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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


April 17, 2004 - Issue 111


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Apr. 17, 1881:

One Bull arrives back at Sitting Bull's camp with a reports on fort conditions.

Apr. 18, 1644:

Forces under 99 year old Opechancanough, a leader of the POWHATAN Confederacy, attacks the English along the Pamunkey and York rivers, 22 years after his first attack at Jamestown. His followers will kill almost 400 Virginia colonists.

Apr. 19, 1858:

The YANKTON SIOUX sign a treaty today. Article 8 provides for the Indians to retain access and use of the red pipestone quarry in southwestern, Minnesota.

Charter for the Virginia Company of London, 1606., Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Apr. 20, 1606:

According to the first charter of Virginia, issued today, part of the colonists goals are to civilize the natives. "...and may in time bring the infidels and savages, living in those parts, to human civility."

Apr. 21, 1869:

Donehogawa (Ely Samuel Parker) is appointed as the first Indian to be Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Donehogawa, a SENECA IROQUOIS, was trained as a lawyer and a civil engineer. Unable to find work in the white world, Donehogawa contacts his old friend Ulysses Grant. Grant makes him an aide, and they work together through much of the Civil War. Because of his excellent penmanship, Donehogawa draws up the surrender papers for Lee to sign at Appomattox. Promoted to Brigadier General, Ely Parker worked to settle many conflicts between whites and Indians. After Grant becomes President, he will be appointed as Indian Commissioner on this date.

Apr. 22, 1877:

Two Moons, Hump, and 300 other Indians surrender to Col.Nelson Miles, today. Most of the rest of Crazy Horse's followers will surrender on May 6, 1877 at the Red Cloud, and Spotted Tail agencies.

William Penn's Purchases from the Indians, 1682-1684

Apr. 23, 1701:

Today, William Penn will sign a treaty of friendship at Philadelphia with representatives of the SUSQUAHANNA, SHAWNEE, GANAWESE, and the IROQUOIS. All parties will agree to act peaceably with each other. The treaty will be known as the "Articles of Agreement".

Apr. 24, 1754:

DELAWARE Chief Teedyuscung will lead a group of 70 Christian Indians out of the village of Gnadenhuetten today. They will leave to live in the village of Wyoming, Pennsylvania.

Apr. 25, 1774:

Michael Cresap is one of many "frontiersmen" in Kentucky who wishes to instigate a war with the local indians. He hopes that the Indians would lose the war, and be forced off their highly coveted lands. Today Cresap, and a few friends, come across a SHAWNEE and a DELAWARE Indian traveling through the woods. Cresap's group kills them both.

Cherokee Nation - Principal Chief Chad Smith (editor's note: elected NOT selected)

Apr. 26, 1906:

A law is passed which grants the President to pick the CHEROKEE Chief.

Apr. 27, 1763:

Today, Pontiac will hold a council with a large group of OTTAWA, WYNADOT, and POTAWATOMI Indians. He will tell them of his plans to attack Fort Detroit. He will extol the virtues of returning to the old Indian ways, before the coming of the Europeans.

Apr. 28, 1871:

Either convinced that Eskiminzin's APACHE are responsible for raids near Tucson, or just looking for an excuse to attack the ARAVAIPAs, William Oury sets out with 140 armed whites and Indians for the APACHE camp near Camp Grant.

Apr. 29, 1700:

Lemoyne d'Iberville today visits a PASCAGOULA Indian village, one day's walk from the French post at Biloxi. The PASCAGOULAs have been hit hard by disease brought by the Europeans. D'Iberville is impressed by the beauty of the PASCAGOULA women.

Apr. 30, 1860:

Fort Defiance, in northwestern Arizona, was the first fort to be build in NAVAJO country. Built near land used by Manuelito's NAVAJOs to graze their horses, an inevitable conflict begins when the army claims the grazing land for their own mounts. A series of raids on both sides leads to a full scale attack. On this date, Manuelito, and nearly 1,000 warriors attack Fort Defiance. The NAVAJOs capture a few outbuildings, but the soldiers soon regroup and volleys are exchanged throughout the rest of the day. The NAVAJOs will leave that night considering the message delivered. The Army will eventually retaliate.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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