has been reborn. This time it is a little bit deformed." These whacked-out pumpkins from the mind of Tom Nardone are not for the toddler set. At Extreme Pumpkins you'll find "shocking, funny, and gross" pumpkin designs such as a puking pumpkin, a flaming head pumpkin, and a worm infested pumpkin. In addition to the free pumpkin patterns, the site has info on preserving pumpkins with Clorox bleach, making fake blood, and carving a person's likeness onto a pumpkin from a digital photograph.

Pumpkin Carving 101
Pumpkin Carving 101 is the encyclopedia of pumpkin carving. It offers a history of the jack-o'-lanterns, advice on choosing a pumpkin, tips on growing pumpkins, a guide to carving tools, how to light your pumpkin, how to photograph your pumpkin and more. Of particular interest to those just starting out with stencil carving, are their lessons on how to make a pumpkin stencil and how to use a pumpkin stencil.

The Pumpkin Wizard
"This site specializes in three toned pumpkin carving patterns, which require an additional step of peeling the outside and some of the flesh from the pumpkin. This adds greater depth and eye popping realism to your carvings." With 570 free pumpkin carving patterns and a forum for asking and answering pumpkin carving questions, the Pumpkin Wizard is a one-stop shop for pumpkin carving fanatics.
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Comma Rules
The poor overused comma is a frequently misunderstood punctuation mark. This week’s website picks explain comma usage in as few as five rules, or as many as thirty.
Grammar Book: Commas
"Rule 2. Use a comma to separate two adjectives when the adjectives are interchangeable." This is why we don't use a comma for "delicious Chinese food" (these are known as cumulative adjectives) but use the comma for coordinate adjectives such as "heavy, bulky furniture." Jane Straus's guide to commas gives us sixteen rules, followed by a quiz that sells for 99 cents. A print edition of The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation is also available for purchase.
Grammarly Handbook: Comma
"A little dot with a tail; how could such a thing be relevant to a language? It could, for goodness' sake, be mistaken for a smudge on the page. Yet, people get so fired up about comma use that it appears to be a matter of life or death." Starting with a definition ("A comma is a soft stop."), Grammarly presents over thirty comma rules to guide your writing, including a discussion of the Oxford comma and the comma splice.
The Guide to Grammar and Writing: Commas
Professor Charles Darling's comprehensive guide to commas includes eleven rules, the last of which is Use Commas With Caution. "As you can see, there are many reasons for using commas, and we haven't listed them all. Yet the biggest problem that most students have with commas is their overuse. Some essays look as though the student loaded a shotgun with commas and blasted away. Remember, too, that a pause in reading is not always a reliable reason to use a comma. Try not to use a comma unless you can apply a specific rule from this page to do so."
Oxford Dictionaries: Comma
"Used properly, commas make the meaning of sentences clear by grouping and separating words, phrases, and clauses. Many people are uncertain about the use of commas, though, and often sprinkle them throughout their writing without knowing the basic rules." LOL! Oxford Dictionaries keeps it simple with five straightforward comma rules: in lists, in direct speech, to separate clauses, to mark off certain parts of a sentence, and with 'however.'

Pinterest: Comma Rules
This Pinterest board, from pinner Leslie Howell, is chock-full of infographics, printable classroom handouts, and comma learning activities. If you have a free Pinterest account, you can follow the Comma Rules board, and you'll be alerted whenever Howell adds a new pin. If you are not a regular Pinterest user, keep in mind that you need to click twice on a pin in order to visit the originating website.

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German Reunification
Forty-five years after the country was split in two in 1949, Germany was reunited in 1990 when East Germany joined West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) to form a united Germany. Also united was the city of Berlin, which had been separated by a Wall from 1961 until 1989. The unification process is celebrated as a national German holiday on October 3, known as German Unity Day.
BBC: Timeline: Germany
BBC News presents a chronology of German history starting with Emperor Charlemagne in 800, and ending with the elections of 2012. The timeline of the reunification starts in 1949. "Germany is divided. The US, French and British zones in the west become the Federal Republic of Germany; the Soviet zone in the east becomes the communist German Democratic Republic. Konrad Adenauer, of the Christian Democrats (CDU) is West Germany's first chancellor. East Germany is led by Walter Ulbricht."
Berlin Wall Memorial
In 1961, the East Germans erected a 103-mile barrier to separate East Berlin from West Berlin. The Berlin Wall blocked free access in both directions for twenty-eight years. In November 1989, the Wall was opened, and East German citizens could once again travel without restriction to the West. Located in the middle of the city, the Berlin Wall Memorial "contains the last piece of Berlin Wall with the preserved grounds behind it and is thus able to convey an impression of how the border fortifications developed until the end of the 1980s." October 3 - Day of German Unity
The German Missions in the United States offers an introduction to Germany in this website. This section about the Day of German Unity provides five articles about the historic event, and its worldwide implications. "More than remembering the wall, fences and armed guards that separated East from West during the Cold War, the Day of German Unity is a time to celebrate the peaceful unification and a time to renew the commitment to using freedom to help shape our world."
SBS Australia: Timeline: Partition to Reunification
Here's one more timeline, this one from the SBS TV station in Australia. It covers the events leading up to reunification, starting with 1961 when the Berlin Wall was erected to separate East and West Berlin. It continues until 1990 when the first united Germany parliamentary elections are held, and the new Bundestag (German parliament) is formed on December 20, 1990.

US Diplomacy Center: Germany: East and West Unite
"President George H.W. Bush and Secretary of State James Baker III endorsed Chancellor Helmut Kohl's 1989 proposal seeking unity, despite resistance from Britain and France. U.S. and German diplomats worked collegially together on the Two Plus Four Agreement - Two Germanys and Four Allies, finally bringing an end to conflict that emerged in post-War Germany." This excellent resource is published by the U.S. Diplomacy Center, an organization honoring the service of U.S. diplomats.

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2014 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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