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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


July 26, 2003 - Issue 92


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This Date In
North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at


July 26, 1824:

Seminole Principal Chief Neamathla (also called Eneah Emathla) has managed to avoid removing his people from Florida to the west. Florida Governor William Duval has become convinced that Neamathla is planning another uprising. The Governor officially removes Neamathla from his position as Chief.

July 27, 1757:

Ottawa warriors, and a few French soldiers attack a group of twenty-two barges commanded by British Lieutenant Colonel John Parker on Lake George in New York. The British forces have 160 men killed, and almost 150 men captured. Only two of the barges escape the fighting.

July 28, 1872:

Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie and twelve officers and 272 enlisted men begin an extended patrol of the area surrounding the Texas Panhandle. They include twenty Tonkawa scouts. They are looking for renegade Indians. One of their engagements is called the "Battle of the North Fork of the Red River." It happens on September 29, 1872.

Ojibwe Migration Map
Many Ojibwe eventually migrated westward and southward along river systems confronting the Dakota (Sioux) in bitter battles. They exchanged furs for firearms and other European implements. Many French fur traders married into and adopted Ojibwe culture.

July 29, 1837:

Henry Dodge, representing the United States, and the Chippewa Indians sign a treaty (7 Stat., 536.) at St. Peters, Wisconsin. The Chippewas trade large land holdings for $9,500 immediately, $19,000 worth of supplies, and a release from their debts.

July 30, 1609:

Samuel de Champlain, two Frenchmen, and sixty Algonquin and Huron Indians, attack 200 Mohawks near Ticonderoga, in New York. Champlain has some firearms, and they prove devastating. The Mohawks quit the battle. Some sources list this event on July 9th.

July 31, 1763:

Captain James Dalyell, and 280 soldiers attack Pontiac's village at 2:30 am this morning. Pontiac is informed of Dalyell's plans, so he sets up an ambush at the Parent's Creek bridge with 400 Indians. When Dalyell's troops approach the bridge, the Indians attack. Twenty soldiers, including Dalyell, and seven Indians are killed in the fighting. The creek, near Detroit, is now called Bloody Run. Major Robert Rogers helps Dalyell's survivors to escape.

This map shows Shawnee Indian towns in Ohio. 1660-1833

August 1, 1739:

Several Shawnee Chiefs sign a peace treaty with British Pennsylvania authorities not to become allies with any other country. The British agree to enforce previous treaties banning the sale of rum to the Indians.

August 2, 1792:

Mohegan Samson Occom dies in New Stockbridge, New York. A protégé of Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, Occom learns numerous foreign languages, become an ordained minister, be the first Indian to preach in England, minister to many Indian tribes, and be instrumental in the establishment of Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.

August 3, 1761:

According to some records, a conference regarding land questions and the return of prisoners is held for the next ten days between representatives of the British in Pennsylvania and the Cayuga, Conoy, Delaware, Mahican, Nanticoke, Oneida and Onondaga Indians.

The Creek Indians, descendants of the prehistoric Temple Mound Builders, constructed their homes in a traditional style before coming into contact with Europeans. The packed mud walls insulated inhabitants from outside temperature extremes. Each village consisted of the circular-shaped ceremonial lodge (built with clay walls and a cone-shaped bark roof) and pole-framed rectangular houses grouped in clusters of four. Wood was used to build a framework only, until the Europeans came and began building log cabins. The Creek house shown above (1791) is made with logs placed horizontally in the European style. The specifics of the architecture indicate the degree of influence the Europeans had upon the lives of these southeastern Indians.

August 4, 1813:

500 warriors of the White Stick faction of the Creeks gather in Coweta, across the river in Alabama from modern Columbus Georgia. With 200 Cherokee warriors, they make plans to attack a band of Red Stick Creeks, followers of Tecumseh, over 2,500 strong. The White Sticks are led by Tustunnuggee Thlucco and Tustunnuggee Hopoie.

August 5, 1570:

A Spanish colony expedition in sailing up the Chesapeake in Virginia, when they reach the area they will call Axaca somewhere near the Rappahannock. The local Indians will force the Spanish to abandon the effort.

August 6, 1840:

Hundreds of Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, surround, and attack Victoria, Texas. In the next two days, fifteen settlers are killed in the fighting. The Comanches take several hundred head of livestock.

August 7, 1670:

Apache or Navajos attack the ancient Zuni Pueblo of Hawikuh. They burn the church, and kill the resident missionary.

August 8, 1699:

The Tohome Indians live along the Gulf Coast in Alabama and Mississippi. In Biloxi, they formally establish peaceful relations with the French.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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