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Canku Ota

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(Many Paths)

An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


February 8, 2003 - Issue 80


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This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Feb. 8, 1887:

The "Dawes Severalty Act" regarding land allotments takes effect (24 stat 388-89).

Feb. 9, 1607:

There has been a long period of fighting between the Indian tribes of the Powhatan Confederacy and the English colonists in Virginia. While leading a Paspahegh war party near Jamestown, Chief Wochinchopunck is seen by the colonists. A fight ensues, and the Chief is killed.

Feb. 10, 1890:

The South Dakota "land grab" takes place . Parts of the Great Sioux Reservation is opened to settlers.

The Tuscaroras, related to the Iroquois, lived in north Carolina, where they maintained friendly relations with the colonists. Trouble began when the white settlers began to take advantage of the Tuscaroras, encroaching on their farmland, cheating them in trades, and in some cases kidnapping and selling their children into slavery. In retaliation, Tuscarora warriors, under Chief Hancock, raided white villages in 1711. The war quickly escalated. In a final standoff, Colonel James Moore led his men, aided by Yamasee Indians, into the Tuscarora village of Neoheroka in 1713, killing and capturing one thousand inhabitants. Many were then sold into slavery to finance the war effort. The surviving Tuscaroras migrated to New York, where in 1722 they became the sixth nation in the Iroquois League. This drawing shows Christopher von Graffenreid, founder of a Swiss- German colony in North Carolina, and his slave being held captive by the Tuscaroras during the conflict.

Feb. 11, 1715:

The Tuscarora (Coree) Indians led by Tom Blount, sign a peace treaty with the English settlers in North Carolina. This ends much of the fighting in the area. Some sources say it is signed at a fort called Nooherooka by the Indians.

Feb. 12, 1599:

Of the seventy Acomas tried for battling with the Spaniards on December 4, 1598, all seventy are found guilty. Today, Juan de Oñate orders their punishment. All men over twenty-five years old have one foot cut off and serve as slaves for twenty years. Everyone from twelve to twenty-five only have a foot cut off.

Feb. 13, 1879:

According to Army reports, Victoria, and twenty-two Warm Springs Apache Indians, surrender to Lieutenant Charles Merritt, of the Ninth Cavalry, at Ojo Caliente, New Mexico. The Apaches lived in Mexico for years eluding the Army's attempts to move them to the San Carlos Reservation on September 2, 1877.

Mountain Sheep

Feb. 14, 1969:

The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe of the Flathead Reservation enact a resolution prohibiting the hunting or killing of Mountain Sheep.

Feb. 15, 1831:

The United States Senate passes a resolution asking President Jackson if he is going to live up to the Indian Trade and Intercourse Act passed on March 30, 1802. If he is not going to live up to this law, they want to know why. He responds a week later.

Feb. 16, 1911:

President Taft issues several Executive Orders which allow the sale, use or manufacture of alcoholic beverages in former Indian Reservations which have been ceded to the United States. The tribes which had ceded the land are the Chippewas of Lake Superior, Pillager, Red Lake, Pembina; and the Lake Traverse Sioux. President Taft also issues Executive Order Number 1299 which states that Pillager Chippewa lands in Minnesota ceded to the United states by the treaty of August 21, 1847, will no longer be held in trust as "Indian lands."

Feb. 17, 1909:

Geronimo (Goyathlay) dies at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

Feb. 18, 1867:

The Sac and Fox sign a treaty (15 stat.495). They sell much of what remains of their reservation.

Cornstalk Monument at Point Pleasant Battle Monument State Park

Feb. 19, 1778:

Virginia Governor Patrick Henry is upset by the actions of several white "frontiersmen" against the Indians. They have killed Shawnee Chief Cornstalk, and four other Shawnees, who have lived in peace with their neighbors. Today Governor Henry writes a letter to Colonel William Fleming. Suggesting that perhaps the murderers are British agents trying to instigate a fight with the Indians to divert troops away from the Revolutionary War.

Feb. 20, 1893:

A Congressional Act modifies the White Mountain-San Carlos-Camp Apache Reserve, in western Arizona Territory. It is amended further on June 10, 1896. At its' largest, it comprises 2,866 square miles, and be occupied by Arivaipa, Chillion, Chiricahua,Coyotero, Membreno, Mogollon, Mohave, Pinal, San Carlos, Tonto, and Yuma-Apache tribes.

Feb. 21, 1911:

Comanche Chief Quanah Parker dies. He is eventually buried at Fort Sill, in south-central Oklahoma. His headstone reads, "resting here until day breaks and darkness disappears is Quanah Parker, the last Chief of the Comanches. Died Feb.21,1911, age sixty-four years." Some sources say he died on February 23rd.

For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News

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Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.


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