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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki

Art of the Native Americans - The Thaw Collection
The exhibition reveals the extraordinary range of art produced by Native American cultures. While the works of art are enormously diversified in type, style, and use of materials, they demonstrate a consistent appreciation of the power of the natural world in human affairs and the universal appeal of beautifully realized works of art.

The Maidu Museum & Historic Site
The Maidu Museum & Historic Site offer a safe, fenced natural haven for families and individuals who want a brief respite from the hustle and bustle of city life. Graced by oak trees and bordered on the south by a branch of Linda Creek/Strap Ravine, the nature area offers a loop trail that takes you past ancient petroglyphs and hundreds of bedrock mortars for grinding acorns,evidence of Nisenan / southern Maidu occupation of the site for thousands of years. Inside the museum you'll find exhibits portraying the Maidu way of life.
Warrior Women Project
This project is an innovative collaboration of scholarship, media, and activism which seeks to provide a forum for the Warrior Women of the Red Power Movement to tell their stories in their own words for the benefit of future generations. We recognize women as history makers in their own right and as keepers of rich cultural traditions. The stories of these relatives, organizers, activists, thinkers, and community leaders cannot and should not be left absent from the modern history of indigenous peoples. For centuries the American public at large has gazed upon Native women through a Eurocentric worldview thereby missing the centrality of women in Native communities.

The Yurok Tribe
The Yurok Tribe is currently the largest Tribe in California, with more than 5,000 enrolled members. The Tribe provides numerous services to the local community and membership with its more than 200 employees. The Tribe’s major initiatives include: the Hoopa-Yurok Settlement Act, dam removal, natural resources protection, sustainable economic development enterprises and land acquisition.

The STAR School
The STAR School is a charter elementary school located 30 miles East of Flagstaff, Arizona. The school serves students in pre-school through grade 8 who live in the Southwest corner of the Navajo Nation and the surrounding rural area.
Cankdeska Cikana Community College
To provide education opportunities, at the community college level, including vocational and technical training. As a tribal community college, we emphasize the teaching and learning of Dakota culture and language toward the perpetuation of the Spirit Lake Dakota Nation. The goal is student independence and self-sufficiency through academic achievement.
College Of Menominee Nation
The College Of Menominee Nation’s mission is to provide opportunities in Higher Education to its students. As an institution of higher education chartered by the Menominee people, the college infuses this education with American Indian culture, preparing students for careers and advanced studies in a multi-cultural world. As a land grant institution, the College is committed to research, promoting, perpetuating and nurturing American Indian Culture, and providing outreach workshops and community service.
Fort Belknap College
The mission of Fort Belknap College is to provide quality post-secondary education for residents of the Fort Belknap Indian Reservation and surrounding communities. The college will help individuals improve their lives by offering them an opportunity to maintain the cultural integrity of the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine Tribes as well as succeed in an American technological society.
Northwest Indian College
Through education, Northwest Indian College promotes indigenous self determination and knowledge.
Sitting Bull College
Sitting Bull College is an academic and technical institution committed to improving the levels of education and training, economic and social development of the people it serves while promoting responsible behavior consistent with the Lakota/Dakota culture and language.
Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute
Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute is a National Indian Community College that prepares Native American students to be productive life-long learners as tribal members in an ever-changing global environment. As a land grant institution, SIPI partners with tribes, employers, and other organizations with a stake in Indian education. An enduring commitment to student success is the hallmark of SIPI’s operations.
U.S. Lacrosse Hawaii Chapter
The Mission of US Lacrosse Hawaii Chapter is to promote the development of lacrosse in Hawaii and the Pacific by maximizing our resources, dedication and leadership. We strive to provide programs and services that inspire participation while protecting and honoring the integrity of the game. We envision a future that offers people of all ages in our Pacific Region the opportunity to discover, learn, participate in, enjoy and ultimately embrace the shared passion of the lacrosse experience.
Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse
Our Grandfathers told us many stories that would relate to lacrosse and how one should conduct themselves and the importance of the INDIVIDUAL to the game. Lacrosse was a gift to us from the Creator, to be played for his enjoyment and as a medicine game for healing the people. The Haudenosaunee people know that all creatures, no matter how big or small, are significant and have a contribution to make to the overall cycle of life. Long ago our we were told the following story about a great ball game that took place between the four-legged animals and the winged birds...
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Although mummies share the big screen and Halloween streets with make-believe monsters such as werewolves and vampires, they are real! A mummy is a corpse with preserved skin and internal organs. Although often associated with Ancient Egypt, mummies have been found in a variety of cultures around the world. The Egyptians mummified their dead for religious reasons, but some mummies are preserved accidentally in ice or soggy bogs.

Mummy Tombs
Retired college professor James M. Deem shares his fascination with mummies to encourage learners of all ages to discard their mistaken ideas about mummies (popularized by classic, scary movies) and learn about the science and history of mummies. His site includes sections on science, museum exhibits, and mummy sites such as Egypt, Pompeii and the bogs of Ireland, Scotland, Germany and other European locales. "Bog mummies are accidental mummies, made only by nature. In northern Europe, the people who became bog mummies usually died from 2000-2500 years ago, though some are even older and others much more recent."

NOVA Online: Mummies 101
This PBS webpage is part of the Mummies of China site. It provides an introduction to mummies from all over the world, including Ancient Egypt, the Chinchoros of Chile, and the Aleuts of Alaska. To explore more of the Mummies of China site, follow the links in the left-hand navigation menu. "Not to put too fine a point on it, a mummy is an old dead body. But unlike a skeleton or a fossil, a mummy still retains some of the soft tissue it had when it was alive ? most often skin, but sometimes organs and muscles, as well."

The Teacher's Corner: Chicken Mummies
Teacher Carla Detter shares her instructions for making mummies in the classroom from whole, fresh, grocery-store chickens. She explains, "The original idea for this activity came from the book Theme Series- Egypt by Creative Teaching Press. I modified the process. So far, our mummies have survived and so have we. We unwrapped one of the chickens from last year. You could see some red meat and the bones were still hard. It did not smell! The students were excited to see what had happened over a year's time and yet leery of getting too close!"

University of Chicago: Oriental Institute: Mummy Game
"Greetings! I am Anubis, the god of embalming. The ancient Egyptians believed that the body of the deceased needed to be preserved so that the soul could recognize it after death." Embalm your own mummy with this Flash game, while you learn what mummification is, and how the Egyptians did it. Although the images are not disturbing, some of the activities are a little gross. Play at your own risk!

University of Michigan: Mummies of Ancient Egypt
This illustrated online textbook for elementary and middle-school students answers questions such as "What are mummies?", "How are mummies made?", and "Who were the mummies?" It also has a glossary of hieroglyphs, and a timeline of Ancient Egypt from the 1st Dynasty in 2995 BC to the Roman Period ending in the 7th century AD. Although the website has not been updated since 1997, it remains useful and easy to navigate.

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Day of the Dead
Day of the Dead (Dia de los Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated on two days, starting November 1. The focus of the joyous holiday is a celebration of the lives of dead family and friends. It a melding of the Catholic holidays of All Saint's Day (November 1), All Souls Day (November 2) and indigenous festivals that date back thousands of years. Day of the Dead
"More than 500 years ago, when the Spanish Conquistadors landed in what is now Mexico, they encountered natives practicing a ritual that seemed to mock death. It was a ritual the indigenous people had been practicing at least 3,000 years." In addition to a calendar of Arizona events celebrating the Day of the Dead, features the history of the holiday, dozens of craft ideas, a glossary, and lots of recipes. But the best click is the Students and Teachers section that includes a printable handout with coloring pages, a word search puzzle, craft templates, and lesson plans.

Day of the Dead in Mexico
"Day of the Dead in Mexico represents a mixture of Christian devotion and Pre-Hispanic traditions and beliefs. As a result of this mixture, the celebration comes to life as an unique Mexican tradition including an altar and offerings dedicated to the deceased." Photographer Mary J. Andrade has been capturing Day of the Dead celebrations throughout Mexico since 1987. This site showcases her books and photography with a gallery organized by city (such as Tlaxcala and Veracruz) and subject (such as altars, toys, and parade of the children.)

Kinderart: Day of the Dead Calavera Skull Masks
This beautiful skull mask art project (the Spanish word for skull is "calavera") was designed by teaching artist Anitra Redlefsen. The downloadable templates come in two flavors: one with a design in black and white, ready to be colored, the other a blank mask, ready for your own design. Be sure to also check out Ms. Redlefsen's site, where she has another Day of the Dead art project called Day of the Dead Marigold Sculpture, and the link listed under Resources, which houses lots of Day of the Dead PowerPoints for classroom or after-school club.

LIFE: Day of the Dead: Unique Memorials
"Two boys earn money by painting graves for families visiting the cemeteries in Manila, Philippines. Families want the graves of their relatives painted so the souls will accept the offerings they put upon the decorated tombstones." Seventeen striking images from LIFE showcase Day of the Dead memorials around the world. Each photo is annotated, and the collection captures the essence of the joyous holiday, in all its diversity. Countries represented include Mexico, the Philippines, Costa Rica, Boliva, Guatemala, El Salvador and England. Following the slide show, are links to additional holiday photo galleries such as Cinco de Mayo, and Halloween.

Palomar College: Site for the Dead
"The Day of the Dead, contrary to common perceptions, is not homogeneous. On the contrary, since its origin it has constantly changed due to the influence of various groups such as the Olmecas, Mayas, Zapotecas, Mixtecas, Toltecas, Chichimecas and Mexicas among many others. Culture is not static, and the Day of the Dead is a wonderful example of dynamic syncretism since its beginning." From the Multicultural Studies Department at Palomar College (San Marcos, California), this Day of the Dead site covers a lot of ground with its sections on history, traditions, altars, and art, although I found the font difficult to read.

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Halloween Party Ideas
Hosting a Halloween party can either be a fun, safe alternative to trick-or-treating, or can be held on an alternate night to double your holiday fun. This week's roundup of party planning sites are sure to spark your imagination, with ideas for food, homemade invitations and hundreds of Halloween party games.

Birthday Party Ideas: Halloween Party
Although this site specializes in birthday party ideas, this page is dedicated to Halloween parties. It includes dozens of detailed party plans submitted by readers. Each plan includes ideas for invitations, decorations, games, food, party favors and costumes. Some of these are wildly original. How about a Kitty Litter Treasure Hunt built with a kiddie pool, bird seed (because it is re-usable) and melted Tootsie Rolls? Eww! For details, read the Skeleanimal Halloween Party for 11 year olds, submitted by Jennifer of Gettysburg, PA.

Britta: Halloween Recipes
Britta ("Webmistress of the Dark") reveals recipes for dozens of her Halloween specialities, along with a photo archive of her annual Halloween shindigs. "You can see in the photos that over the years of being a Halloween Hostess, I have not only created more recipes, but also added spooky signs describing what my eerie edibles are, which I think add to the fun. How else would anyone know they were eating scabs, not just dried cranberries? ;)"

Party Game Ideas: Halloween Games
"Fun Halloween party games that haunt, scare, challenge, and make some scream with delight." This page hosts a mega-list of all their Halloween party games, annotated by age and game type. Sample categories include food games (Eat Your Brains and Gross Food Guess), story telling games (Create a Haunted Story or Spooky Sound Story) and search games such as Broomstick Witch Hunt and Costume Scavenger Hunt. A few of the printable games are for sale, but the rest all free.

Make Your Own Invitations: Homemade Halloween Invitations
"Having a spooky Halloween party and in need of a unique invitation idea? Invite your monsters and fiends to your party with one of our homemade invitation ideas." My favorite invite is the coffin or tombstone shaped invite with RIP and the guest's name. For an extra creepy touch, add the guests birthday and the date of the party, implying that the guest will die on the day of the party! Of course, this idea is not for toddlers. As with all things spooky, use your own discretion as to what is appropriate for your guests. Halloween Games
Martha Stewart's Halloween Games section includes eleven, illustrated party games, starting with Doughnuts on a String. "No need for prizes; they've just been eaten." For a truly mysterious prank to perform during the telling of a ghost story, learn how to make all the candles in the room go out, one by one, until you are sitting in darkness. This prank is described in game number six: Ghost Story Prank Blackout. For Martha's advice on Halloween decorations, costumes or recipes, look no further than the horizontal navigation on every page in Halloween Central.

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Online Safety
As the Internet has grown, online safety has become more complex. Threats to kids include stranger danger, cyber bullying, pornography, privacy invasion, and even harm to our computers via viruses and malware. The best way to teach our children is to set firm ground rules, and make sure that they step away from the computer and come to a parent or other trusted grownup if something online makes them uncomfortable.

Chatdanger is a British site produced by Childnet International, dedicated to spreading information about the "potential dangers on interactive services online like chat, IM, online games, email and on mobiles." Their site is divided into sections for each of these media, where advice and personal, real-life stories illustrate the importance of knowing the danger signs and following basic safety rules. "Never reply to text messages from people you don't know. This includes spam."

iKeepSafe Kids
The Internet Keep Safe Coalition is a partnership of community leaders from politics, law enforcement and education, and technology companies such as Google, Symantec, YouTube and AOL. Through the adventures of Faux Pax the cat, a safety mascot, kids learn about the dangers of downloading, dealing with cyber-bullying, and basic Internet safety rules. In addition to games, videos, and printable coloring pages, there are downloadable books in PPT format and curriculum materials.

Web Wise Kids
Web Wise Kids sells detective-style games based on real-life criminal cases, that can be used at home or in a classroom to engage students in the subject of Internet safety. They also have a free section that is compelling enough to warrant inclusion in my picks. Be sure to watch Katie's Story on video. She was fifteen when she met a twenty-two year old man in an Internet chat room. Katie now volunteers for Web Wise Kids, as she "shares her powerful first-hand testimony with other young teens and parents to let them know that what happened to her and her family can also happen to them."
With separate sections for teens, kids, parents, educators, and law enforcement, NetSmartz is a public-private partnership that teaches three basic online safety rules. "1) I will tell an adult I trust if anything makes me feel scared, uncomfortable, or confused. 2) I will ask my parents or guardian before sharing my personal information. 3) I won't meet in person with anyone I have first 'met' online." The lessons are imparted with games, interactive stories, and video.

X-BLOCK: iSafe
iSafe is a publisher of media literacy curriculum, and xBlock is a teen mentor program that gives students a chance to learn online safety and teach it to their peers and parents. Signing up is free, and the mentor training is all done online. After taking the online class, iMentors can sponsor Internet safety events at schools in their neighborhood, using free materials provided by iSafe.

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
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