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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


January 24, 2004 - Issue 105


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


Jan. 24, 1806:

Today, CHEROKEE Chief Doublehead, and 16 others, sign a land cession treaty in Washington. They give up lands on the north side of the Tennessee River and near CHICKASAW lands for a little over $10,000 and a cotton gin and a gristmill. The Chief Do not represent the CHEROKEEs. When the rest of the tribe hears of the treaty, it will be repudiated, at once. Doublehead will be killed for making the agreement.

Jan. 25, 1856:

The second half of the QUINAULT and QUILEUTE treaty will be signed at Olympia, Washington today. The first half was signed on July 1, 1855.

Jan. 26, 1875:

As many as 40 "Mexican Indians-cattle thieves" allegedly attack a corporal, and 4 soldiers from troop G, ninth cavalry, 18 miles from Ringgold Barracks, Texas. Two of the troopers are killed in the attack. Col.Edward Hatch, and troops B, and G, 9th Cavalry, capture several of the suspects. A coroner's jury will find 9 "Mexicans" guilty of murdering the troopers.

Battle of Autossee - November 29, 1813
Battle of Autossee - November 29, 1813

Jan. 27, 1814:

Today, in modern day Macon County Alabama, American forces of almost 1,000 militia and Indians will be camped on Callabee Creek near the scene of the battle of Autossee, last November. Red Stick CREEKs will attack their encampment. The Georgia militia and the "friendly" Indians will have 22 killed and almost 150 wounded. The Red Sticks will suffer as well, but they will force the American expedition to leave the area.

Jan. 28, 1833:

Today, a CHEROKEE commission of John Ross, John Baldridge, Richard Taylor, and Joseph Vann, address the Secretary of War in Washington, D.C.. They again state their unwillingness to negotiate with the federal government about removal, while the federal government is not living up to its previous agreements to protect them from the illegal actions of the State of Georgia. The CHEROKEEs are told their only hope is for removal. During subsequent discussions, President Jackson offers the eastern CHEROKEEs 3 million dollars for all of the lands east of the Mississippi River, excluding North Carolina. John Ross asks the President how he will be able to protect the CHEROKEEs in Indian Territory, if he cannot protect them from Georgia. The commission feels that the gold mines on CHEROKEE lands are worth more than the President's offer.

Jan. 29, 1675:

Today, John Sassamon will be found under the ice of Assawompsett Pond, 15 miles from the Plymouth. A Christian Indian, and educated at Harvard, Sassamon had recently left living with the whites to become Philip's aide. He would the leave Philip, return to the colony as a preacher for the local Indians. He would tell the colony of Philip's plans to attack, but he would not be believed. After his body was found, witnesses would testify in court that 3 WAMPANOAGs murdered Sassamon. Some time later, 1 of the 3 would confess on the gallows, after his rope broke while being hanged. He would be hanged anyway. This episode, was the spark Philip needed for his war.

Osceola, the Great Seminole Chief by Robert John Curtis, 1838
Osceola, the Great Seminole Chief
by Robert John Curtis, 1838

Jan. 30, 1873:

SEMINOLE Chief Osceola dies today at Fort Moultrie, in Charleston, South Carolina. It is believe he has some sort of throat disease, others will say malaria, other say of a broken heart.

Jan. 31, 1870:

The first acts are taken to establish the White Mountain-San Carlos-Camp Apache Reserve in western Arizona territory, by the Military Division of the Pacific. Major engineer H.M.Robert forwards a map of the proposed reserve to military headquarters in San Francisco for consideration.

Feb. 1 , 1917:

By Executive Order, today, the PAPAGO Indian Reservation in established in Arizona. The act will be amended on February 21, 1931, and on October 28, 1932.

Comanche code-talkers of the 4th Signal Company
Comanche code-talkers of the 4th Signal Company
(U.S. Army Signal Center and Ft. Gordon)

Feb. 2, 1887:

A law is passed which will prohibit the use of Indian languages in schools.

Feb. 3, 1847:

General Sterling Price reaches the fortified TAOS Pueblo. Cannonade proves unfruitful, so Price retreats to the city of Taos.

Feb. 4, 1861:

John Ward's step-son Feliz Tellez is kidnapped by Indians from his rancho on Sonoita Creek in Arizona. Ward complains to the army, and they send Second Lt.George Bascom, and 54 soldiers to find him. Today, CHIRICAHUA APACHE Chief Cochise is invited to talk with Bascom in Apache Pass, in southwestern Arizona. Cochise brings some family with him to the parlay in Bascom's tent. Cochise is shocked when Bascom accuses him of kidnapping the boy. Cochise denies his involvement, but Bascom does not believe him. Bascom then tells Cochise he is under arrest. Cochise cuts a hole in the tent, and escapes. Bascom will keep Cochise's relatives as hostages. Cochise will quickly seize several whites has hostages, as well.

Feb. 5, 1802:

Orono was a PENOBSCOT Chief. During his life he was converted to catholicism, he fought in the French and Indian wars against the British settlements in New England, he fought on the American side during the Revolutionary War, and he is believed to have been 108 years old when he died on this date.

Feb. 6, 1793:

After William Blount gained the promise of CHICKAMAUGA Chiefs to stop their raids and murdering of European settlers on May 29, 1792, the rampages continued. Today, Blount returns to the CHICKAMAUGAs at Coyatee with the same request and an offer for the Principal Chiefs to visit the "great white father" at Philadelphia. The Chiefs will consider the offer, but within the next few months the village will be attacked by Europeans. This will harden the CHICKAMAUGAs, and some of their CHEROKEE neighbors, hearts. The attacks will eventually continue.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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